Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabhā ke Upādhyakṣa
Emblem of India (without motto).svg
Flag of India.svg
Incumbent
Vacant

since 23 June 2019
Style
StatusDeputy Chairman
Member ofLok Sabha
Reports to
AppointerMembers of the Lok Sabha
Formation30 May 1952; 70 years ago (1952-05-30)
First holderM. A. Ayyangar

The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha (IAST: Lok Sabhā Upādhyakṣa) is the second highest ranking legislative officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. They act as the presiding officer in case of leave or absence caused by death or illness of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. It is by convention that the position of Deputy Speaker is offered to the opposition party in India.[1]

The Deputy Speaker is elected in the first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General elections for a term of five years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. They hold office until either they cease to be a member of the Lok Sabha or they resign. They can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by an effective majority of its members.[2] In effective majority, the majority should be 50% or more than 50% of total strength of the house after removing the vacancies. Since the Deputy Speaker is accountable for the Lok Sabha, the elimination is done by the effective majority in Lok Sabha only. There is no need to resign from their original party though as a Deputy Speaker, they have to remain impartial.

The parliamentary convention for the Republic of India is for the Deputy Speaker to come from the Opposition benches. As of March 2021, uniquely in the history of the Republic, the Lok Sabha approaches two years of a vacant Deputy Speaker seat.[3]

List

Key
  AIADMK   (1)   APHLC   (1)   BJP   (3)   DMK   (1)   INC   (7)   SAD   (1)
No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Elected Constituency Term of office[4] Lok Sabha
(Election)
Speaker Political Party[a]
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
1
M.A. Ayyangar.jpg
M. A. Ayyangar
(1891–1978)
Tirupati 30 May 1952 7 March 1956 3 years, 282 days 1st
(1952 election)
G. V. Mavalankar Indian National Congress
2
Sardar Hukam Singh.jpg
Hukam Singh
(1895–1983)
Bathinda 20 March 1956 4 April 1957 5 years, 333 days M. A. Ayyangar
17 May 1957 31 March 1962 2nd
(1957 election)
3
No image available.svg
S. V. Krishnamurthy
(1902–1968)
Shimoga 23 April 1962 3 March 1967 4 years, 314 days 3rd
(1962 election)
Sardar Hukam Singh
4
R.K. Khadilkar.jpg
R. K. Khadilkar
(1905–1979)
Khed 28 March 1967 1 November 1969 2 years, 218 days 4th
(1967 election)
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

G. S. Dhillon

5
No image available.svg
G. G. Swell
(1923–1999)
Shillong 9 December 1969 27 December 1970 6 years, 315 days G. S. Dhillon

Bali Ram Bhagat

All Party Hill Leaders Conference
27 March 1971 18 January 1977 5th
(1971 election)
6
Godey Murahari.jpg
Godey Murahari
(1926–1982)
Vijayawada 1 April 1977 22 August 1979 2 years, 143 days 6th
(1977 election)
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

K. S. Hegde

Indian National Congress
7
No image available.svg
G. Lakshmanan
(1924–2001)
Chennai North 1 December 1980 31 December 1984 4 years, 30 days 7th
(1980 election)
Balram Jakhar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
8
MThambidurai.jpg
M. Thambidurai
(1947–)
Dharmapuri 22 January 1985 27 November 1989 4 years, 309 days 8th
(1984 election)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
9
Shivraj Patil.jpg
Shivraj Patil
(1935–)
Latur 19 March 1990 13 March 1991 359 days 9th
(1989 election)
Rabi Ray Indian National Congress (Indira)
10
No image available.svg
S. Mallikarjunaiah
(1931–2014)
Tumkur 13 August 1991 10 May 1996 4 years, 271 days 10th
(1991 election)
Shivraj Patil Bharatiya Janata Party
11
Suraj Bhan.jpg
Suraj Bhan
(1928–2006)
Ambala 12 July 1996 4 December 1997 1 year, 145 days 11th
(1996 election)
P. A. Sangma
12
No image available.svg
P. M. Sayeed
(1941–2005)
Lakshadweep 17 December 1998 26 April 1999 4 years, 232 days 12th
(1998 election)
G. M. C. Balayogi Indian National Congress
27 October 1999 6 February 2004 13th
(1999 election)
G. M. C. Balayogi
Manohar Joshi
13
No image available.svg
Charanjit Singh Atwal
(1937–)
Phillaur 9 June 2004 18 May 2009 4 years, 343 days 14th
(2004 election)
Somnath Chatterjee Shiromani Akali Dal
14
No image available.svg
Kariya Munda
(1936–)
Khunti 3 June 2009 18 May 2014 4 years, 349 days 15th
(2009 election)
Meira Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party
(8)
MThambidurai.jpg
M. Thambidurai
(1947–)
Karur 13 August 2014[§] 25 May 2019 4 years, 285 days 16th
(2014 election)
Sumitra Mahajan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Vacant (Since 23 June 2019)

Statistics

List of deputy speakers by length of term
No. Name Party Length of term
Longest continuous term Total years of deputy speakership
1 M. Thambidurai AIADMK 4 years, 309 days 9 years, 229 days
2 G. G. Swell APHLC 5 years, 297 days 6 years, 315 days
3 Hukam Singh INC 4 years, 318 days 5 years, 333 days
4 Kariya Munda BJP 4 years, 349 days 4 years, 349 days
5 Charanjit Singh Atwal SAD 4 years, 343 days 4 years, 343 days
6 S. V. Krishnamurthy INC 4 years, 314 days 4 years, 314 days
7 S. Mallikarjunaiah BJP 4 years, 271 days 4 years, 271 days
8 P. M. Sayeed INC 4 years, 102 days 4 years, 232 days
9 G. Lakshmanan DMK 4 years, 30 days 4 years, 30 days
10 M. A. Ayyangar INC 3 years, 282 days 3 years, 282 days
11 R. K. Khadilkar INC 2 years, 218 days 2 years, 218 days
12 Godey Murahari INC 2 years, 143 days 2 years, 143 days
13 Suraj Bhan BJP 1 year, 145 days 1 year, 145 days
14 Shivraj Patil INC(I) 359 days 359 days

See also

References

  1. ^ "J. Jayalalithaa's partyman M. Thambidurai is unanimous choice for Deputy Speaker".
  2. ^ Deogaonkar, S. G. (1997). Parliamentary System in India. New Delhi: Concept Publishing. pp. 48–9. ISBN 81-7022-651-1.
  3. ^ "Convention of electing the Deputy Speaker from the Opposition should be upheld". The Hindu. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  4. ^ The ordinal number of the term being served by the person specified in the row in the corresponding period

Notelist

  1. ^ This column only names the deputy speaker's party. The deputy speaker may elected by coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.