Organisational Structure of the Bharatiya Janata Party

The organisation of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is based upon the Constitution of the BJP.[1] The organisation of the BJP is strictly hierarchical, with the president being the highest authority in the party. The party is considered to be a cadre-based party that draws from the Hindutva-based ideology of its parent organisation, the RSS.[2][3]

As of 2019, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies and is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership.[4]

Parent organisation

The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is considered as the parent organisation of Bharatiya Janata Party. BJP also draws its membership from the organisation of the Sangh Parivar.

Departments

The BJP on the national level has several publicly known internal departments, such as:[5]

The BJP does not publicly release more information about these departments aside from their respective heads.[5]

National level

National President

The organisation of the BJP is strictly hierarchical, with the president being the highest authority in the party.[6] According to the party's constitution, the president is elected by an electoral college consisting of the National Council and the State Councils. Until 2012, the BJP constitution mandated that any qualified member could be national or state president for a single three-year term.[6] This was amended to a maximum of two consecutive terms.[7]

National Executive

The National Executive of Bharatiya Janata Party is the presidium and chief executive body of the Bharatiya Janata Party setting the overall strategic direction of the party and policy development. It is composed of members appointed by the BJP president and can have as many as 120 members.[1]

Below the president is the National Executive of the Bharatiya Janata Party, which contains a variable number of senior leaders from across the country appointed by the President of the party. It is the higher decision making body of the party. It consists of several office holders of the party, including up to seven vice-presidents, up to five general secretaries, one general secretary (organisation), one treasurer and up to seven secretaries who work directly with the president.[6]

The National Executive has the authority to interpret the Articles and Rules of the party constitution. The Executive can also amend, alter and add to the party constitution which is subject to rectification by the following Plenary Session or Special Session of National Council. The National Executive also oversees the internal elections to the President and the National Council and appoints a returning officer for conducting the triennial election of the party.[citation needed]

An identical structure, with a State Executive Committee led by a State President, exists at the state level.[6]

Parliamentary Board

The Parliamentary Board is the governing body of the BJP which takes day-to-day decisions on behalf of the National Executive. The National Executive sets up a Parliamentary Board consisting of Party President and ten other members.[8][9][10] The Parliamentary Board supervises the activities of the parliamentary and legislative groups of the Party. It guides and regulates all the organisational units under the National Executive.

National Parliamentary Board Members[11][12]

Central Election Committee

The Central Election Committee, is also set up by the National Executive, and consist of the 11 members of the Parliamentary Board and 8 other members[a][13] elected by the National Executive.[8][10][14] The role of the CEC is to select candidates for all Legislative and Parliamentary elections throughout India.[15][16][17]

National Parliamentary Board Members[18]

National Council

The National Council is the highest policy making body of the party. It is also responsible for rectification of any amendment, alteration and addition to the party constitution by National Executive in the following Plenary Session or Special Session. The National Council along with the State Council also elects the President every three year. The National Council consists of members that are elected by the State Councils, 10% of the parliamentary party, former national Presidents, leaders of state legislative assemblies and state legislative councils, members nominated by the national president, all members of the National Executive, presidents of Morchas and Cells.[1]

State level

There are several State units of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

District Committee

District Committee is an important grassroots level organisation of BJP with one President, Six Vice President and Four General Secretary and Six Secretaries. The District Committee has Other members also.

Mandal

The Mandal Committee of BJP has one president with two general secretary and four secretaries

I believe in Integral Humanism which is the basic philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party. I am committed to Nationalism and National Integration, Democracy, Gandhian Socialism, Positive Secularism, (Sarva Dharma Sama Bhava) and Value-based politics. I subscribe to the concept of a Secular state and nation not based on religion. I firmly believe that this task can be achieved by peaceful means alone. I do not observe or recognize untouchability in any shape or form. I am not a member of any other political party. I undertake to abide by the Constitution, Rules and Discipline of the Party.

