NIFTY 50
Performance of the NIFTY 50 index between 1990 and 2021
Foundation22 April 1996 (27 years ago) (22 April 1996)
OperatorNSE Indices
ExchangesNational Stock Exchange of India
Trading symbol^NSEI
Constituents50
TypeLarge cap
Weighting methodCapitalisation-weighted
Related indicesNIFTY Next 50
NIFTY 500
Websitewww.nseindia.com

The NIFTY 50 is a benchmark Indian stock market index that represents the weighted average of 50 of the largest Indian companies listed on the National Stock Exchange.[1][2]

Nifty 50 is owned and managed by NSE Indices (previously known as India Index Services & Products Limited), which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the NSE Strategic Investment Corporation Limited.[3][4] NSE Indices had a marketing and licensing agreement with Standard & Poor's for co-branding equity indices until 2013. The Nifty 50 index was launched on 22 April 1996,[5] and is one of the many stock indices of Nifty.

The NIFTY 50 index has shaped up to be the largest single financial product in India, with an ecosystem consisting of exchange-traded funds (onshore and offshore), and futures and options at NSE and SGX.[6][7] NIFTY 50 is the world's most actively traded contract. WFE, IOM and FIA surveys endorse NSE's leadership position.[8][9] Between 2008 and 2012, the NIFTY 50 index's share of NSE market fell from 65% to 29%[10] due to the rise of sectoral indices like NIFTY Bank, NIFTY IT, NIFTY Pharma, and NIFTY Next 50.

The NIFTY 50 index covers 13 sectors of the Indian economy and offers investment managers exposure to the Indian market in one portfolio. As of January 2023, NIFTY 50 gives a weightage of 36.81% to financial services including banking, 14.70% to IT, 12.17% to oil and gas, 9.02% to consumer goods, and 5.84% to automobiles.[11][12]

Methodology

The NIFTY 50 index is a free float market capitalisation-weighted index. The index was initially calculated on a full market capitalisation methodology. On 26 June 2009, the computation was changed to a free-float methodology. The base period for the NIFTY 50 index is 3 November 1995, which marked the completion of one year of operations of the equity market segment on NSE. The base value of the index has been set at 1000 and a base capital of ₹ 2.06 trillion.[13][14]

Record values

Category All-time highs[15]
Value Date
Closing 22,493.55[16] Thursday, 7 March 2024
Intra-day 22,529.95[17] Monday, 1 April 2024

Constituents

The Nifty 50 has the following constituents, as of 28 March 2024.

