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Shivraj Chouhan
Shivraj Singh Chouhan (Cropped 3).jpg
17th Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
Assumed office
23 March 2020
GovernorLalji Tandon
Anandiben Patel
(Additional Charge)
Mangubhai C. Patel
Preceded byKamal Nath
In office
29 November 2005 (2005-11-29) – 12 December 2018 (2018-12-12)
Preceded byBabulal Gaur
Succeeded byKamal Nath
Vice President of Bharatiya Janata Party
In office
11 January 2019 (2019-01-11) – 26 September 2020
PresidentJ. P. Nadda
President of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha
In office
2000 (2000)–2002 (2002)
Preceded byRamashish Rai
Succeeded byG. Kishan Reddy
Member of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
2006 (2006)
Preceded byRajendra Singh
ConstituencyBudhni
In office
1990 (1990)–1991 (1991)
Preceded byChauhan Singh
Succeeded byMohan Lal Shishir
ConstituencyBudhni
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
1991 (1991)–2005 (2005)
Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded byRampal Singh
ConstituencyVidisha
Personal details
Born (1959-03-05) 5 March 1959 (age 63)
Sehore, Madhya Pradesh, India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
SpouseSadhna Singh Chouhan
Children2
Alma materBarkatullah University (MA Philosophy)
Signature
Websiteshivrajsinghchouhan.org
NicknameMama[1] (meaning: Maternal Uncle in English)

Shivraj Singh Chouhan (born 5 March 1959), is an Indian politician and member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is the 17th and current Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, having been elected to the same position 3 times in the past, and a Member of Legislative Assembly in Madhya Pradesh from Budhni.[2] He previously served as the Chief Minister of the Madhya Pradesh, between 2005 and 2018, and holds the record as the state's longest serving Chief Minister.[3][4] He was also former National Vice-president, member of the Parliamentary Board and a member of the Central Election Committee of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

As a leader of the BJP, Chouhan served as its general secretary and president of its Madhya Pradesh state unit. He joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in 1972, as a 13-year-old. He is a five-time Member of Parliament, having represented Vidisha in the Lok Sabha, the lower House of the Indian Parliament, between 1991 and 2006.

He is known for launching the schemes Ladli Lakshmi Yojana and Beti Bachao Abhiyan.[citation needed]

Early life and education

Shivraj Singh Chouhan was born in a Kirar family to Prem Singh Chouhan and his wife Sundar Bai Chouhan in the Jait village of Sehore district,[5][6] and belongs to the Kirar community.[7][8] He is a gold medalist in M. A. (Philosophy) from Barkatullah University Bhopal.[9] He is an agriculturist by profession.[citation needed]

Early political career

His early political career can be defined as up to the point of his first election to the Lok Sabha. He was elected President of the Model School Students Union in 1975.[10] From 1976 to 1977, he participated in underground movement against the Emergency and was imprisoned in Bhopal Jail for some time.

In his early political career, he has also been[citation needed]:

Political career

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Piyush Goyal distributing the LED Bulbs to the citizens at the launch of the UJALA Scheme in Madhya Pradesh, at Bhopal
Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Piyush Goyal distributing the LED Bulbs to the citizens at the launch of the UJALA Scheme in Madhya Pradesh, at Bhopal

Chouhan was first elected to the State Assembly from Budhni Constituency in 1990. He was elected a Member of Parliament for the first time in his career in 10th Lok Sabha from Vidisha Constituency in the following year.

In 1996, he was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha (his second term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resources Development and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development from 1996 to 1997 and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development, General Secretary of BJP, Madhya Pradesh from 1997 to 1998.

Again in 1998, he was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (third term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and its Sub-Committee on Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment from 1998 to 1999.

His fourth term in the 13th Lok Sabha was from 1999. He was member of Committee on Agriculture from 1999 to 2000, member of Committee on Public Undertakings from 1999 to 2001, and National President of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha from 2000 to 2003. He was also the Chairman of House Committee (Lok Sabha) and National Secretary of Bhartiya Janta Party.

The BJP swept Madhya Pradesh in the Assembly elections of December 2003. At that time, Shivraj Singh contested polls unsuccessfully against the incumbent Chief Minister Digvijaya Singh from Raghogarh.

He was a member of Consultative Committee, ministry of Communications from 2000 to 2004. He was re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (5th term) in 2004, with a margin of over 260,000 votes. He was member of Committee on Agriculture, member of Joint Committee on Offices of Profit, National General Secretary of BJP, Secretary of Parliamentary Board, and Secretary (Central Election Committee). He also headed Housing Committee of Lok Sabha, and was a member of Committee on Ethics.

