Bharatiya Sakshya Act, 2023
Parliament of India
  • An Act to consolidate and to provide for general rules and principles of evidence for fair trial.
CitationBill No. 123 of 2023
Territorial extent India
Passed byLok Sabha
Passed20 December 2023
Passed byRajya Sabha
Passed21 December 2023
Assented to byPresident of India
Assented to25 December 2023
Legislative history
First chamber: Lok Sabha
Bill titleBharatiya Sakshya (Second) Bill, 2023
Introduced byHome Minister, Amit Shah
Introduced12 December 2023
Committee responsibleParliamentary Standing Committee
Passed20 December 2023
Voting summary
  • Majority Voice voted for
  • Minority Voice voted against
Second chamber: Rajya Sabha
Bill titleBharatiya Sakshya (Second) Bill, 2023
Received from the Lok Sabha20 December 2023
Member(s) in chargeHome Minister, Amit Shah
Passed21 December 2023
Voting summary
  • Majority Voice voted for
  • Minority Voice voted against
Final stages
Finally passed both chambers21 December 2023
Indian Evidence Act
Related legislation
Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita and Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita
Status: Not yet in force

The Bharatiya Sakshya Act, 2023 (IAST: Bhāratīya Sākśya Adhiniyam; lit.'Indian Testimony Act') is an Act of the Parliament of India.[1][2][3]

Background and timeline


The Act consists of 170 sections as opposed to the 167 sections in the previous Indian Evidence Act. Of these 167 sections, 23 sections have been modified, five removed, and one more section added.[7][8][9][10]

See also


  1. ^ Singh, Vijaita (11 August 2023). "3 new Bills introduced in Lok Sabha to replace criminal laws; sedition law to be scrapped". The Hindu.
  2. ^ "'Sedition law to be repealed': Amit Shah introduces 3 bills to replace IPC, CrPC, Indian Evidence Act in Lok Sabha". The Times of India. 11 August 2023.
  3. ^ ""Acts of Secession" Replaces Sedition: New Bills To Overhaul Criminal Laws". NDTV. 11 August 2023.
  4. ^ Das, Awstika (20 December 2023). "Lok Sabha Passes Criminal Law Bills Seeking To Replace IPC, CrPC And Evidence Act". Live Law. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
  5. ^ "Bills to replace criminal codes enacted into law as President Murmu gives nod". Deccan Herald. 25 December 2023.
  6. ^ "President gives assent to Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita and Bharatiya Sakshya Bill 2023". News on Air. 26 December 2023.
  7. ^ "Parliament panel adopts reports on bills to replace existing criminal laws". The New Indian Express. 14 November 2023.
  8. ^ "Centre's 3 bills to revamp criminal laws: 'Aim to provide justice, not punish'". India Today. 11 August 2023.
  9. ^ Ghosh, Sanchari (11 August 2023). "'Will repeal offence of sedition,' Amit Shah introduces 3 bills in Parliament". mint.
  10. ^ "The 3 Bills That Will Soon Replace British-Era Criminal Laws. Their Aim Explained". NDTV. 11 August 2023.