Bharatiya Janata Party, West Bengal
ভারতীয় জনতা পার্টি, পশ্চিমবঙ্গ
LeaderSuvendu Adhikari
(Leader of Opposition)
PresidentDr. Sukanta Majumder
Yuva Morcha presidentIndranil Khan
Headquarters6, Muralidhar Sen Lane, College Square, Kolkata-700073, West Bengal
NewspaperKamal Barta
Youth wingBharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, West Bengal
Women's wingBJP Mahila Morcha, West Bengal
Right-wing populism[3]
Integral humanism[6]
Political positionRight-wing[7]
Colours  Saffron
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance
Seats in West Bengal Legislative Assembly
70 / 294
Seats in Gorkhaland Territorial Administration
0 / 50
Loksabha seats
16 / 42
Rajyasabha seats
2 / 16
Election symbol
Party flag

Bharatiya Janata Party, West Bengal or simply BJP West Bengal is the state unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party in the Indian state of West Bengal. The party's headquarters is located in Kolkata, the capital of the state. Sukanta Majumdar is currently appointed as the president of BJP West Bengal.

The party currently holds 2 seat in the Rajya Sabha and 16 seats in the Lok Sabha from the state. Furthermore, the party has 70 seats in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly.


Vote share in consecutive assembly elections
Vote share in consecutive Lok Sabha elections


The Bharatiya Janata Party contested the West Bengal assembly election for the first time in 1982.[9] The primary objective of the party was to create a nucleus for a future third force in West Bengal politics.[9] The party supported the call of the West Bengal government to hold the elections in March 1982.[10] The party contested on 52 assembly constituencies and got around 129,994 votes in the state.

In 1984 Lok Sabha election, BJP contested on 9 seats and got 101165 (0.4%) votes in West Bengal.[11]

In the 1987 the party contested on 57 constituencies and slightly increased its votes to 134,867.[12]

In 1989 Lok Sabha election, BJP contested on 19 seats and got 529618 (1.67%) votes in West Bengal.[13]


The Bharatiya Janata Party fielded 291 candidates across the state in 1991 Vidhan Sabha election, and managed to increase its share of votes from 0.51% in 1987 to 11.34% (3,513,121 votes).[14][9] This was the first time BJP fielded such a large number of candidates in West Bengal assembly elections.[9] The party also fielded 42 candidates for the 1991 Lok Sabha election which took place simultaneously with the Vidhan Sabha election. The BJP got 3624974 (11.66%) votes in this election. Rather than focusing primarily on the Ayodhya issue, which was highlighted in the BJP campaigns across the country, the West Bengal BJP campaign concentrated on agitations against immigration from Bangladesh.[15] The campaign sought to invoke Bengali memories of Partition.[15] Whilst support for BJP increased amongst Bengali communities, its main stronghold in the state remained non-Bengali populations in Calcutta (Marwaris and Gujaratis).[15]

In 1996, both Assembly election and Lok Sabha election took place simultaneously, the party contested on 292 assembly constituencies and got 2,372,480 (6.45%) votes[16] and contested 42 Lok Sabha seats and got 2525864 (6.88%) votes across the state.[17]

In 1998, the BJP contested on 14 seats and won 1 Lok Sabha seat for the first time in West Bengal from Dum Dum. It got 3724662 (10.2%) votes.[18] Tapan Sikdar, who was serving as the West Bengal State President of BJP, won the Dum Dum constituency with 631,383 (50.7%) votes defeating nearest rival Nirmal Kanti Chatterjee of the CPI (M).[19]

In 1999, the BJP in an alliance with All India Trinamool Congress contested 13 seats and won 2 Lok Sabha seats and got 3,928,424 votes (11.13).[20] The two elected Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha were Satyabrata Mookherjee from Krishnanagar with 43.82% votes and Tapan Sikdar from Dum Dum with 51.59% votes.[21]


In 2001 Assembly election, BJP contested on 266 constituencies and got 1901351 (5.19%) votes throughout the state and 5.68% in seats contested.[22]