Company name Symbol Sector[18] Date added[19]
Adani Enterprises ADANIENT Diversified 30 September 2022
Adani Ports & SEZ ADANIPORTS Infrastructure 28 September 2015
Apollo Hospitals APOLLOHOSP Healthcare 31 March 2022
Asian Paints ASIANPAINT Consumer Durables 27 April 2012
Axis Bank AXISBANK Banking 27 March 2009
Bajaj Auto BAJAJ-AUTO Automobile 1 October 2010
Bajaj Finance BAJFINANCE Financial Services 29 September 2017
Bajaj Finserv BAJAJFINSV Financial Services 2 April 2018
Bharat Petroleum BPCL Energy - Oil & Gas 28 October 2002
Bharti Airtel BHARTIARTL Telecommunication 1 March 2004
Britannia Industries BRITANNIA Consumer Goods 29 March 2019
Cipla CIPLA Pharmaceuticals 7 October 1998
Coal India COALINDIA Energy - Coal 10 October 2011
Divi's Laboratories DIVISLAB Pharmaceuticals 25 September 2020
Dr. Reddy's Laboratories DRREDDY Pharmaceuticals 1 October 2010
Eicher Motors EICHERMOT Automobile 1 April 2016
Grasim Industries GRASIM Materials 2 April 2018
HCLTech HCLTECH Information Technology 28 October 2002
HDFC Bank HDFCBANK Banking 22 April 1996
HDFC Life HDFCLIFE Financial Services 31 July 2020
Hero MotoCorp HEROMOTOCO Automobile 7 October 1998
Hindalco Industries HINDALCO Metals 22 April 1996
Hindustan Unilever HINDUNILVR Consumer Goods 22 April 1996
ICICI Bank ICICIBANK Banking 25 January 2002
IndusInd Bank INDUSINDBK Banking 1 April 2013
Infosys INFY Information Technology 7 October 1998
ITC ITC Consumer Goods 22 April 1996
JSW Steel JSWSTEEL Metals 28 September 2018
Kotak Mahindra Bank KOTAKBANK Banking 8 April 2010
Larsen & Toubro LT Construction 10 December 2004
LTIMindtree LTIM Information Technology 13 July 2023
Mahindra & Mahindra M&M Automobile 18 September 1996
Maruti Suzuki MARUTI Automobile 1 March 2004
Nestlé India NESTLEIND Consumer Goods 27 September 2019
NTPC NTPC Energy - Power 24 September 2007
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation ONGC Energy - Oil & Gas 12 April 2004
Power Grid POWERGRID Energy - Power 14 March 2008
Reliance Industries RELIANCE Diversified 22 April 1996
SBI Life Insurance Company SBILIFE Financial Services 25 September 2020
Shriram Finance SHRIRAMFIN Financial Services 28 March 2024
State Bank of India SBIN Banking 22 April 1996
Sun Pharma SUNPHARMA Pharmaceuticals 17 January 2002
Tata Motors TATAMOTORS Automobile 22 April 1996
Tata Steel TATASTEEL Metals 22 April 1996
Tata Consultancy Services TCS Information Technology 25 February 2005
Tata Consumer Products TATACONSUM Consumer Goods 31 March 2021
Tech Mahindra TECHM Information Technology 28 March 2014
Titan Company TITAN Consumer Durables 2 April 2018
UltraTech Cement ULTRACEMCO Materials 28 September 2012
Wipro WIPRO Information Technology 27 September 2013

Index changes

Changes in index constituents since Nifty 50 adopted free float criteria in 2009:

Constituent excluded Constituent included Date of Replacement Reason for exclusion Ref
Grasim Industries Kotak Mahindra Bank 8 April 2010 Demerger [20]
ABB India Bajaj Auto 1 October 2010 Inadequate market capitalization [21]
Idea Cellular Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Inadequate market capitalization
Unitech Sesa Goa Inadequate market capitalization
Suzlon Grasim Industries 25 March 2011 Inadequate market capitalization [22]
Reliance Capital Coal India 10 October 2011 Inadequate market capitalization [23]
Reliance Communications Asian Paints 27 April 2012 Inadequate market capitalization [24]
Reliance Power Bank of Baroda Inadequate market capitalization
Steel Authority of India Lupin 28 September 2012 Inadequate market capitalization [25]
Sterlite Industries UltraTech Cement Inadequate market capitalization
Siemens IndusInd Bank 1 April 2013 Inadequate market capitalization [26]
Wipro NMDC Demerger
Reliance Infrastructure Wipro 27 September 2013 Inadequate market capitalization [27]
JP Associates Tech Mahindra 28 March 2014 Inadequate market capitalization [28]
Ranbaxy Laboratories United Spirits Inadequate market capitalization
United Spirits Zee Entertainment Enterprises 19 September 2014 Listing agreement breach [29]
DLF Idea Cellular 27 March 2015 Inadequate market capitalization [30]
Jindal Steel & Power Yes Bank Inadequate market capitalization
IDFC Bosch India 29 May 2015 Demerger [31]
NMDC Adani Ports & SEZ 28 September 2015 Inadequate market capitalization [32]
Cairn India Aurobindo Pharma 1 April 2016 Merger [33]
Punjab National Bank Bharti Infratel Inadequate market capitalization
Vedanta Eicher Motors Merger
BHEL Indiabulls Housing Finance 31 March 2017 Inadequate market capitalization [34]
Idea Cellular Indian Oil Corporation Inadequate market capitalization
Grasim Industries Vedanta 26 May 2017 Demerger [35]
ACC Bajaj Finance 29 September 2017 Inadequate market capitalization [36]
Bank of Baroda Hindustan Petroleum Inadequate market capitalization
Tata Power UPL Inadequate market capitalization
Ambuja Cements Bajaj Finserv 2 April 2018 Inadequate market capitalization [37]
Aurobindo Pharma Grasim Industries Inadequate market capitalization
Bosch India Titan Company Inadequate market capitalization
Lupin JSW Steel 28 September 2018 Inadequate market capitalization [38]
Hindustan Petroleum Britannia Industries 29 March 2019 Inadequate market capitalization [39]
Indiabulls Housing Finance Nestlé India 27 September 2019 Inadequate market capitalization [40]
Yes Bank Shree Cement 19 March 2020 Reconstruction scheme [41]
Vedanta HDFC Life 31 July 2020 Proposed delisting [42]
Zee Entertainment Enterprises SBI Life Insurance Company 25 September 2020 Inadequate market capitalization [36]
Bharti Infratel Divi's Laboratories Merger
GAIL Tata Consumer Products 31 March 2021 Inadequate market capitalization [43]
Indian Oil Corp Apollo Hospitals 31 March 2022 Inadequate market capitalization [44]
Shree Cement Adani Enterprises 30 September 2022 Inadequate market capitalization [45]
HDFC LTIMindtree 13 July 2023 Merger [46]
UPL Shriram Finance 28 March 2024 Inadequate market capitalization [47]