— Bharatiya Janata Party membership pledge[1]

Wings

List of morchas in the organisation Bhartiya Janata Party
Morcha President Details
Mahila Morcha Vanathi Srinivasan women's wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of India. She was the former Tamil Nadu BJP Unit Vice president and current Member of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from Coimbatore South state assembly constituency is the national president of the wing.[19][20][21][22]
Kishan Morcha Rajkumar Chahar
S.C. (Schedule Cast) Morcha Lal Singh Arya
S.T. (Schedule Tribe) Morcha Samir Oraon
O.B.C. (Other Backward Classe) Morcha K. Laxman
Minority Morcha Jamal Siddiqui
Yuva Morcha Tejasvi Surya

International

Overseas Friends of BJP-USA, is a registered foreign agent, on behalf of the Bharatiya Janata Party.[23]

Membership

Any Indian citizen of the age of 18 years or above can become a member of the Party, provided that he is not a member of any other political party. The term of membership will ordinarily be of 6 years.[1] As of 2019, it is the world's largest political party in terms of primary membership.[4]

State Presidents

This section is transcluded from List of state presidents of the Bharatiya Janata Party. (edit | history)

State Portrait Name Took office Appointed by
(National President)
Ref.
Andhra Pradesh Daggubati Purandeswari 4 July 2023
(12 days)
Jagat Prakash Nadda [24]
Arunachal Pradesh Biyuram Wahge 17 January 2020
(3 years, 180 days)
[25]
Assam Bhabesh Kalita 26 June 2021
(2 years, 20 days)
[26]
Bihar Samrat Choudhary 23 March 2023
(115 days)
[27]
Chhattisgarh Arun Sao 9 August 2022
(341 days)
[28]
Goa Sadanand Tanavade 12 January 2020
(3 years, 185 days)
[29]
Gujarat C. R. Patil 20 July 2020
(2 years, 361 days)
[30]
Haryana O. P. Dhankar 19 July 2020
(2 years, 362 days)
[31]
Himachal Pradesh Rajeev Bindal 23 April 2023
(84 days)
[32]
Jharkhand Babulal Marandi 4 July 2023
(12 days)
[33]
Karnataka Nalin Kumar Kateel 20 August 2019
(3 years, 330 days)
[34]

[35]

Kerala K. Surendran 15 February 2020
(3 years, 151 days)
[36]
Madhya Pradesh V. D. Sharma 15 February 2020
(3 years, 151 days)
[37]
Maharashtra Chandrashekhar Bawankule 12 August 2022
(338 days)
[38]
Manipur Adhikarimayum Sharda Devi 26 June 2021
(2 years, 20 days)
[39]
Meghalaya Ernest Mawrie 15 January 2020
(3 years, 182 days)
[40]
Mizoram Vanlalhmuaka 7 January 2020
(3 years, 190 days)
[41]
Nagaland
Temjen Imma Along 15 January 2020
(3 years, 182 days)
[42]

[43]

Odisha Manmohan Samal 23 March 2023
(115 days)
[44]
Punjab Sunil Jakhar 4 July 2023
(12 days)
[45]
Rajasthan Chandra Prakash Joshi 27 March 2023
(111 days)
[46]
Sikkim Dilli Ram Thapa 4 February 2023
(162 days)
[47]
Tamil Nadu Annamalai Kuppusamy 8 July 2021
(2 years, 8 days)
[48]
Telangana G. Kishan Reddy 4 July 2023
(12 days)
[49]
Tripura Rajib Bhattacharjee 25 August 2022
(325 days)
[50]
Uttar Pradesh Chaudhary Bhupendra Singh 25 August 2022
(325 days)
[51]
Uttarakhand Mahendra Bhatt 30 July 2022
(351 days)
[52]
West Bengal Sukanta Majumdar 20 September 2021
(1 year, 299 days)
[53]

[54]