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh

Shivraj Singh Chouhan's Visit at Bunder
Shivraj Singh Chouhan's Visit at Bunder

As the state BJP President, Chouhan was chosen to become the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on 30 November 2005. He contested a by-election from Budhni assembly constituency the following year, winning his old seat by a margin of over 36,000 votes.

In 2008, Chouhan retained his Budhni seat by over 41,000 votes, and with it, led the BJP to a second consecutive victory in the state. On 12 December 2008, he was sworn in for his second term.

On 8 December 2013, Chouhan won Legislative Assembly elections from Budhni by the margin of 84805 from a candidate of Congress. He was also elected as Chief Minister of MP for a third term.[11]

On 12 December 2018, after failing to gain a majority in the 2018 Madhya Pradesh assembly election, Chouhan resigned as Chief Minister.[12] He once again took oath as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on 23 March 2020 after 22 Congress MLA's resigned along with Jyotiraditya Scindia resulting in the collapse of the Kamal Nath government.[13]

Awards and recognition

2011: NDTV Indian of the year award - Leader of New India (development)[14]

2016: Suryoday Manavta Seva Sanman award.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Kritvi Paliwal (23 December 2018). "Madhya Pradesh's maverick Mamaji: A look back at Shivraj Singh Chouhan's politics and controversies". Firstpost. Retrieved 7 April 2020.;
    PTI (12 December 2018). "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: The 'Mama' who held sway in Madhya Pradesh for 13 years". Economic Times. Retrieved 7 April 2020. From being called "Paon paon wale bhaiya" (foot soldier) by villagers to being addressed as "Mama" (maternal uncle) by children, Shivraj Singh Chouhan just four days ago said he is the "biggest pollster" and predicted a BJP victory in Madhya Pradesh.;
    Shyamendra Parihar. "CM शिवराज ने बताया, उन्हें लोग क्यों कहते हैं मामा". m.patrika.com. Patrika. Retrieved 7 April 2020. सीएम शिवराज सिंह चौहान को सब मामा कहते हैं और देश की मीडिया भी उन्हें मामा के नाम से भी बुलाती है। यह सवाल सभी के मन में रहता है कि उन्हें मामा क्यों कहा जाता है? एक निजी न्यूज चैनल को दिए गए इंटरव्यू में जब यही सवाल सीएम शिवराज से पूछा गया तो उन्होंने कहा कि मामा का वैसे तो अर्थ होता है कि मां का भाई,लेकिन इसका एक व्यापक अर्थ भी है। वो कहते हैं कि जिसके दिल में बेटियों के लिए दो मां का प्यार हो वहीं होता है मां-मां यानि कि मामा। इसलिए उन्हें लोग मामा कहकर बुलाते हैं।
  2. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Shivraj Singh still calls himself CM of Madhya Pradesh. Only this time it means something else". India Today. 15 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  4. ^ "BJP considers 'larger' roles for Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Raman Singh, Vasundhara Raje". The Indian Express. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  5. ^ "I am proud to have taken birth in Kirar Samaj — CM Shri Chouhan". bharateseva.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  6. ^ "Chouhan's son of the soil image proves to be winner, again". Indian Express. 8 December 2013.
  7. ^ "I am proud to have taken birth in Kirar Samaj — CM Shri Chouhan". bharateseva.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  8. ^ Ganguly, Sumit; Diamond, Larry; Plattner, Marc F. (13 August 2007). The State of India's Democracy. JHU Press. p. 74. ISBN 9780801887918 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "Barkatullah Universities Website". Archived from the original on 6 October 2006.
  10. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan, a humble victor". India Today. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: the 'mama' with staying power". NDTV. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  12. ^ "Election Results LIVE Updates: Shivraj Singh Chouhan to resign as Madhya Pradesh CM; Mayawati declares support for Congress". Firstpost. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Four months after taking charge in MP, Shivraj Singh Chouhan tests COVID positive, hospitalised". The Indian Express. 26 July 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  14. ^ "NDTV's Leaders of New India". Ndtv. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Chouhan to be conferred with Suryoday Manavta Sewa Samman award". The Pioneer. 12 December 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
Lok Sabha Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee Member of Parliamentfor Vidisha 1991 – 2006 Succeeded byRampal Singh Political offices Preceded byBabulal Gaur Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh 29 November 2005 – 16 December 2018 Succeeded byKamal Nath