Major single day falls

Impact of COVID-19 on Indian stock markets, NIFTY 50 (1 January 2020 to 19 May 2020)
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Following are some of the notable single-day falls of the NIFTY 50 Index.

Sl. No. Date Fall Probable Reason
1 28 October 1997 88.20 points (7.87%) Investors deserted emerging Asian shares during the Asian Financial Crisis. Crashes also occurred in Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea and Philippines.
2 14 May 2004 135.10 points (7.87%) UPA election.
3 17 May 2004 193.5 points (12.24%) UPA election.
4 21 January 2008 496.50 points (8.70%) Due to the US subprime mortgage crisis.
5 22 January 2008 309.50 points (5.94%) Due to the US subprime mortgage crisis.
6 16 August 2013 234.45 points (4.08%) Due to depreciation of the Indian rupee.[48][49]
7 24 August 2015 490.95 points (5.92%) Driven by the meltdown in the Chinese Stock market.[50]
8 24 June 2016 181.85 points (2.20%) Driven by the Brexit Referendum.[51]
9 11 November 2016 229.45 points (2.69%) Driven by the Demonetization move by the Indian Government and the 2016 US Election Results.[52]
10 2 February 2018 256.30 points (2.33%) Driven by the 2018 Union budget of India and Global breakdown.
11 4 October 2018 303.20 points (2.39%) Panic Fall, due to Oil price Increase and rupee fall against US Dollar.
12 5 October 2018 282.80 points (2.67%) Panic Fall, due to Oil price Increase and rupee fall against US Dollar.
13 8 July 2019 252.55 points (2.14%) Due to Union Budget FY 2019.
15 3 September 2019 225.35 points (2.04%) Due to Multiple PSU Bank Merger Announcements.[53][54]
16 1 February 2020 373.95 points (3.11%) Driven by the Union Budget FY 2020 and coronavirus pandemic which saw global breakdown a day before the budget.[55]
17 9 March 2020 538.00 points (4.90%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.[56][57]
18 12 March 2020 868.25 points (8.30%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic after WHO declared it a pandemic.[58]
19 16 March 2020 757.80 points (7.61%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.[59]
20 23 March 2020 1135.20 points (12.98%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.[60]
21 11 June 2020 214.15 points (2.12%) Driven by the weak economic outlook as predicted by the United States Federal Reserve.[61][62]
22 26 Feb 2021 568.20 points (3.76%) Global breakdown.[citation needed]
23 12 Apr 2021 524.05 points (3.53%) Rise in daily COVID cases, speculation of complete lockdown in the Maharashtra state.
24 26 Nov 2021 509.80 points (2.91%) New coronavirus strain found in South Africa.
25 20 Dec 2021 371.00 points (2.18%)
26 24 Jan 2022 468.05 points (2.66%) Increasing geopolitical tensions and rising inflation (investors lost 19.33 lakh crore in market in a week).
27 14 Feb 2022 531.95 points (3.06%) Russia-Ukraine tensions, US fed aggressive statements on rate hike and ABG shipyard fraud case.[63]