State/UT Portrait Name Took office Appointed by
(National President)
Ref.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Ajoy Bairagi 16 January 2020
(3 years, 181 days)
J. P. Nadda [55]
Chandigarh Arun Sood 18 January 2020
(3 years, 179 days)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Deepesh Thakorbhai Tandel 18 January 2020
(3 years, 179 days)
[56]
Delhi Virendra Sachdeva 24 March 2023
(114 days)
[57]
Jammu and Kashmir Ravinder Raina 14 May 2018
(3 years, 183 days)
[58]
Ladakh Phunchok Stanzin 9 January 2022
(1 year, 188 days)
[59]
Lakshadweep K.N. Kasmikoya 9 January 2022
(1 year, 188 days)
[60]
Puducherry V. Saminathan 12 January 2016
(3 years, 182 days)
[61][62]

References

  1. ^ Currently the Central Election Committee has only 4 members other than the 11 members of the Parliamentary Board

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bharatiya Janata Party Constitution". BJP official website. Bharatiya Janata Party. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
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  3. ^ Gyan Varma (2 December 2014). "BJP 2.0: A mass-based political party". livemint.com. Live Mint. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  4. ^ a b "BJP inducts 7 crore new members, creates membership drive record". India Today. 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Departments | BJP". Archived from the original on 9 February 2022. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d Swain 2001, pp. 71–104.
  7. ^ Verma, Gyan (28 September 2012). "BJP amends constitution to let Gadkari get second term". Business Standard India. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  8. ^ a b IANS (15 September 2017). "Amit Shah set to reconstitute BJP's decision making bodies". Financial Express. Retrieved 3 April 2020. According to the BJP constitution, the National Executive of the party constitutes the Parliamentary Board consisting of the party president and 10 others, including the leader of the party in Parliament, as members. The Chairman of the Board would be the President and one of the General Secretaries would be nominated by the BJP President to act as the board Secretary.
  9. ^ Asian News International (21 January 2020). "Nadda likely to add new members to BJP parliamentary board". Business Standard. The members of parliamentary board include Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Home Minister Amit Shah, Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari, former Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Social Justie and Empowerment Minister Thawarchand Gehlot, General Secretary (Organisation) BL Santosh apart from Nadda.
  10. ^ a b PTI (26 August 2014). "Out with the old: Advani, MM Joshi, Vajpayee dropped from BJP's parl board". Rediff News. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  11. ^ "What is BJP's parliamentary board of which BSY is a member but Yogi is not?". India Today. Retrieved 6 June 2023.
  12. ^ "BJP rejigs its parliamentary board: Meet the new members". The Indian Express. 17 August 2022. Retrieved 6 June 2023.
  13. ^ Manish Anand (20 September 2019). "Ravi Shankar Prasad, Devendra Fadnavis likely in BJP Parliamentary Board". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 6 April 2020. Currently, there are three vacancies in the Parliamentary Board and eight in the CEC.
  14. ^ IANS (26 August 2014). "BJP names members of new central election committee". Business Standard. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  15. ^ Press Trust of India (10 March 2020). "BJP central election committee meets to select Rajya Sabha candidates". Business Standard.
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  17. ^ FP Politics (19 March 2019). "BJP leader Shahnawaz Hussain loses Bhagalpur ticket to JD(U) in Bihar despite being member of party's central election committee". Firstpost. Retrieved 1 April 2020. Shahnawaz's membership in the BJP's central election committee makes the situation ironic. He now finds himself in an awkward position, not being able to secure a seat for himself even as he sits on this all-important panel with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, BJP chief Amit Shah and bigwigs like Rajnath Singh, Arun Jaitley, Sushma Swaraj, Nitin Gadkari and Shivraj Singh Chouhan.
  18. ^ "National Executive", BJP
  19. ^ "Akhilesh Yadav faces BJP Mahila Morcha protests over Badaun gangrape : North, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
