Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Chouhan in 2015
17th Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
In office
23 March 2020 – 12 December 2023
GovernorLalji Tandon
Anandiben Patel
(Additional Charge)
Mangubhai C. Patel
Preceded byKamal Nath
Succeeded byMohan Yadav
In office
29 November 2005 (2005-11-29) – 12 December 2018 (2018-12-12)
Preceded byBabulal Gaur
Succeeded byKamal Nath
National Vice President of Bharatiya Janata Party
In office
11 January 2019 (2019-01-11) – 26 September 2020
PresidentJ. P. Nadda
President of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha
In office
2000 (2000)–2002 (2002)
Preceded byRamashish Rai
Succeeded byG. Kishan Reddy
Member of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
2006 (2006)
Preceded byRajendra Singh
ConstituencyBudhni
In office
1990 (1990)–1991 (1991)
Preceded byChauhan Singh
Succeeded byMohan Lal Shishir
ConstituencyBudhni
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
1991 (1991)–2005 (2005)
Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded byRampal Singh
ConstituencyVidisha
Leader of the House in Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
In office
26 September 2020 – 13 December 2023
In office
29 November 2005 – 12 December 2018
Personal details
Born (1959-03-05) 5 March 1959 (age 64)
Sehore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
SpouseSadhna Singh Chouhan
Children2
Parents
  • Prem Singh Chouhan[2] (father)
  • Sundar Bai Chauhan[1] (mother)
RelativesSurjeet Singh Chouhan, Rohit Singh Chouhan
Alma materBarkatullah University (MA Philosophy)
Signature
Websiteshivrajsinghchouhan.org
NicknameMama[3] (meaning: Maternal Uncle in English)

Shivraj Singh Chouhan (born 5 March 1959), is an Indian politician and member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh from 2020 to 2023 and previously from 2005 to 2018 and a Member of Legislative Assembly in Madhya Pradesh from Budhni since 2006 and previously from 1990 to 1991.[4] He is the longest serving Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh.[5][6]

He was also the former National Vice President of Bharatiya Janata Party from 2019 to 2020, a member of the Parliamentary Board and a member of the Central Election Committee of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was the National President of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha from 2000 to 2002. He was also Member of Lok Sabha representing Vidisha from 1991 to 2005. As a leader of the BJP, Chouhan served as General Secretary and President of Madhya Pradesh state unit. He joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in 1972, as a 13-year-old.

He is known for launching various welfare schemes such as the rice at Rs 1 per kg for the poverty-stricken, Sambal scheme that provided women labourers with maternity assistance, free education for poverty-stricken girls, electricity at a fixed rate, Ladli Laxmi Yojana and Beti Bachao Abhiyan.[7] These welfare schemes introduction by Chauhan is attributed for the BJP's electoral victory in 2008, 2013 and 2023 assembly elections.[7]

Early life and education

Shivraj Singh Chouhan was born in a Kirar family to Prem Singh Chouhan and his wife Sundar Bai Chouhan in the Jait village of Sehore district,[8][9] and belongs to the Kirar community.[10][11] He is a gold medalist in M. A. (Philosophy) from Barkatullah University Bhopal.[12] He is an agriculturist by profession.[citation needed]

Early political career

His early political career can be defined as up to the point of his first election to the Lok Sabha. He was elected President of the Model School Students Union in 1975.[13] From 1976 to 1977, he participated in underground movement against the Emergency and was imprisoned in Bhopal Jail for some time.

In his early political career, he has also been[citation needed]:

Political career

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Piyush Goyal distributing the LED Bulbs to the citizens at the launch of the UJALA Scheme in Madhya Pradesh, at Bhopal

Chouhan was first elected to the State Assembly from Budhni Constituency in 1990. He was elected a Member of Parliament for the first time in his career in 10th Lok Sabha from Vidisha Constituency in the following year.

In 1996, he was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha (his second term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resources Development and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development from 1996 to 1997 and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development, General Secretary of BJP, Madhya Pradesh from 1997 to 1998.

Again in 1998, he was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (third term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and its Sub-Committee on Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment from 1998 to 1999.

His fourth term in the 13th Lok Sabha was from 1999. He was member of Committee on Agriculture from 1999 to 2000, member of Committee on Public Undertakings from 1999 to 2001, and National President of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha from 2000 to 2003. He was also the Chairman of House Committee (Lok Sabha) and National Secretary of Bhartiya Janta Party.

The BJP swept Madhya Pradesh in the Assembly elections of December 2003. At that time, Shivraj Singh contested polls unsuccessfully against the incumbent Chief Minister Digvijaya Singh from Raghogarh.

He was a member of Consultative Committee, ministry of Communications from 2000 to 2004. He was re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (5th term) in 2004, with a margin of over 260,000 votes. He was member of Committee on Agriculture, member of Joint Committee on Offices of Profit, National General Secretary of BJP, Secretary of Parliamentary Board, and Secretary (Central Election Committee). He also headed Housing Committee of Lok Sabha, and was a member of Committee on Ethics.

