16th Lok Sabha
15th Lok Sabha 17th Lok Sabha
Legislative bodyIndian Parliament
Election2014 Indian general election

Members of the 16th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2014 Indian general election. The elections were conducted in 9 phases from 7 April 2014 to 12 May 2014 by the Election Commission of India.[1] The results of the election were declared on 16 May 2014.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (of the NDA) achieved an absolute majority with 282 seats out of 543, 166 seats more than in the previous 15th Lok Sabha. Its PM candidate Narendra Modi took office on 26 May 2014 as the 14th prime minister of India. The first session was convened from 4 to 11 June 2014.[2]

There was no leader of the opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha as the Indian Parliament rules state that a party in the Lok Sabha must have at least 10% (55) of the total seats (545) to be considered the opposition party. The Indian National Congress (of the UPA) could only manage 44 seats, while the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party from Tamil Nadu came a close third with 37 seats. Mallikarjun Kharge was declared the leader of the Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha.[3]

Five sitting members from Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of Indian Parliament, were elected to 16th Lok Sabha after the 2014 Indian general election.[4]

The pro-tem Speaker Kamal Nath was administered oath on 4 June 2014[5] & presided over the election of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. Sumitra Mahajan was elected as its Speaker on 6 June 2014[6] and would remain in office until the day before the first sitting of the 17th Lok Sabha.[7] M Thambidurai was elected as Deputy Speaker on 13 August 2014.[8]


Main article: List of members of the 16th Lok Sabha

Seat distribution in the 16th Lok Sabha

Party-wise Distribution of Seats

Following 36 political parties were represented in 16th Lok Sabha:[9]

Party Abbr. Seats Leader in Lok Sabha
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 282 Narendra Modi
Indian National Congress INC 44 Mallikarjun Kharge[10]
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 37 Ponnusamy Venugopal / M. Thambidurai[11]
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 33 Sudip Bandyopadhyay[12]
Biju Janata Dal BJD 18 Bhartruhari Mahtab
Shiv Sena SS 18 Anant Geete[13]
Telugu Desam Party TDP 15 Thota Narasimham[14]
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 10 A. P. Jithender Reddy[15]
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 9 P. Karunakaran
Samajwadi Party SP 7 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 6 Ram Vilas Paswan[16]
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 6 Supriya Sule
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 4 Bhagwant Mann[17]
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 4 Jay Prakash Narayan Yadav
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 4 Ranjit Singh Brahmpura
YSR Congress Party YSRCP 8 Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 3 Badruddin Ajmal
Independents IND 3 -
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 3 Upendra Kushwaha
Apna Dal AD 2 Anupriya Patel
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 2 Charanjeet Singh Rori
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 2 E. T. Mohammed Basheer
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 2 H. D. Deve Gowda
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 2 Kaushalendra Kumar
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 2 Shibu Soren
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1 Asaduddin Owaisi
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 1 R. Radhakrishnan
Communist Party of India CPI 1 C. N. Jayadevan
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1 Farooq Abdullah
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party JKPDP 1 Muzaffar Hussain Baig
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 1 Tokheho Yepthomi
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1 Anbumani Ramadoss
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1 Begum Tabassum Hasan
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1 N. K. Premachandran
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1 Prem Das Rai
Swabhimani Paksha SWP 1 Raju Shetti
Nominated Anglo-Indians (Bharatiya Janata Party) NOM 2 Richard Hay and George Baker
Vacant 26 [18] (Anantnag, Ongole, Kadapa, Nellore, Tirupati, Rajampet, Kottayam, Kendrapara, Tura, Katihar, Begusarai, Bangalore South, Wayanad, Kishanganj, Ladakh, Malkajgiri, Peddapalle, Chhindwara, Durg, Khajuraho, Dewas, Ajmer, Dausa, Aska, Viluppuram and Jadavpur)

Criminal background

Case-wise distribution of the 542 members of the 16th Lok Sabha.[19]

  With serious criminal cases (33.68%)
  With non-serious criminal cases (13.47%)
  Without any criminal cases (66%)

About one-third of all winners had at least one pending criminal case against them, with some having serious criminal cases.[20]

* Criteria for "serious" criminal cases:[19]

  1. Offence for which maximum punishment is of 5 years or more.
  2. If an offense is non-bailable.
  3. If it is an electoral offense (e.g. IPC 171E or bribery).
  4. Offence related to loss to the exchequer.
  5. Offences that are assault, murder, kidnap, rape-related.
  6. Offences that are mentioned in the Representation of the People Act (Section 8).
  7. Offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act.
  8. Crimes against women.

