NIFTY 50
NIFTY 50 Graph.png
Performance of the NIFTY 50 index between 1990 and 2021
Foundation21 April 1997
OperatorNSE Indices
ExchangesNational Stock Exchange of India
Constituents50
TypeLarge cap
Weighting methodCapitalisation-weighted
Websitewww.nseindia.com

The NIFTY 50 is a benchmark Indian stock market index that represents the weighted average of 50 of the largest Indian companies listed on the National Stock Exchange.[1] It is one of the two main stock indices used in India, the other being the BSE SENSEX.[2]

Nifty 50 is owned and managed by NSE Indices (previously known as India Index Services & Products Limited), which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the NSE Strategic Investment Corporation Limited.[3][4] NSE Indices had a marketing and licensing agreement with Standard & Poor's for co-branding equity indices until 2013. The Nifty 50 index was launched on 22 April 1996,[5] and is one of the many stock indices of Nifty.

The NIFTY 50 index has shaped up to be the largest single financial product in India, with an ecosystem consisting of exchange-traded funds (onshore and offshore), exchange-traded options at NSE,[6] and futures and options abroad at the SGX.[7] NIFTY 50 is the world's most actively traded contract. WFE, IOM and FIA surveys endorse NSE's leadership position.[8][9]

The NIFTY 50 index covers 13 sectors (as on 30 April 2021) of the Indian economy and offers investment managers exposure to the Indian market in one portfolio. Between 2008 & 2012, the NIFTY 50 index's share of NSE's market capitalisation fell from 65% to 29%[10] due to the rise of sectoral indices like NIFTY Bank, NIFTY IT, NIFTY Pharma, NIFTY SERV SECTOR, NIFTY Next 50, etc. The NIFTY 50 Index gives a weightage of 39.47% to financial services, 15.31% to Energy, 13.01% to IT, 12.38% to consumer goods, 6.11% to Automobiles and 0% to the agricultural sector.[11]

The NIFTY 50 index is a free float market capitalisation weighted index. The index was initially calculated on a full market capitalisation methodology. On 26 June 2009, the computation was changed to a free-float methodology.[12] The base period for the NIFTY 50 index is 3 November 1995, which marked the completion of one year of operations of the National Stock Exchange Equity Market Segment. The base value of the index has been set at 1000 and a base capital of ₹ 2.06 trillion.[13][14]

Constituents

Company Name Symbol Sector
Adani Ports ADANIPORTS Infrastructure
Apollo Hospitals APOLLOHOSP Healthcare
Asian Paints ASIANPAINT Consumer Goods
Axis Bank AXISBANK Banking
Bajaj Auto BAJAJ-AUTO Automobile
Bajaj Finance BAJFINANCE Financial Services
Bajaj Finserv BAJAJFINSV Financial Services
Bharti Airtel BHARTIARTL Telecommunication
Bharat Petroleum BPCL Energy - Oil & Gas
Britannia Industries BRITANNIA Consumer Goods
Cipla CIPLA Pharmaceuticals
Coal India COALINDIA Metals
Divi's Laboratories DIVISLAB Pharmaceuticals
Dr. Reddy's Laboratories DRREDDY Pharmaceuticals
Eicher Motors EICHERMOT Automobile
Grasim Industries GRASIM Cement
HCL Technologies HCLTECH Information Technology
HDFC HDFC Financial Services
HDFC Bank HDFCBANK Banking
HDFC Life HDFCLIFE Financial Services
Hero MotoCorp HEROMOTOCO Automobile
Hindalco Industries HINDALCO Metals
Hindustan Unilever HINDUNILVR Consumer Goods
ICICI Bank ICICIBANK Banking
IndusInd Bank INDUSINDBK Banking
Infosys INFY Information Technology
ITC Limited ITC Consumer Goods
JSW Steel JSWSTEEL Metals
Kotak Mahindra Bank KOTAKBANK Banking
Larsen & Toubro LT Construction
Mahindra & Mahindra M&M Automobile
Maruti Suzuki MARUTI Automobile
Nestlé India NESTLEIND Consumer Goods
NTPC NTPC Energy - Power
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation ONGC Energy - Oil & Gas
Power Grid Corporation of India POWERGRID Energy - Power
Reliance Industries RELIANCE Energy - Oil & Gas
State Bank of India SBIN Banking
SBI Life Insurance Company SBILIFE Financial Services
Shree Cements SHREECEM Cement
Sun Pharmaceutical SUNPHARMA Pharmaceuticals
Tata Motors TATAMOTORS Automobile
Tata Steel TATASTEEL Metals
Tata Consultancy Services TCS Information Technology
Tata Consumer Products TATACONSUM Consumer Goods
Tech Mahindra TECHM Information Technology
Titan Company TITAN Consumer Durables
UltraTech Cement ULTRACEMCO Cement
United Phosphorus Limited UPL Chemicals
Wipro WIPRO Information Technology[15]