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh

Shivraj Singh Chouhan's visit at Bunder

As the state BJP President, Chouhan was chosen to become the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on 30 November 2005. He contested a by-election from Budhni assembly constituency the following year, winning his old seat by a margin of over 36,000 votes.

In 2008, Chouhan retained his Budhni seat by over 41,000 votes, and with it, led the BJP to a second consecutive victory in the state. On 12 December 2008, he was sworn in for his second term.

On 8 December 2013, Chouhan won Legislative Assembly elections from Budhni by the margin of 84,805 from a candidate of Congress. He was also elected as Chief Minister of MP for a third term.[14]

On 12 December 2018, after failing to gain a majority in the 2018 Madhya Pradesh assembly election, Chouhan resigned as Chief Minister.[15] He once again took oath as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on 23 March 2020 after 22 Congress MLA's resigned along with Jyotiraditya Scindia resulting in the collapse of the Kamal Nath government.[16] As of December 2023, Chouhan is the longest-serving chief minister from the Bharatiya Janata Party.[17]

Awards and recognition

See also

References

  1. ^ Live, A. B. P. (15 January 2023). "सीएम शिवराज सिंह चौहान ने अपनी मां को अपशब्द कहने वालों को किया माफ, साथ ही कही ये बड़ी बात". www.abplive.com (in Hindi). ABP Live. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  2. ^ "मध्य प्रदेश के पूर्व CM शिवराज सिंह चौहान के पिता का मुंबई में निधन". आज तक (in Hindi). Aaj Tak. Aaj Tak. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  3. ^ Kritvi Paliwal (23 December 2018). "Madhya Pradesh's maverick Mamaji: A look back at Shivraj Singh Chouhan's politics and controversies". Firstpost. Retrieved 7 April 2020.;
    PTI (12 December 2018). "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: The 'Mama' who held sway in Madhya Pradesh for 13 years". Economic Times. Retrieved 7 April 2020. From being called "Paon paon wale bhaiya" (foot soldier) by villagers to being addressed as "Mama" (maternal uncle) by children, Shivraj Singh Chouhan just four days ago said he is the "biggest pollster" and predicted a BJP victory in Madhya Pradesh.;
    Shyamendra Parihar. "CM शिवराज ने बताया, उन्हें लोग क्यों कहते हैं मामा". m.patrika.com. Patrika. Retrieved 7 April 2020. सीएम शिवराज सिंह चौहान को सब मामा कहते हैं और देश की मीडिया भी उन्हें मामा के नाम से भी बुलाती है। यह सवाल सभी के मन में रहता है कि उन्हें मामा क्यों कहा जाता है? एक निजी न्यूज चैनल को दिए गए इंटरव्यू में जब यही सवाल सीएम शिवराज से पूछा गया तो उन्होंने कहा कि मामा का वैसे तो अर्थ होता है कि मां का भाई,लेकिन इसका एक व्यापक अर्थ भी है। वो कहते हैं कि जिसके दिल में बेटियों के लिए दो मां का प्यार हो वहीं होता है मां-मां यानि कि मामा। इसलिए उन्हें लोग मामा कहकर बुलाते हैं।
  4. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Shivraj Singh still calls himself CM of Madhya Pradesh. Only this time it means something else". India Today. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  6. ^ "BJP considers 'larger' roles for Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Raman Singh, Vasundhara Raje". The Indian Express. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: The story of a transformation". The Indian Express. 16 June 2023. Retrieved 16 June 2023.
  8. ^ "I am proud to have taken birth in Kirar Samaj — CM Shri Chouhan". bharateseva.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  9. ^ "Chouhan's son of the soil image proves to be winner, again". Indian Express. 8 December 2013.
  10. ^ "I am proud to have taken birth in Kirar Samaj — CM Shri Chouhan". bharateseva.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  11. ^ Ganguly, Sumit; Diamond, Larry; Plattner, Marc F. (13 August 2007). The State of India's Democracy. JHU Press. p. 74. ISBN 9780801887918 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ "Barkatullah Universities Website". Archived from the original on 6 October 2006.
  13. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan, a humble victor". India Today. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: the 'mama' with staying power". NDTV. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  15. ^ "Election Results LIVE Updates: Shivraj Singh Chouhan to resign as Madhya Pradesh CM; Mayawati declares support for Congress". Firstpost. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Four months after taking charge in MP, Shivraj Singh Chouhan tests COVID positive, hospitalised". The Indian Express. 26 July 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Opinion: The curious case of BJP's longest-serving Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan". India Today. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  18. ^ "NDTV's Leaders of New India". Ndtv. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  19. ^ "Chouhan to be conferred with Suryoday Manavta Sewa Samman award". The Pioneer. 12 December 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  20. ^ "CM शिवराज 'चैंपियंस ऑफ चेंज अवार्ड' से सम्मानित, इन हस्तियों को भी दिया गया अवार्ड". Zee News (in Hindi).
Lok Sabha Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee Member of Parliamentfor Vidisha 1991 – 2006 Succeeded byRampal Singh Political offices Preceded byBabulal Gaur Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh 29 November 2005 – 16 December 2018 Succeeded byKamal Nath