B. K. Anand
Born(1917-09-18)18 September 1917
Died2 April 2007(2007-04-02) (aged 89)
Alma materKing George Medical College, Lucknow
AwardsPadma Shri
Scientific career
InstitutionsLady Hardinge Medical College,
All India Institute of Medical Sciences

Bal Krishan Anand (1917–2007) was an Indian physiologist and pharmacologist. He was credited for the discovery of the feeding centre in the hypothalamus in 1951.[1] He is considered the founder of modern Neurophysiology in India.[2]

He was born in Lahore as Bal Krishan Anand in 1917. He graduated from King George Medical College in 1940 and obtained his M.D. degree in 1948. He joined in 1949 the Lady Hardinge Medical College as Professor of Physiology.

He went to Yale University as a Fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation in 1950 and worked with John Brobeck. They had published their research work in 1951.[3] He \ returned to India in 1952 and continued his research at Lady Hardinge Medical College.

He joined the All India Institute of Medical Sciences as its first professor in the Department of Physiology in 1956. He was instrumental in establishing the guidelines of education for M.B., B.S. and Postgraduate students. [citation needed] He became Dean of that Institute.[citation needed]

He was instrumental in the establishment of Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences in 1982.[citation needed]




  1. ^ Obituary, Professor B. K. Anand, by Jayasree Sengupta, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2007, Vol. 51(2), pp:103-4.
  2. ^ Review of Prof. B.K. Anand's scientific study: fifty years following his discovery of the feeding centre. H N Mallick, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 2001, 45(3), pp:269-95.
  3. ^ Anand B K and Brobeck J R. Hypothalamic control of food intake in rats and cats. Yale J. Biol. Med. 24:123-40, 1951.
  4. ^ a b "INSA Fellow". Indian National Science Academy. 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.