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  21. ^ "BJP Mahila Morcha protests against increasing number of rapes in UP". Business Standard India. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  22. ^ Madhav, Pramod (20 July 2021). "Discussion on 'Kongu Nadu' needed, growth of area pending for years: BJP MLA Vanathi Srinivasan". India Today. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  23. ^ Scroll Staff. "Explainer: Why the 'Overseas Friends of BJP' has registered as a foreign agent in the US". Scroll.in. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  24. ^ Dash, Nivedita; News, India TV (4 July 2023). "Eyeing 2024 elections, BJP appoints new state chiefs in Telangana, Jharkhand, Punjab, Andhra". www.indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 4 July 2023. ((cite web)): |last2= has generic name (help)
  25. ^ "Pakke Kessang Mla Biyuram Wahge New Arunachal Pradesh BJP Chief". 17 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  26. ^ "Bad action draws bad results: Assam BJP president Bhabesh Kalita on Rahul Gandhi's conviction". The Times of India. 24 March 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 4 July 2023.
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  28. ^ "Arun Sao is new BJP chief in Chhattisgarh". IndianExpress. 9 August 2022. Retrieved 9 August 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. ^ "Former MLA Sadanand Tanavade Elected Goa-Bjp Chief".
  30. ^ "BJP appoints CR Patil its Gujarat unit president".
  31. ^ "OP Dhankar appointed BJP's Haryana unit president". 19 July 2020.
  32. ^ "Suresh Kashyap is Himachal Pradesh BJP chief".
  33. ^ "Eye on 2024, BJP appoints new chiefs for Andhra, Jharkhand, Punjab, Telangana". India Today. Retrieved 4 July 2023.
  34. ^ "Nalin Kumar Kateel appointed Karnataka BJP chief". IndiaTvnews. 20 August 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  35. ^ "Nalin Kumar Kateel Re-elected Karnataka BJP chief". www.outlookindia.com. 20 August 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  36. ^ "Surendran, the aggressive face of BJP in Kerala, appointed state president". The New Indian Express. 15 February 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  37. ^ Gopikrishnan Unnithan, P. S.; Noronha, Rahul (16 February 2020). "Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Kerala BJP chiefs appointed". India Today. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  38. ^ "Chandrashekhar Bawankule is new Maharashtra BJP chief... THIS leader will head Mumbai unit". ZEE News. 12 August 2022.
  39. ^ "BJP appoints A Sharda Devi as new party president of Manipur". The Indian Express. 26 June 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  40. ^ "Ernest Mawrie elected as new Meghalaya BJP president". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  41. ^ "Mizoram BJP gets new chief". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 7 January 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  42. ^ "Temjen Imna Along appointed as president of Nagaland BJP". Eastern Mirror. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  43. ^ "Temjen Imna Along re-elected BJP's Nagaland president". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 15 January 2020.
  44. ^ "Ex-minister Manmohan Samal becomes Odisha BJP president". The Times of India. 24 March 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  45. ^ "Sunil Jakhar, Union minister G Kishan Reddy, Babulal Marandi appointed BJP chiefs in Punjab, Telangana and Jharkhand". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 4 July 2023.
  46. ^ मिश्रा, पल्लव (23 March 2023). "राजस्थान में सीपी जोशी को कमान, वसुंधरा को संदेश? बीजेपी ने बनाया 2023 का प्लान!". TheQuint (in Hindi). Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  47. ^ "Sikkim: Bharatiya Janata Party appoints MLA Dr Thapa as party president of state". India Today NE. 4 February 2023. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  48. ^ "Annamalai appointed Tamil Nadu BJP State president". The Hindu. 8 July 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  49. ^ "Major Reshuffle in BJP, G Kishen Reddy Made Party's Telangana Chief, Sunil Jakhar to Head Punjab Unit". News18. 4 July 2023. Retrieved 4 July 2023.
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  51. ^ "Who is Bhupendra Singh Chaudhary, BJP's new state president in UP". TheWeek. 25 August 2022.
  52. ^ "Mahendra Bhatt Appointed Uttarakhand BJP President". Money Control. 30 July 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  53. ^ "Dilip Ghosh appointed West Bengal BJP chief". The Hindu. 11 December 2015.
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  57. ^ "Virendraa Sachdeva appointed as Delhi's new BJP state chief". Hindustan Times. 23 March 2023. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
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  62. ^ "Rahul Gandhi Moves Adjournment Motion in Parliament to Discuss Ladakh's Statehood".

Sources