Major single day gains

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (April 2022)

Following are some of the notable single-day gains of the NIFTY 50 Index.

Sl. No. Date High Probable reason
1 18 May 2009 651.50 points (17.74%) Ovewhelmingly upbeat results of the 2009 Indian general election; caused multiple trading curbs.
2 20 May 2019 421.10 points (3.69%) Exit Polls of 2019 General elections.
3 23 May 2019 300.90 points (2.49%) Results of the 2019 General Elections in which NDA alliance wins.
4 8 August 2019 176.95 points (1.63%) FPI surcharge rollback.[64]
5 26 August 2019 234.45 points (2.16%) Relief measures, likely US-China trade talks begin.[65]
6 20 September 2019 655.45 points (6.12%) Indian FM announced a cut in the corporate tax rate for domestic companies and new domestic manufacturing companies.[66]
7 23 September 2019 420.65 points (3.73%) Following a corporate tax cut in India.
8 7 April 2020 708.40 points (8.76%) Positive news that infection numbers were peaking in some of the worst affected areas around the world.[67]
9 1 Feb 2021 646.60 points (4.74%) Union budget day by Nirmala Sitharaman.
10 2 Feb 2021 366.65 (2.57%) Union budget reaction.
11 15 Feb 2022 509.65 points (3.03%) Russia withdraws troops from Ukraine border.[68]

Annual returns

The following table shows the annual development of the NIFTY 50 since 2000.[69] The historical daily returns data can be accessed from the NSE website.[70]

Year Closing level Change in Index
in Points
Change in Index
in %
2000 1,263.55 −216.90 −14.65
2001 1,059.05 −204.50 −13.94
2002 1,093.50 34.45 3.25
2003 1,879.75 786.25 71.90
2004 2,080.50 200.75 10.68
2005 2,836.55 756.05 36.34
2006 3,966.40 1,129.85 39.83
2007 6,138.60 2,172.20 54.77
2008 2,959.15 −3,179.45 −51.79
2009 5,201.05 2,241.90 75.76
2010 6,134.50 933.45 17.95
2011 4,624.30 −1,510.20 −24.62
2012 5,905.10 1,280.80 27.70
2013 6,304.00 398.90 6.76
2014 8,282.70 1,978.70 31.39
2015 7,964.35 −318.35 −3.84
2016 8,185.80 239.45 3.01
2017 10,530.70 2,344.90 28.65
2018 10,862.55 331.85 3.15
2019 12,168.45 1,305.90 12.02
2020 13,981.75 1,813.30 14.90
2021 17,354.05 3,372.30 24.12
2022 18,105.30 751.25 4.32
2023 21,731.40 3621.1 20.02

Derivatives

Trading in futures and options on the NIFTY 50 is offered by the NSE and SGX.[71][7] NSE offers weekly as well as monthly expiry options. It is the second most traded index option in the world after nifty bank [72]

NIFTY Next 50

Main article: NIFTY Next 50

NIFTY Next 50, also called NIFTY Junior, is an index of 50 companies whose free float market capitalisation comes after that of the companies in NIFTY 50. NIFTY Next 50 constituents are thus potential candidates for future inclusion in NIFTY 50.[73]

See also

References

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