Purba Medinipur
Clockwise from top-left: Memorial to Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay at Dariapur, College Junction at Kanthi, Mahishadal Rajbari, New Digha Beach at Digha, Bargabhima temple in Tamluk
Location of Purba Medinipur in West Bengal
Location of Purba Medinipur in West Bengal
State West Bengal
DivisionPurba Medinipur
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKanthi (Contai), Tamluk, Ghatal (partly), Medinipur (partly)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesTamluk, Panskura Purba, Panskura Paschim, Moyna, Nandakumar, Mahishadal, Haldia, Nandigram, Chandipur, Patashpur, Kanthi Uttar, Bhagabanpur, Khejuri, Kanthi Dakshin, Egra , Ramnagar
 • Total4,736 km2 (1,829 sq mi)
 • Total5,095,875
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Literacy87.66 per cent
 • Sex ratio936 females / 1000 males
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 16, NH 116
HDI (2004)Increase 0.620[1] (medium)
Ramsey Clark visiting Nandigram
Map of Purba Medinipur showing Tamluk

Purba Medinipur (English: East Medinipur, alternative spelling Midnapore) district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the southernmost district of Medinipur division – one of the five administrative divisions of West Bengal. The headquarters in Tamluk. It was formed on 1 January 2002 after the Partition of Medinipur into Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur which lies at the northern and western border of it. The state of Odisha is at the southwest border; the Bay of Bengal lies in the south; the Hooghly river and South 24 Parganas district to the east; Howrah district to the north-east; Paschim Medinipur district to the west.

Purba Medinipur comprises the sub-divisions of Tamluk, Contai and Haldia of erstwhile Medinipur district.[2] Another sub-division, Egra has been created out of the erstwhile Contai sub-division during the partition of Medinipur. In 2011, the state government proposed to rename the district as Tamralipta district after the ancient port city of Tamralipta which used to lie near the modern district headquarters.

Purba Medinipur saw many political movements during the British Raj. A parallel government named the Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar was formed during the Quit India Movement in Tamluk.[3] In 2007, Purba Medinipur witnessed the Nandigram violence, an incident of police firing that killed 14 farmers.[4]



Tamralipta, the port in ancient India, is believed by scholars to have been around modern-day Tamluk. It is mentioned in the writings of Ptolemy (150 AD), the Greco-Egyptian writer, as well as Faxian and Xuanzang, Chinese monks and travellers. It was the main port used by Ashoka, the Mauryan emperor. With too much siltation the port lost its importance around eighth century A.D.The supreme leader of Tamralipta Jatiya sarkar was Satish chandra Samanta.[5]



Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 meters above the mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5  km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran), Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.[5][6][7]

Major cities and towns

Major cities and towns include Panskura, Tamluk, Nandakumar, Contai, Egra, Haldia, Mecheda, Mahishadal, Digha, Mandarmani, Khejuri, Ramnagar, Patashpur, Kolaghat, Nandigram.


Administrative subdivisions

Purba Medinipur district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[8]

Subdivision Headquarters
Population %
Population %
Tamluk Tamluk 1084.30 1,791,695 94.08 5.92
Haldia Haldia 683.94 959,934 79.19 20.81
Egra Egra 940.96 958,939 96.96 3.04
Contai Contai 1251.21 1,385,307 93.55 6.45
Purba Medinipur district Tamluk 4,713.00 5,095,875 91.71 8.29

Tamluk subdivision consists of Tamluk municipality, Panskura municipality and seven community development blocks: Nandakumar, Moyna, Tamluk, Shahid Matangini, Panskura–I, Panskura–II and Chandipur (Nadigram–III). Haldia subdivision consists of Haldia municipality and five community development blocks: Mahishadal, Nandigram–I, Nandigram–II, Sutahata and Haldia. Egra subdivision consists of Egra municipality and five community development blocks: Bhagawanpur–I,Egra–I, Egra–II, Pataspur–I and Pataspur–II. Contai subdivision consists of Contai municipality and eight community development blocks: Kanthi–I, Kanthi–II, Kanthi–III, Khejuri–I, Khejuri–II, Ramnagar–I and Ramnagar–II, Bhagawanpur–II.[9]

Tamluk is the district headquarters. There are 21 police stations, 25 development blocks, 5 municipalities and 223 gram panchayats in this district.[9][10]

Other than in the municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 10 urban units: five municipalities and five census towns.[10] Panskura municipality was established in 2001.[11]