Compared to the 15th Lok Sabha, there was an increase of members with criminal cases. In 2009, 158 (30%) of the 521 members analyzed had criminal cases, of which 77 (15%) had serious criminal cases.[19][21]

Financial background

Asset-wise distribution of the 543 members in the 16th Lok Sabha.[19]

  Assets > 10 crore (US$1.3 million) (24.35%)
  Assets between 5 crore (US$630,000) and 10 crore (US$1.3 million) (12.92%)
  Assets between 1 crore (US$130,000) and 5 crore (US$630,000) (44.46%)
  Assets < 1 crore (US$130,000) (18.27%)

As of May 2014, out of the 542 members analysed, 443 (82%) are having assets of 1 crore (US$130,000) or more. In the 15th Lok Sabha, out of 521 members analysed, 300 (58%) members had assets of 1 crore (US$130,000) or more.[19]

The average assets per member are 14.7 crore (US$1.8 million) (in 2009, this figure was 5.35 crore (US$670,000)).

Political party No. of members Average assets per member[19]
BJP 281 11.5 crore (US$1.4 million)
INC 44 13.2 crore (US$1.7 million)
AIADMK 37 6.4 crore (US$800,000)
AITC 34 2.5 crore (US$310,000)
Others 146 25.0 crore (US$3.1 million)
Total 542 (Excluding Speaker) 14.7 crore (US$1.8 million)


Age-wise distribution of the 542 members in the 16th Lok Sabha as of 16 May 2018[22]

Age Group No. of members
Age> 80 8
Age between 71 and 80 53
Age between 61 and 70 161
Age between 51 and 60 164
Age between 41 and 50 103
Age <= 40 46
Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.
A graph of % of bills referred to Parliamentary committees

Membership by party

Main article: List of members of the 16th Lok Sabha

No. of Lok Sabha MP's partywise :
(As on 25 August 2021)

Alliance Party No. of MPs Leader of the Party
National Democratic Alliance
Seats: 353
BJP 282 Narendra Modi
AIADMK 37 P. Ravindhranath
SHS 18 Vinayak Raut
SAD 4 Harsimrat Kaur Badal
JD(U) 2 Rajiv Ranjan
RLJP 6 Ram Vilas Paswan
AD(S) 2 Anupriya Patel
NDPP 1 T.Yepthomi
NPEP 1 Agatha Sangma
SKM 1 I.H Subba
Independent 3 Independent
United Progressive Alliance
Seats: 86
INC 52 Mallikarjun Kharge
TDP 17 K Ram Mohan Naidu
NCP 5 Supriya Sule
JKNC 3 Farooq Abdullah
IUML 3 E. T. Mohammed Basheer
JD(S) 2 H. D. Deve Gowda
JMM 2 Shibu Soren
RSP 1 Premchandran
VCK 1 T.Thirumavalan
Opposition - Others
Seats: 116
TMC 34 Sudip Bandyopadhyay
YSRCP 8 Midhun Reddy
BJD 21 Pinaki Misra
TRS 11 Nageswara Rao
SP 5 Mulayam Yadav
CPI(M) 9 P R Natarajan
CPI 1 K. Subbarayan
AIMIM 2 A. Owaisi
AAP 4 Bhagwant Mann


During the tenure of the 16th Lok Sabha, 21% of bills were referred to Parliamentary committees for examination[23][24]


  1. ^ "General Elections – 2014 : Schedule of Elections" (PDF). 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  2. ^ "First Session of 16th Lok Sabha scheduled from June 4 to 11". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Kharge to lead Congress in Lok Sabha". @businessline. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Bye - elections to the Council of State s from various States" (PDF). ECI, New Delhi. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  5. ^ Ashok, Akash Deep (4 June 2014). "Pro tem Speaker: All you need to know about this parliamentary post". India Today. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Sumitra Mahajan elected Lok Sabha Speaker | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  7. ^ "The Office of Speaker Lok Sabha". speakerloksabha.nic.in. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Thambidurai unanimously elected Lok Sabha deputy speaker". Rediff. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  10. ^ "Rahul ducks, Kharge to lead Congress in Lok Sabha". Hindustan Times. 2 June 2014.
  11. ^ L. Renganathan (18 August 2014). "Venugopal to become AIADMK leader in LS". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Sudip Bandopadhyay to be TMC party leader in Lok Sabha". Kolkata: Zee News. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Sena MP's 'saffron flag atop Red Fort' remark invites Opposition ire". Indian Express. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Satyanarayana Chowdary named TDP Parliamentary Party leader". The Economic Times. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Jitender Reddy to lead TRS MPs in LS". The Hindu. Hyderabad. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  16. ^ "Ram Vilas Paswan elected LJSP parliamentary party leader". The Economic Times. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  17. ^ "Aam Aadmi party rebels get the boot but it's Ashish Khetan kicking and screaming". 22 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Association for Democratic Reforms". Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  20. ^ "A third of MPs have criminal cases, Shiv Sena tops list: report". NDTV.com.
  21. ^ "Every third newly-elected MP has criminal background - The Times of India". The Times of India.
  22. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  23. ^ "The Importance of Parliamentary Committees". PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  24. ^ "Only one bill in monsoon session sent to parliamentary committee". mint. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2021.