In the 2004 Indian general election, the National Democratic Alliance was completely decimated by CPI (M) led Left Front and INC led United Progressive Alliance. The BJP didn't win a single seat and its ally All India Trinamool Congress was reduced to just 1 Lok Sabha seat.[23] The BJP however managed to get 2983950 (8.06%) votes.[24]

In the 2006 Assembly election, BJP entered into an alliance with the All India Trinamool Congress and contested on 29 constituencies. The BJP got 760236 (1.93%) votes throughout West Bengal and 19.89% on seats it contested.[25]

In 2009 Indian general election, BJP candidate Jaswant Singh, with support from Gorkha Janmukti Morcha, won the Darjeeling Lok Sabha seat getting a total of 4,97,649 (51.50%) votes. Across the state BJP got only 6.14% votes.[26]


In 2011 Legislative Assembly election the BJP allied with GJM.[27]

In 2014 Indian general election the BJP won only 2 seats. BJP candidates for the first time, returned runner-up in 3 seats and got 17.2% vote share throughout the state. This performance was better than BJP's previous best of 11.66% in 1991 elections. However the All India Trinamool Congress dominated the election winning 34 seats.[28]

In 2016 Assembly election the BJP in an alliance with GJM contested 291 seats and got 5,555,134 (10.16%) votes and created history by winning 3 assembly seats for the first time.[29]

There was a major political shift from the left to the right in the 2019 Lok Sabha election in West Bengal. The Bharatiya Janata Party, won 18 Lok Sabha seats out of the 42 constituencies with 23,028,343 (40.25%) votes. On 24 May 2019, The Statesman reported that BJP had made CPI-M a marginalised party and setting a strong challenge to the ruling Trinamool Congress.[30] The shift in the voting pattern was seen across the state.[31]

After the election the Government of India passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA) in the Parliament, allowing a quicker route to citizenship to non Muslim immigrants from neighbouring countries. The party hoped to benefit from the votes of the Hindu immigrants from Bangladesh.[32][33]

Post 2020

The BJP's Bengali booklet released in January 2020 claimed that the National Register of Citizens will be implemented to identify any undocumented migrants including Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims and non-Muslims by the Citizenship Amendment Act.[34][35]

Electoral performance

Legislative Assembly election

Year Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Outcome
3 / 294
Increase 3 10.16%  – Opposition
77 / 294
Increase 74 38.14% Increase 27.98% Opposition

Lok Sabha election

Year Seats won Change in seats
1 / 42
2 / 42
Increase 1
18 / 42
Increase 16


The West Bengal BJP has one president, twelve vice presidents and five general secretaries & twelve secretaries.[36] As of September 2021, the President of the West Bengal state branch of the party is Dr. Sukanta Majumder.

List of State Presidents

This article is about the chronological List of State Presidents of Bharatiya Janata Party for West Bengal. For List of All India Presidents, see List of presidents of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

No. Name Term in office
1 Prof. Haripada Bharati 1980–1982
2 Dr. Vishnukant Shastri 1982–1986
3 Sukumar Banerjee 1986–1991
4 Tapan Sikdar 1991–1995
(2) Dr. Vishnukant Shastri 1995–1997
(4) Tapan Sikdar 1997–1999
5 Asim Ghosh 1999–2002
6 Tathagata Roy 2002–2006
(3) Sukumar Banerjee 2006–2008
7 Satyabrata Mookherjee 2008–2009
8 Rahul Sinha 2009–2015
9 Dilip Ghosh 2015–2021
10 Dr. Sukanta Majumder 2021–present

