Murli Manohar Joshi
Minister of Human Resource Development
In office
19 March 1998 – 22 May 2004
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byS. R. Bommai
Succeeded byArjun Singh
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
16 May 1996 – 1 June 1996
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byShankarrao Chavan
Succeeded byH. D. Deve Gowda
Minister of Science and Technology
In office
19 March 1998 – 21 May 2004
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded byKapil Sibal
Member of the Lok Sabha
In office
16 May 2014 – 23 May 2019
Preceded bySriprakash Jaiswal
Succeeded bySatyadev Pachauri
In office
16 May 2009 – 16 May 2014
Preceded byRajesh Kumar Mishra
Succeeded byNarendra Modi
In office
Preceded bySaroj Dubey
Succeeded byRewati Raman Singh
In office
Preceded byNarendra Singh Bisht
Succeeded byHarish Rawat
Member of the Rajya Sabha
In office
5 July 1992 – 11 May 1996
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Born (1934-01-05) 5 January 1934 (age 90)
Delhi, British India
(now India)
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
SpouseTarla Joshi
EducationBSc, MSc, PhD
Alma materUniversity of Allahabad
AwardsPadma Vibhushan (2017)

Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi (born 5 January 1934) is an Indian politician. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of which he was the President between 1991 and 1993. Joshi is the former Member of Parliament from Kanpur Lok Sabha constituency.[1] He is a former professor of physics in University of Allahabad. He is one of the senior most leaders of the BJP and one of the founding members. Joshi later became the Union Human Resources & Development Minister in the National Democratic Alliance government.[2] Joshi was awarded Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award, in 2017 by the Government of India.[3] Joshi has been a member of RSS since his college days.

Background and personal life

Joshi was born in Delhi on 5 January 1934. His family hails from Almora in Kumaon region, which is now part of the Uttarakhand state. His father's name was Manmohan Joshi. The family belongs to the Brahmin community. In 1956, Joshi was married to Tarla Joshi, a lady of his own community and similar family background, in a match arranged by their families in the usual Indian way. The lifelong marriage has proven entirely harmonious and conventional. The couple are the parents of two daughters, Nivedita and Priyamvada.[4][5]


Joshi had his early education in Chandpur, district Bijnor and in Almora, from where his family hails. He completed his B.Sc. from Meerut College and M.Sc. from Allahabad University. In Allahabad, one of his teachers was Professor Rajendra Singh, who later became the Sarsanghchalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.

Joshi did his doctorate in physics at Allahabad University. The subject of his doctoral thesis was spectroscopy. He published a research paper in Physics in Hindi, which was a first of its kind.[6] After completing his PhD, Joshi started teaching physics at Allahabad University.[7]

Politics and activism

Joshi came in contact with the RSS in Delhi at a young age and took part in the Cow Protection Movement in 1953–54, in the Kumbh Kisan Andolan of UP in 1955,[8] demanding halving of land revenue assessment. During the Emergency period (1975–1977) in India, Joshi was in jail from 26 June 1975 until the Lok Sabha elections in 1977. He was elected Member of Parliament from Almora. When the Janata Party (which then included his party) came to power forming the first non-Congress government in Indian history, Joshi was elected General Secretary of the Janata Parliamentary Party. After the fall of the government, his party came out of Janata Party in 1980, and formed the Bharatiya Janata Party or the BJP. Joshi first looked after the Central Office as a General Secretary and later became Party Treasurer. As General Secretary of BJP, he was directly in charge of Bihar, Bengal and North-Eastern States. Later, when BJP formed a government in India under Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Joshi served as the Human Resource Development Minister in the cabinet.

In December 1991, Joshi held a yatra, the Ekta Yatra, intended to signal that BJP supported national unity and opposed separatist movements. It began on 11 December in Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu and visited 14 states.[9] The rally's final stop to hoist the Indian flag in Jammu and Kashmir on 26 January 1992 was considered unsuccessful, with minimal local participation.[10]

Joshi is known to have been influenced by the life and work of Babasaheb Ambedkar, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule and Deendayal Upadhyaya. Joshi was a three-term M.P. from Allahabad before he was defeated in the Lok Sabha elections of May 2004. He won election to the 15th Lok Sabha from Varanasi as a BJP candidate.[11] He also served as the home minister for 13 days government in 1996. Joshi was appointed as Chairman of the Manifesto Preparation Board of the BJP in 2009. He was honoured as "Proud Past Alumni" of Allahabad University by Allahabad University Alumni Association.[12][13]

He was a sitting MP from Varanasi and he vacated that seat for Narendra Modi in 2014 Lok Sabha Elections. He later contested from Kanpur and won from the constituency by a margin of 2.23 lac votes.[14]

Awards and honours

The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presenting the Padma Vibhushan Award to Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi, at a Civil Investiture Ceremony, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on March 30, 2017


  1. ^ "Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi". The Times of India.
  2. ^ Debashish Mukerji (15 November 1998). "Our students don know India's problems (Interview with Murli Manohar Joshi)". The Week. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  3. ^ "List of Padma awardees 2017". The Hindu. 25 January 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  4. ^ Jain, Praveen (7 January 2024). "Murli Manohar Joshi turns 90: Well-wishers flock to Raisina Road to celebrate life of BJP stalwart". ThePrint. Retrieved 19 January 2024.
  5. ^ Varma, Pavan K (14 January 2024). "Joshi at 90: The storied journey of a politician". Retrieved 19 January 2024.
  6. ^ "Evolution of Dr Joshi - Welcome to Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi". Archived from the original on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  7. ^ "डॉ मुरली मनोहर जोशी: फिजिक्स के इस प्रोफेसर ने लिखी थी हिंदी में थिसिस, बाद में बने बीजेपी की 'तीसरी धरोहर'". ABP Live (in Hindi).
  8. ^ Patrick, French; French, Patrick (27 January 2011). India: A Portrait. Penguin Books Limited. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-14-194700-6.
  9. ^ Sharma, Naresh Kumar (22 January 2011). "BJP to go ahead with Ekta Yatra in Kashmir". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  10. ^ Bamzai, Kaveree (15 February 1992). "BJP flag-hoisting ceremony in Srinagar turns out to be a damp squib, militancy gets a boost". India Today. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  11. ^ Dikshit, Rajeev (16 May 2009). "Joshi beats Mukhtar with big margin Varanasi News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Allahbad University Alumni Association : Our Proud Past". 10 November 2018. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  13. ^ "Our Proud Past". 10 November 2018. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. ^ "Constituency wise-All Candidates". 17 May 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.