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Ministry of Panchayati Raj
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Annual budget825.17 crore (US$100 million) (2018-19 est.)[1]
Minister responsible
Minister of State responsible
Websitewww.panchayat.gov.in

The Ministry of Panchayati Raj is a branch of the Government of India. Ministry of Panchayati Raj looks into all matters relating to the Panchayati Raj and Panchayati Raj Institutions. It was created in May 2004. The ministry is headed by a minister of cabinet rank and transfers grants to rural local bodies for civic programs such as maintenance and construction of roads, pavements, bridges, drainage systems, parks, piped water supply, streetlights etc.

In a federation, the powers and functions of the government are divided among two governments. In India it is the Union Government and the various State Governments. However, with the passage of the 73rd and 74th amendment act of the Constitution of India, in 1993 the division of powers and functions have been further trickled down to Local Self Governments (Panchayat at Village levels and Municipalities and Municipal Corporations in towns and large cities). As such India now has not two but three tiers of Government in its federal setup.

Functions of the Ministry

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Ministry of Panchayati Raj is responsible for the work of advocacy for and monitoring of the implementation of Constitution 73rd Amendment Act the Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act 1996.

E-PANCHAYAT

As per the World Bank, "E-Government refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government." Government of India (GoI), with an intention to transform the governance landscape by ensuring participation of citizens in policy making and providing ease of access to information to the citizens, introduced the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) in 2006. The vision of the NeGP was to "Make all Government services accessible to the common man in his locality, through common service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency, transparency & reliability of such services at affordable costs to realise the basic needs of the common man." e- Panchayat is one of the Mission Mode Project (MMP), currently being implemented with a vision to empower and transform rural India.

As a first step towards formulating the project, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj constituted an Expert Group in June, 2007 under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.K. Gairola, Director General, NIC, Government of India. The Expert Group was entrusted with the task of assessing the IT Programmes of Ministry of Panchayati Raj and recommending cost effective solutions along with the cost implications. Adopting a consultative approach, the Committee interacted with the States/UTs to assess the existing status of computerisation up to the Gram Panchayat level, including the initiatives undertaken by the State Governments. In order to understand the ground realities, the Committee conducted field visits to some of the Gram Panchayats in the selected rural areas where some IT initiatives had been undertaken. Inputs from eminent experts in the public and private sector were also taken into account as part of the consultative process. In essence, it found that while some computerisation efforts had already been made at Panchayat level by States like Gujarat, West Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Goa, these attempts were limited as they were driven by short term goals and were unable to completely transform Panchayats due to lack of a holistic perspective. It was felt that a more comprehensive approach was required to make a cognisable impact on the functioning of the Panchayats for the benefit of the citizens. These recommendations formed the basis for the conceptualisation of ePanchayat MMP.

The e-Panchayat project holds great promise for the rural masses as it aims to transform the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) into symbols of modernity, transparency and efficiency. This is one of its kind nationwide IT initiative introduced by Ministry of Panchayati Raj that endeavours to ensure people's participation in programme decision making, implementation and delivery. The project aims to automate the functioning of the 2.45 lakh Panchayats in the country. The project addresses all aspects of Panchayats' functioning including Planning, Monitoring, Implementation, Budgeting, Accounting, Social Audit and delivery of citizen services like issue of certificates, licenses etc.

List of Ministers

The Ministry was created on May 27, 2004, with Mani Shankar Aiyar being the first minister.

# Portrait Name Term of office Prime Minister Party
1
Mani Shankar Aiyar addressing the Press Conference on 4th NE Business Summit to be held in Guwahati on 15th & 16th September 2008, in New Delhi on September 11, 2008.jpg
Mani Shankar Aiyar 23 May 2004 22 May 2009 4 years, 364 days Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress
2
C P Joshi UNDP 2010.jpg
C. P. Joshi 28 May 2009 19 January 2011 1 year, 236 days
3
Vilasrao Deshmukh at Innovation Partnerships Event May 8, 2012.jpg
Vilasrao Deshmukh 19 January 2011 12 July 2011 174 days
4
The Union Minister for Tribal Affairs and Panchayati Raj, Shri V. Kishore Chandra Deo addressing a press Conference, in New Delhi on April 24, 2012.jpg
Kishore Chandra Deo 12 July 2011 26 May 2014 2 years, 318 days
5
Gopinath Munde.jpg
Gopinath Munde 26 May 2014 3 June 2014 8 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
6 Nitin Gadkari 3 June 2014 9 November 2014 159 days
7
The Union Minister for Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Drinking Water and Sanitation (7).jpg
Birender Singh 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 1 year, 239 days
8
Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister for Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Drinking Water & Sanitation and Urban Development (cropped).jpg
Narendra Singh Tomar 5 July 2016 7 July 2021 5 years, 2 days
9
The Minister of State for Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (IC), Shri Giriraj Singh addressing the Media on the Budget provisions for the Ministry, in New Delhi on February 06, 2018.jpg
Giriraj Singh 7 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 136 days

List of Ministers of State

Ministers of State in the Ministry of Panchayati Raj
Minister of state Portrait Term Prime Minister Political Party
Upendra Kushwaha
The Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Shri Upendra Kushwaha addressing at the inauguration of the “Summer Fiesta”, in New Delhi on May 22, 2018.JPG
26 May 2014 9 November 2014 167 days Narendra Modi Rashtriya Lok Samta Party
Nihalchand 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 604 days Bharatiya Janata Party
Parshottam Rupala
Parshottam Rupala addressing the inaugural session of the NEDAC (Network for Development of Agricultural Cooperatives in Asia) General Assembly, in New Delhi.JPG
5 July 2016 30 May 2019 1059 days
Kapil Patil 7 July 2021 Incumbent 501 days

See also

References

  1. ^ "MINISTRY OF PANCHAYATI RAJ : DEMAND NO. 68" (PDF). Indiabudget.gov.in. Retrieved 15 September 2018.