Elected members

Incumbent member(s) of Parliament

Further information: List of members of the 17th Lok Sabha

S.No Member of Parliament Constituency Name District(s) Term Start
1. Nisith Pramanik Cooch Behar Cooch Behar 2019
2. John Barla Alipurduar Alipurduar, Cooch Behar
3. Jayanta Kumar Roy Jalpaiguri Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar
4. Raju Bista Darjeeling Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Uttar Dinajpur
5. Debasree Chaudhuri Raiganj Uttar Dinajpur
6. Sukanta Majumder Balurghat Dakshin Dinajpur, Uttar Dinajpur
7. Khagen Murmu Maldaha Uttar Malda
8. Jagannath Sarkar Ranaghat Nadia
9. Shantanu Thakur Bangaon North 24 Parganas
10. Locket Chatterjee Hooghly Hooghly
11. Kunar Hembram Jhargram Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur, Purulia
12. Dilip Ghosh Medinipur Paschim Medinipur, Purba Medinipur
13. Jyotirmoy Mahato Purulia Purulia
14. Subhash Sarkar Bankura Bankura
15. Saumitra Khan Bishnupur Bankura, Purba Bardhaman
16. S. S. Ahluwalia Bardhaman–Durgapur Purba Bardhaman, Paschim Bardhaman

Incumbent member(s) of Legislative Assembly

S.NO Constituency MLA Present Party Remarks
# Name
Cooch Behar District
01. 2 Mathabhanga Sushil Barman Bharatiya Janata Party
02. 3 Cooch Behar Uttar Sukumar Roy Bharatiya Janata Party
03. 4 Cooch Behar Dakshin Nikhil Ranjan Dey Bharatiya Janata Party
04. 5 Sitalkuchi Baren Chandra Barman Bharatiya Janata Party
05. 8 Natabari Mihir Goswami Bharatiya Janata Party
06. 9 Tufanganj Malati Rava Roy Bharatiya Janata Party
Alipurduar District
07. 10 Kumargram Manoj Kumar Oraon Bharatiya Janata Party
08. 11 Kalchini Bishal Lama Bharatiya Janata Party
09. 13 Falakata Dipak Barman Bharatiya Janata Party
10. 14 Madarihat Manoj Tigga Bharatiya Janata Party
Jalpaiguri District
11. 15 Dhupguri Bishnu Pada Ray Bharatiya Janata Party
12. 16 Maynaguri Kaushik Roy Bharatiya Janata Party
13. 19 Dabgram-Phulbari Sikha Chatterjee Bharatiya Janata Party
14. 21 Nagrakata Puna Bhengra Bharatiya Janata Party
Darjeeling District
15. 23 Darjeeling Neeraj Zimba Bharatiya Janata Party
16. 24 Kurseong Bishnu Prasad Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
17. 25 Matigara-Naxalbari Anandamoy Barman Bharatiya Janata Party
18. 26 Siliguri Sankar Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
19. 27 Phansidewa Durga Murmu Bharatiya Janata Party
Dakshin Dinajpur District
20. 39 Balurghat Ashok Lahiri Bharatiya Janata Party
21. 40 Tapan Budhrai Tudu Bharatiya Janata Party
22. 41 Gangarampur Satyendra Nath Ray Bharatiya Janata Party
Malda District
23. 43 Habibpur Joyel Murmu Bharatiya Janata Party
24. 44 Gazole Chinmoy Deb Barman Bharatiya Janata Party
25. 50 Maldaha Gopal Chandra Saha Bharatiya Janata Party
26. 51 English Bazar Sreerupa Mitra Chaudhury Bharatiya Janata Party
Murshidabad District
27. 64 Murshidabad Gouri Shankar Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
