States Election Commission (India) is an autonomous and Constitutional body constituted in States and Union Territories of India for ensuring that elections are conducted in free, fair and unbiased way. Constitution of India with provisions as per Article 324 safeguards the powers of Election Commission. States Election Commission in India are responsible for elections for Urban Local Bodies like Municipalities, Municipal Corporations, Panchayats and any other specified by Election Commission of India. They are appointed by Governor of state.

History and administration

State Election Commission in India for respective states were formed in accordance with powers of Election Commission of India, which was constituted in year 1950[1] to supervise state level elections.[2] State election commissioner is appointed by Governor.[3][4] To ensure the autonomy of the position the state election commissioner cannot be removed from office except on the grounds and manner specified for judge of High Court.

Responsibilities

States Election Commission in India are responsible for the following:[1][5]

Structure

The State Election Commissioner is the head of the commission and is assisted by additional commissioners and secretaries.

At the district level, the conduct and supervision of the elections are the responsibility of the district collector/district magistrate. The Collector is assisted by various government department officials at the time of the election. The returning officer (RO), assistant returning officer (ARO), and booth-level officer (BLO) are the other officials, respectively. 

Composition

State Election Commission consists of Chief Electoral Officer[2] and as many members and staff specified as are required by the Acts of respective State Governments. State Election Commissioners are independent persons not holding position or office in any Central or State Government organisations.[6]

Constitutional requirements

State Election Commission was formed after amendment of Constitution with 73rd and 74th declaration.[7] State Election Commissions were formed as per Article 243K of the Constitution, similar to setting up of Election commission of India as per Article 324.[2]

List of state election commissions

Following is the list of Election Commissions for each state and union territory in India:[8]

State Election Commission
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Election Commission
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh State Election Commission
Assam Assam State Election Commission
Bihar Bihar State Election Commission
Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh State Election Commission
Delhi Delhi State Election Commission
Goa Goa State Election Commission
Gujarat Gujarat State Election Commission
Haryana Haryana State Election Commission
Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh State Election Commission
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir State Election Commission
Jharkhand Jharkhand State Election Commission
Karnataka Karnataka State Election Commission
Kerala Kerala State Election Commission
Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh State Election Commission
Maharashtra Maharashtra State Election Commission
Manipur Manipur State Election Commission
Meghalaya Meghalaya State Election Commission
Mizoram Mizoram State Election Commission
Nagaland Nagaland State Election Commission
Odisha Odisha State Election Commission
Punjab Punjab State Election Commission
Puducherry Puducherry State Election Commission
Rajasthan Rajasthan State Election Commission
Sikkim Sikkim State Election Commission
Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu State Election Commission
Telangana Telangana State Election Commission
Tripura Tripura State Election Commission
Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh State Election Commission
Uttarakhand Uttarakhand State Election Commission
West Bengal West Bengal State Election Commission

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "WHAT IS ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA (ECI)?". Business Standard India. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "State election panels: Independent of central EC, with similar powers". The Indian Express. 12 April 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  3. ^ "India Code: Section Details". www.indiacode.nic.in. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  4. ^ "State Election Commissioner Conditions of Service Rules, 1994". www.bareactslive.com. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  5. ^ "Election Commission directs all state electoral officers to immediately redress all pending voter applications". The Statesman. 23 November 2021. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  6. ^ "State election commissioners should be independent, says SC". www.telegraphindia.com. 13 March 2021.
  7. ^ "India State Election - Find information of all State elections in India". www.elections.in. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  8. ^ "state-wise". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 7 December 2021.