Bal Ram Jakhar
14th Governor of Madhya Pradesh
In office
20 July 2004 – 19 July 2009
Chief MinisterUma Bharti
Babulal Gaur
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Preceded byLt. Gen. K. M. Seth (Acting)
Succeeded byRameshwar Thakur
Governor of Gujarat
Additional Charge
In office
12 July 2004 – 24 July 2004
Chief MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byKailashpati Mishra
Succeeded byNawal Kishore Sharma
19th Minister of Agriculture
In office
21 June 1991 – 17 January 1996
Prime MinisterP. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded byDevi Lal
Succeeded byJagannath Mishra
8th Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
22 January 1980 – 27 November 1989
DeputyG. Lakshmanan
M. Thambi Durai
Preceded byK. S. Hegde
Succeeded byRabi Ray
Leader of Opposition of the Punjab Legislative Assembly
In office
19 June 1977 – 17 February 1980
Preceded byPrakash Singh Badal
Succeeded byPrakash Singh Badal
Personal details
Born(1923-08-23)23 August 1923
Panjkosi, Punjab, British India
Died3 February 2016(2016-02-03) (aged 92)[1]
Delhi, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
ChildrenSunil Jakhar, Sajjan Jakhar, Surinder Jakhar
ProfessionFarmer, Politician

Bal Ram Jakhar (23 August 1923 – 3 February 2016) was an Indian politician, who served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Governor of Madhya Pradesh. He was also the longest serving Speaker of the Lok Sabha.

Early life and education

Jakhar was born in a HinduJat family in Panjkosi village of Fazilka district in Punjab now in Fazilka on 23 August 1923. His father was Chaudhari Rajaram Jakhar and his mother was Pattodevi Jakhar migrated to Pankosi from Montgomery District of West Punjab in 1900.Jakhar earned a degree in Sanskrit from Forman Christian College, Lahore, in 1945. He had knowledge of English, Punjabi, Urdu, Sanskrit and Hindi languages.


A lifelong member of the Congress party, Jakhar founded the Bharatiya Krishak Samaj, a farmers' organization, in 1965. He was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1972 and was re-elected in 1977, becoming the Leader of the Opposition.

Speaker Jakhar (center) with Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother at a Commonwealth Conference.

Jakhar then moved to national politics. He was elected in 1980 to the seventh Lok Sabha from Ferozepur and in 1984 to the eighth Lok Sabha from Sikar. He had the distinction of being elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha during his very first term in the house. Furthermore, served twice as Speaker of Lok Sabha, a rare achievement in Indian parliament history, holding office from 1980 to 1989, thus became the longest serving speaker in history. As Speaker of Lok Sabha, he promoted automation and computerization of Parliamentary works. He promoted Parliament library, reference, research, documentation and information services for the knowledge and use of members of Parliament. The establishment of Parliament Museum was his contribution. He was the first Asian to be elected Chairman of the Commonwealth Parliamentarian Executive Forum.

He was an attendee of the second Provisional World Parliament held in New Delhi on March 17, 1985.[2]

The Sikar parliamentary seat was won by Devi Lal in the elections of 1989. In 1991, Jakhar was again elected to parliament from the Sikar constituency and his party returned to power in India. Jakhar was made Union Agriculture minister under Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao in 1991.

After the Congress party returned to power in 2004, he was appointed Governor of Madhya Pradesh and served from 30 June 2004 to 30 May 2009.[3]

Personal life

Jakhar was born into an affluent land-owning Hindu Jat family. His father was Chaudhari Rajaram Jakhar and his mother was Pattodevi Jakhar. Balram Jakhar was the father of three sons:


  1. ^ "Balram Jakhar passes away". The Hindu. 4 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Ram Niwas Mirdha News Photo (From left to right) Ram Ni..." Times Of India. Retrieved 17 August 2023.
  3. ^ "Official Webpage on Loksabha Website". National Informatics Centre, New Delhi. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
  4. ^ Service, Tribune News. "Sandeep fourth Jakhar to enter election arena". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
Lok Sabha Preceded byMohinder Singh Sayanwala Member of Parliamentfor Ferozepur 1980–1984 Succeeded byGurdial Singh Dhillon Preceded byKumbharam Arya Member of Parliamentfor Sikar 1984–1989 Succeeded byDevi Lal Preceded byDevi Lal Member of Parliamentfor Sikar 1991–1996 Succeeded byDr. Hari Singh Political offices Preceded byK. S. Hegde Speaker of the Lok Sabha 22 January 1980 – 18 December 1989 Succeeded byRabi Ray Preceded byKailashpati Mishra Governor of Gujarat (Acting) July 2004 – July 2004 Succeeded byNawal Kishore Sharma Preceded byLt. Gen. K. M. Seth (Acting) Governor of Madhya Pradesh 30 June 2004 – 29 June 2009 Succeeded byRameshwar Thakur