Nitya Anand (born 1 January 1925 in Layallpur, British India) is a medical chemist who was the director of Central Drug Research Institute in Lucknow from 1974 to 1984. In 2005, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) appointed him chairman of its scientific committee. In 2012, he was awarded the Padma Shri by the Indian government.
Anand earned his Bachelor's of Science degree from the Government College University Lahore in 1943 and his Master's degree in Chemistry from St. Stephen's College in 1945. In 1948, Anand was awarded a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the Institute of Chemical Technology in Mumbai. He received his second Ph.D. from St. John's College at Cambridge University. He then worked as a post-doctoral researcher at Harvard Medical School in 1958. 
Anand is currently the chairman of Ranbaxy Science Foundation (RSF). He is the joint author of the book "Art in Organic Synthesis" which was published in 1969. Anand is also a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy.
Recipients of Padma Shri in Medicine