Organisational Structure of the Bharatiya Janata Party
Organisational Structure of the Bharatiya Janata Party

The organisation of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is based upon the Constitution of the Bharatiya Janata Party.[1] The organisation of the BJP is strictly hierarchical, with the president being the highest authority in the party. The party is considered to be a cadre-based party that draws from the Hindutva-based ideology of its parent organisation, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.[2][3]

As of 2019, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies and is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership.[4]

Parent organisation

The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh is the parent organisation of BJP. BJP also draws its membership from the organisations of the Sangh Parivar.

Departments

BJP IT Cell

BJP Information Technology Cell commonly known as BJP IT Cell is a department of the party to manage social media campaigns for the BJP.[5][6][7]

National level

President

The organisation of the BJP is strictly hierarchical, with the president being the highest authority in the party.[8] According to the party's constitution, the president is elected by an electoral college consisting of the National Council and the State Councils. Until 2012, the BJP constitution mandated that any qualified member could be national or state president for a single three-year term.[8] This was amended to a maximum of two consecutive terms.[9]

National Executive

Below the president is the National Executive, which contains a variable number of senior leaders from across the country appointed by the President of the party. It is the higher decision making body of the party. It consists of several office holders of the party, including up to seven vice- presidents, up to five general secretaries, one general secretary (organisation), one treasurer and up to seven secretaries who work directly with the president.[8] An identical structure, with an executive committee led by a president, exists at the state, regional, district and local level.[8]

National Council

The National Council is the highest policy making body of the party. It is also responsible for rectification of any amendment, alteration and addition to the party constitution by National Executive in the following Plenary Session or Special Session. The National Council along with the State Council also elects the President every three year. The National Council consists of members that are elected by the State Councils, 10% of the parliamentary party, former national Presidents, leaders of state legislative assemblies and state legislative councils, members nominated by the national president, all members of the National Executive, presidents of Morchas and Cells.[1]

State level

There are several State units of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

District Committee

District Committee is a important grassroots level organisation of BJP with one President, Six Vice President and Four General Secretary and Six Secretaries.The District Committee has Others members also.

Mandal

The Mandal Committee of BJP has one president with two general secretary and four secretaries

Membership

I believe in Integral Humanism which is the basic philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party. I am committed to Nationalism and National Integration, Democracy, Gandhian Socialism, Positive Secularism, (Sarva Dharma Sama Bhava) and Value-based politics. I subscribe to the concept of a Secular state and nation not based on religion. I firmly believe that this task can be achieved by peaceful means alone. I do not observe or recognize untouchability in any shape or form. I am not a member of any other political party. I undertake to abide by the Constitution, Rules and Discipline of the Party.

— Bharatiya Janata Party membership pledge[1]

Any Indian citizen of the age of 18 years or above can become a member of the Party, provided that he is not a member of any other political party. The term of membership will ordinarily be of 6 years.[1] As of 2019, it is the world's largest political party in terms of primary membership.[4]

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d "Bharatiya Janata Party Constitution". BJP official website. Bharatiya Janata Party. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  2. ^ Ram Madhav (6 April 2018). "Leader, cadre, parivar". indianexpress.com. Indian Express. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  3. ^ Gyan Varma (2 December 2014). "BJP 2.0: A mass-based political party". livemint.com. Live Mint. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  4. ^ a b "BJP inducts 7 crore new members, creates membership drive record". India Today. 29 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  5. ^ "BJP turns focus on UP IT cell, lays out strategy to boost social media presence for polls". ThePrint. 21 October 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  6. ^ "BJP's IT cell works behind doors for its candidates who are on the front". The Indian Express. 10 December 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  7. ^ "BJP Departments". Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  8. ^ a b c d Swain 2001, pp. 71–104.
  9. ^ Verma, Gyan (28 September 2012). "BJP amends constitution to let Gadkari get second term". Business Standard India. Retrieved 16 March 2021.

Sources