28. 72 Baharampur Subrata Maitra Bharatiya Janata Party
Nadia District
29. 87 Ranaghat Uttar Paschim Parthasarathi Chatterjee Bharatiya Janata Party
30. 88 Krishnaganj Ashis Kumar Biswas Bharatiya Janata Party
31. 89 Ranaghat Uttar Purba Ashim Biswas Bharatiya Janata Party
32. 90 Ranaghat Dakshin Mukut Mani Adhikari Bharatiya Janata Party
33. 91 Chakdaha Bankim Chandra Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
34. 92 Kalyani Ambika Roy Bharatiya Janata Party
35. 93 Haringhata Asim Kumar Sarkar Bharatiya Janata Party
North 24 Parganas District
36. 95 Bangaon Uttar Ashok Kirtania Bharatiya Janata Party
37. 96 Bangaon Dakshin Swapan Majumder Bharatiya Janata Party
38. 97 Gaighata Subrata Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party
39. 105 Bhatpara Pawan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
Hooghly District
40. 199 Pursurah Biman Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
41. 200 Arambagh Madhusudan Bag Bharatiya Janata Party
42. 201 Goghat Biswanath Karak Bharatiya Janata Party
43. 202 Khanakul Susanta Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
Purba Medinipur District
44. 206 Moyna Ashoke Dinda Bharatiya Janata Party
45. 209 Haldia Tapasi Mondal Bharatiya Janata Party
46. 210 Nandigram Suvendu Adhikari Bharatiya Janata Party
47. 213 Kanthi Uttar Sumita Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party
48. 214 Bhagabanpur Rabindranath Maity Bharatiya Janata Party
49. 215 Khejuri Santanu Pramanik Bharatiya Janata Party
50. 216 Kanthi Dakshin Arup Kumar Das Bharatiya Janata Party
Paschim Medinipur District
51. 224 Kharagpur Sadar Hiran Chatterjee Bharatiya Janata Party
52. 231 Ghatal Sital Kapat Bharatiya Janata Party
Purulia District
53. 239 Balarampur Baneswar Mahato Bharatiya Janata Party
54. 241 Joypur Narahari Mahato Bharatiya Janata Party
55. 242 Purulia Sudip Kumar Mukherjee Bharatiya Janata Party
56. 244 Kashipur Kamalakanta Hansda Bharatiya Janata Party
57. 245 Para Nadiar Chand Bouri Bharatiya Janata Party
58. 246 Raghunathpur Vivekananda Bauri Bharatiya Janata Party
Bankura District
59. 247 Saltora Chandana Bauri Bharatiya Janata Party
60. 248 Chhatna Satyanarayan Mukhopadhyay Bharatiya Janata Party
61. 252 Bankura Niladri Sekhar Dana Bharatiya Janata Party
62. 254 Onda Amarnath Shakha Bharatiya Janata Party
63. 255 Bishnupur Tanmay Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party
64. 256 Katulpur Harakali Protiher Bharatiya Janata Party
65. 257 Indas Nirmal Kumar Dhara Bharatiya Janata Party
66. 258 Sonamukhi Dibakar Gharami Bharatiya Janata Party
Paschim Bardhaman District
67. 277 Durgapur Paschim Lakshman Chandra Ghorui Bharatiya Janata Party
68. 280 Asansol Dakshin Agnimitra Paul Bharatiya Janata Party
69. 282 Kulti Ajay Kumar Poddar Bharatiya Janata Party
Birbhum District
70. 284 Dubrajpur Anup Kumar Saha Bharatiya Janata Party