Tamluk subdivision

Haldia subdivision

Egra subdivision

Contai subdivision

Assembly Constituencies

No. Name Lok Sabha constituency MLA Party
203 Tamluk Tamluk Soumen Kumar Mahapatra All India Trinamool Congress
204 Panskura Purba Biplab Roy Chowdhury All India Trinamool Congress
205 Panskura Paschim Ghatal Firoja Bibi All India Trinamool Congress
206 Moyna Tamluk Ashok Dinda Bharatiya Janata Party
207 Nandakumar Sukumar De All India Trinamool Congress
208 Mahisadal Tilak Kumar Chakraborty All India Trinamool Congress
209 Haldia (SC) Tapasi Mondal Bharatiya Janata Party
210 Nandigram Suvendu Adhikari Bharatiya Janata Party
211 Chandipur Kanthi Soham Chakraborty All India Trinamool Congress
212 Patashpur Uttam Barik All India Trinamool Congress
213 Kanthi Uttar Sumita Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party
214 Bhagabanpur Rabindranath Maity Bharatiya Janata Party
215 Khejuri (SC) Santanu Pramanik Bharatiya Janata Party
216 Kanthi Dakshin Arup Kumar Das Bharatiya Janata Party
217 Ramnagar Akhil Giri All India Trinamool Congress
218 Egra Medinipur Tarun Kumar Maity All India Trinamool Congress

Purba Medinipur contains 16 assembly constituencies, equally divided between two Lok Sabha constituencies Tamluk and Kanthi. The MP for Tamluk is Dibyendu Adhikari (AITC) while the MP for Kanthi is Sisir Adhikari (BJP). These are members of the Adhikari family which has dominated politics in the district whose prominent member has been Suvendu Adhikari, now Leader of Opposition in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly.


According to the 2011 census Purba Medinipur district has a population of 5,095,875,[12] roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates[13] or the US state of Colorado.[14] This gives it a ranking of 20th in India (out of a total of 640).[12] The district has a population density of 1,076 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,790/sq mi).[12] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.32%.[12] Purba Medinipur has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 88.60%. 11.63% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 14.63% and 0.55% of the population respectively.[12]

Bengali is the predominant language, spoken by 98.31% of the population. The Bengali dialect around Kanthi is heavily influenced by nearby dialect of Odia and along the Odisha border, the two dialects cannot be distinguished[15]


Religion in Purba Medinipur district (2011)[16]
Other or not stated
Religion in present-day Purba Medinipur district[a]
Religion Population (1941)[17]: 76  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[16] Percentage (2011)
Hinduism 1,365,664 90.19% 4,343,972 85.24%
Islam 139,408 9.21% 743,436 14.59%
Others [b] 9,165 0.61% 8,467 0.17%
Total Population 1,514,237 100% 5,095,875 100%

Hindus are the majority religion in the district. Muslims are the second largest religion.[16]


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Purba Medinipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[18] It is one of the 11 districts in West Bengal receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[18] in East Medinipur Mat "Madur" industry are very popular , it's occupation of most people. In , agriculture sector paddy, wheat, chilli, vegetable are also popular in India.

Concentration of Handicraft Activities in Purba Medinipur
  • Horn Craft - Kolaghat
  • Pata Chitra - Chandipur, Nandakumar,
  • Sea Shell – Ramnagar I & II, Patashpur I
  • Mat & Mat Diversified Products – Ramnagar I, Egra I & II, Patashpur I
  • Brass & Bell Metal – Ramnagar I, Mahisadal, Patashpur II, Egra I
  • Diversified Jute Products – Ramnagar II, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Cane & Bamboo Products - Chandipur, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Sola Craft - Tamluk, Kolaghat
  • Pottery/Terracotta - Panskura, Tamluk, Sahid Matangini, Nandakumar
  • Wood Craft - Tamluk
  • Zari work- Sutahta, Mahishadal, Haldia, Nandakumar

Literacy and education

Educational facilities in Purba Medinipur district:[19]
High School (including higher secondary school)–456
Junior High School–189
Junior High Madarsa–5
High Madarsa–8
Senior Madarsa–2
Primary School–3217
Sishu Sikhsha Kendra–1516
Ishwar chandra Jana Chetna Centre–3089
Engineering colleges–2
Skill development institutions–44

According to the 2011 census, the district has a literacy rate of 87.66[20] up from 80.20% of 2001 census. As per 2001 census, this district had a male literacy rate of 89.1% and female literacy rate was 70.7%. The education index of this district is 0.74[19] and it is ranked first in literacy in comparison to other districts of West Bengal.[21]

See also: List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Purba Medinipur district for the year 2013–2014. It may be noted that primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools, and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes, etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, polytechnics, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training, and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[22]