Index changes

Former Constituent Symbol Sector Replaced By Symbol Date of Replacement Ref
Satyam Computer Services SATYAMCOMP Information Technology Reliance Capital RELCAPITAL 12 January 2009 [16]
ABB India ABB Engineering Bajaj Auto BAJAJ-AUTO 1 October 2010 [17]
Idea Cellular IDEA Telecommunication Dr. Reddy's Laboratories DRREDDY
Unitech UNITECH Realty Sesa Goa VEDL
Suzlon SUZLON Energy - Power Grasim Industries GRASIM 25 March 2011 [18]
Reliance Capital RELCAPITAL Financial Services Coal India COALINDIA 10 October 2011 [19]
Reliance Communications RCOM Telecommunication Asian Paints ASIANPAINT 27 April 2012 [20]
Reliance Power RPOWER Energy - Power Bank of Baroda BANKBARODA
Steel Authority of India SAIL Metals Lupin Limited LUPIN 28 September 2012 [21]
Sterlite Industries STERLITE Metals UltraTech Cement ULTRACEMCO
Siemens SIEMENS Engineering IndusInd Bank INDUSINDBK 1 April 2013 [22]
Wipro WIPRO Information Technology NMDC NMDC
Reliance Infrastructure RELINFRA Construction Wipro WIPRO 27 September 2013 [23]
JP Associates JPASSOCIAT Construction Tech Mahindra TECHM 28 March 2014 [24]
Ranbaxy Laboratories RANBAXY Pharmaceuticals United Spirits MCDOWELL-N
United Spirits MCDOWELL-N Consumer Goods Zee Entertainment Enterprises ZEEL 19 September 2014 [25]
DLF DLF Realty Idea Cellular IDEA 27 March 2015 [22]
Jindal Steel & Power JINDALSTEL Metals Yes Bank YESBANK
IDFC IDFC Financial Services Bosch India BOSCHLTD 29 May 2015 [25]
NMDC NMDC Metals Adani Ports & SEZ ADANIPORTS 28 September 2015 [26]
Cairn India CAIRN Energy - Oil & Gas Aurobindo Pharma AUROPHARMA 1 April 2016 [27]
Punjab National Bank PNB Banking Bharti Infratel INFRATEL
Vedanta Limited VEDL Metals Eicher Motors EICHERMOT
BHEL BHEL Engineering Indiabulls Housing Finance IBULHSGFIN 31 March 2017 [28]
Idea Cellular IDEA Telecommunication Indian Oil Corporation IOC
Grasim Industries GRASIM Textiles Vedanta Limited VEDL 26 May 2017 [29]
ACC ACC Cement Bajaj Finance BAJFINANCE 29 September 2017 [30]
Bank of Baroda BANKBARODA Banking Hindustan Petroleum HINDPETRO
Tata Power TATAPOWER Energy - Power UPL UPL
Ambuja Cements AMBUJACEM Cement Bajaj Finserv BAJAJFINSV 2 April 2018 [31]
Aurobindo Pharma AUROPHARMA Pharmaceuticals Grasim Industries GRASIM
Bosch India BOSCHLTD Engineering Titan Company TITAN
Lupin Limited LUPIN Pharmaceuticals JSW Steel JSWSTEEL 28 September 2018 [32]
Hindustan Petroleum HINDPETRO Energy - Oil & Gas Britannia Industries BRITANNIA February 2019 [33]
Indiabulls Housing Finance IBULHSGFIN Financial Services Nestlé India NESTLE 27 September 2019 [34]
Yes Bank YESBANK Banking Shree Cement SHREECEM 19 March 2020 [35]
Vedanta Limited VEDL Metals HDFC Life HDFCLIFE 31 July 2020 [36]
Zee Entertainment Enterprises ZEEL Media SBI Life Insurance Company SBILIFE September 2020 [30]
Bharti Infratel INFRATEL Telecommunication Divi's Laboratories DIVISLAB
GAIL GAIL Energy - Oil & Gas Tata Consumer Products TATACONSUM 31 March 2021 [37]
Indian Oil Corp IOC Energy - Oil & Gas Apollo Hospitals APOLLOHOSP 31 March 2022 [38]

Major single day falls

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Following are some of the notable single-day falls of the NIFTY 50 Index.