List of opposition leaders

No Portrait Name Term of Office Assembly Chief Minister
1 Suvendu Adhikari 10 May 2021 Incumbent 2 years, 293 days 17th Mamata Banerjee

See also


  1. ^
    • Johnson, Matthew; Garnett, Mark; Walker, David M (2017). Conservatism and Ideology. Routledge. pp. 45–50. ISBN 978-1-317-52900-2.
    • Björn Goldstein (2015) The unconscious Indianization of 'Western' conservatism – is Indian conservatism a universal model?, Global Discourse, 5:1, 44-65, doi:10.1080/23269995.2014.946315
    • Mazumdar, Surajit (2017). "Neo-Liberalism and the Rise of Right-Wing Conservatism in India". 5 (1). Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich: 115–131. Retrieved 24 April 2022. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
      Chhibber, Pradeep. K. and Verma, Rahul (2018). Ideology and Identity: The Changing Party Systems of India. Oxford University Press. pp. 50–150. ISBN 978-0-190-62390-6. LCCN 2018001733.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • McDonnell, Duncan; Cabrera, Luis (2019). "The right-wing populism of India's Bharatiya Janata Party (and why comparativists should care)". Democratization. 26 (3): 484–501. doi:10.1080/13510347.2018.1551885. S2CID 149464986.
    • Özçelik, Ezgi (2019). Right-wing Populist Governments Rhetorical Framing of Economic Inequality : the Cases of BJP in India and AKP in Turkey. Koç University.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Chatterji, Angana P.; Hansen, Thomas Blom; Jaffrelot, Christophe (2019). Majoritarian State: How Hindu Nationalism Is Changing India. Oxford University Press. pp. 100–130. ISBN 978-0-19-007817-1.
    Jaffrelot, Christophe, and Cynthia Schoch. "Conclusion to Part I." In Modi's India: Hindu Nationalism and the Rise of Ethnic Democracy, 148–54. Princeton University Press, 2021. doi:10.2307/j.ctv1dc9jzx.12.
    Chhibber, Pradeep K. and Verma, Rahul (2018). Ideology and Identity: The Changing Party Systems of India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-190-62390-6. LCCN 2018001733.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Johnson, Matthew; Garnett, Mark; Walker, David M (2017). Conservatism and Ideology. Routledge. pp. 45–50. ISBN 978-1-317-52900-2.
  7. ^ Malik & Singh 1992, pp. 318–336; Banerjee 2005, p. 3118; BBC 2012.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ a b c d Pratap Chandra Swain (2001). Bharatiya Janata Party: Profile and Performance. APH Publishing. p. 194. ISBN 978-81-7648-257-8.
  10. ^ The Annual Register of Indian Political Parties. Michiko & Panjathan. 1982. p. 108.
  11. ^ "General Election, 1984 (Vol I, II)". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  12. ^ "West Bengal 1987". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  13. ^ "General Election, 1989 (Vol I, II)". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  14. ^ Election Commission of India. Statistical Report on General Election, 1991 to the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal
  15. ^ a b c Christophe Jaffrelot (1999). The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics: 1925 to the 1990s : Strategies of Identity-building, Implantation and Mobilisation (with Special Reference to Central India). Penguin Books India. p. 441. ISBN 978-0-14-024602-5.
  16. ^ Election Commission of India. Statistical Report on General Election, 1996 to the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal
  17. ^ "General Election, 1996 (Vol I, II)". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  18. ^ "General Election, 1998 (Vol I, II)". Election Commission of India.
  19. ^ "General Elections, 1998 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  20. ^ "General Elections 1999 – Overview of West Bengal : General Elections-2004". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  21. ^ "General Elections, 1999 - Constituency Wise Detailed Results" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  22. ^ "West Bengal 2001". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Why did the NDA lose West Bengal?". rediff. 14 May 2004. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  24. ^ "General Election, 2004 (Vol I, II, III)". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  25. ^ "Election Commission of India - State Elections 2006: Partywise position in West Bengal". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 23 May 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2006.
  26. ^ "IndiaVotes PC: West Bengal 2009". IndiaVotes. India Votes Database.
  27. ^ "GJM backing both BJP and Congress-Trinamul alliance". The Asian Age. 9 April 2011.
  28. ^ "The rise of BJP in West Bengal | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 17 May 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  29. ^ "It's 'Mamata wave' in West Bengal as voters reject Congress-Left alliance". Ritesh K Srivastava. Zee News. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  30. ^ "West Bengal election results 2019: left veers into political oblivion". The Statesman, 24 May 2019. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  31. ^ Bagchi, Suvojit (23 May 2019). "Analysis: In West Bengal, Left's vote-reduction will benefit BJP but to what extent?". The Hindu. The Hindu 23 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  32. ^ Romita Datta, Why no one will douse the CAA fire in Bengal, India Today, 10 January 2020
  33. ^ Kaushik Deka, Who is (not) a citizen?, India Today, 10 January 2020
  34. ^ Amended citizenship law will shield Hindus when NRC will be rolled out, says BJP's Bengali booklet, Scroll, 7 January 2020
  35. ^ NRC next, says BJP's Bengali booklet on CAA, The Indian Express, 7 January 2020
  36. ^ Pooja Mehta (1 June 2020). "Major reshuffle in West Bengal BJP unit, Chandra Bose shunted out". Kolkata: Zee News. Retrieved 2 June 2020.

General and cited sources