Subdivision Primary
Higher Secondary
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student Institution Student
Tamluk 1,084 84,258 78 5,789 77 43,408 144 171,516 6 12,728 17 2,747 2,704 112,411
Haldia 557 43,173 40 5,082 54 36,767 77 83,659 5 9,792 16 6,256 1,359 59,879
Egra 629 41,418 76 11,537 49 32,167 74 90,730 3 9,498 2 154 1,595 62,200
Contai 983 50,945 99 10,557 81 46,690 102 120,128 5 12,223 10 1,602 2,316 90,552
Purba Medinipur district 3,253 219,794 293 32,965 261 159,032 397 466,093 19 44,241 45 10,759 7,974 375,042


The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Purba Medinipur district.[23]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
Deptts /
Total Total
Tamluk 1 - 7 14 - - - 70 92 1,506 96 61,84 1,251,099
Haldia 1 2 3 10 - - - 19 35 803 67 27,586 757,876
Egra 1 1 4 11 - - - 21 38 489 42 23,699 419,829
Contai 2 - 8 16 - - - 22 48 688 88 59,882 890,607
Purba Medinipur district 5 3 22 51 - - - 132 213 3,486 293 172,251 3,319,411


The coastal region of Purba Medinipur district is in the face of river Hoogly. With good coastal, landform, seasonal, rural and heritage diversity, it offers the potential for tourism in its typical coastlines and rural areas. The famous tourist spots are[19]

Tamluk (Tamralipta)

Bargabhima Temple, Tamluk

Tamluk, district headquarters of Purba Medinipur district is situated on the bank of river Rupnarayan which is a very popular picnic spot. The other places are:



It is a municipality upgraded in 2002. It is one of the busiest towns in East Midnapore district. Panskura is known as "Valley of Flowers" with large supplies of flowers to other places. Panskura is also known for its green vegetables wholesale market near the Panskura Junction railway station. It is open every day after 10 pm until 7 am the next morning with a regular gathering of lakhs of people. Panskura is one of the busiest railway stations which extends up to Digha or Haldia directly through this station or by bus. The river Kansabati is a good picnic spot and Mahakali (Bhavatarini) temple nearby old Panskura bazar is a pilgrimage spot. Panskura is also well known for its cultural side. Many cultural schools and institutes are there. Panskura is famous for the recitation institute Chandabani [ছন্দবাণী].


Mahishadal is only 16  km from Tamluk town where tourists can visit the Mahishadal Rajbari, the museum there and Gopal Jiu temple. Geonkhali is a place 8  km from Mahishadal, a perfect picnic spot at the junction (mohona) of three rivers.


Digha is a seaside resort town of Purba Medinipur district and, at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal, is the most popular seaside resort of West Bengal. Renowned for its beaches, Digha is visited by thousands of tourists every year.

New Digha Beach


Mandarmani is a small virgin beach on the Bay of Bengal under Kalindi Gram Panchayat, only 14  km from Digha-Contai Road from Chaulkhola Bus Stop. It is a small fishing harbour and a fast developing tourist spot.


Haldia Port

Haldia, a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur, is a major seaport approximately 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Kolkata near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges. It is being developed as a major trade port for Kolkata, intended mainly for bulk cargoes.

Notable people


  1. ^ This is the Contai and Tamluk subdivisions of the former Medinipur district
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated


  1. ^ "West Bengal Human Development Report 2004" (PDF).
  2. ^ Jana, Naresh (31 December 2001). "Tamluk readies for giant's partition". The Telegraph (Kolkata). Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  3. ^ "Sushil Dhara:Dreams of '42 Service in '90s". janasamachar.net. Retrieved 22 August 2009.
  4. ^ "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid". The Telegraph. 15 March 2007. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2007.
  5. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purba Midnapur District" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Mapping Dynamics of land utilization and its changing Patterns of Purba Medinipure District - W.B". Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  10. ^ a b "Administration Setup". Official website of Purba Medinipur district. Archived from the original on 25 April 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  11. ^ "Municipalities: Panskura Municipality". Department of Urban Development, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  12. ^ a b c d e "District Census Handbook: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. United Arab Emirates 5,148,664
  14. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Colorado 5,029,196
  15. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: West Bengal". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  16. ^ a b c "Table C-01 Population by Religion: West Bengal". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  17. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI BENGAL PROVINCE" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  18. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  19. ^ a b c "Official website of the Purba Medinipur District". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  20. ^ "District Census 2011". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  21. ^ List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate
  22. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  23. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2016.