Sl. No. Date Fall Probable Reason
1 28 October 1997 88.20 points (7.87%) Investors deserted emerging Asian shares during the Asian Financial Crisis. Crashes also occurred in Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea and Philippines.
2 14 May 2004 135.10 points (7.87%) UPA election.
3 17 May 2004 193.5 points (12.24%) UPA election.
4 21 January 2008 496.50 points (8.70%) Due to the US subprime mortgage crisis.
5 22 January 2008 309.50 points (5.94%) Due to the US subprime mortgage crisis.
6 16 August 2013 234.45 points (4.08%) Due to depreciation of the Indian rupee.[39][40]
7 24 August 2015 490.95 points (5.92%) Driven by the meltdown in the Chinese Stock market.[41]
8 24 June 2016 181.85 points (2.20%) Driven by the Brexit Referendum.[42]
9 11 November 2016 229.45 points (2.69%) Driven by the Demonetization move by the Indian Government and the 2016 US Election Results.[43]
10 2 February 2018 256.30 points (2.33%) Driven by the 2018 Union budget of India and Global breakdown.
11 4 October 2018 303.20 points (2.39%) Panic Fall, due to Oil price Increase and rupee fall against US Dollar.
12 5 October 2018 282.80 points (2.67%) Panic Fall, due to Oil price Increase and rupee fall against US Dollar.
13 8 July 2019 252.55 points (2.14%) Due to Union Budget FY 2019.
15 3 September 2019 225.35 points (2.04%) Due to Multiple PSU Bank Merger Announcements.[44][45]
16 1 February 2020 373.95 points (3.11%) Driven by the Union Budget FY 2020 and coronavirus pandemic which saw global breakdown a day before the budget.[46]
17 9 March 2020 538.00 points (4.90%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.[47][48]
18 12 March 2020 868.25 points (8.30%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic after WHO declared it a pandemic.[49]
19 16 March 2020 757.80 points (7.61%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.[50]
20 23 March 2020 1135.20 points (12.98%) Driven by the COVID-19 pandemic.[51]
21 11 June 2020 214.15 points (2.12%) Driven by the weak economic outlook as predicted by the United States Federal Reserve.[52][53]
22 26 Feb 2021 568.20 points (3.76%) Global breakdown.[citation needed]
23 12 Apr 2021 524.05 points (3.53%) Rise in daily COVID cases, speculation of complete lockdown in the Maharashtra state.
24 26 Nov 2021 509.80 points (2.91%) New coronavirus strain found in South Africa.
25 20 Dec 2021 371.00 points (2.18%) Covid-19 concerns and inflation concerns.
26 24 Jan 2022 468.05 points (2.66%) Increasing geopolitical tensions and rising inflation (investors lost 19.33 lakh crore in market in a week).
27 14 Feb 2022 531.95 points (3.06%) Russia-Ukraine tensions, US fed aggressive statements on rate hike and ABG shipyard fraud case.[54]
28 24 Feb 2022 815.30 points (4.78%) Russian invasion of Ukraine.[55]

Major single day gains

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (April 2022)

Following are some of the notable single-day gains of the NIFTY 50 Index.

Sl. No. Date High Probable reason
1 18 May 2009 651.50 points (17.74%) Ovewhelmingly upbeat results of the 2009 Indian general election; caused multiple trading curbs.
2 20 May 2019 421.10 points (3.69%) Exit Polls of 2019 General elections.
3 23 May 2019 300.90 points (2.49%) Results of the 2019 General Elections in which NDA alliance wins.
4 8 August 2019 176.95 points (1.63%) FPI surcharge rollback.[56]
5 26 August 2019 234.45 points (2.16%) Relief measures, likely US-China trade talks begin.[57]
6 20 September 2019 655.45 points (6.12%) Indian FM announced a cut in the corporate tax rate for domestic companies and new domestic manufacturing companies.[58]
7 23 September 2019 420.65 points (3.73%) Following a corporate tax cut in India.
8 7 April 2020 708.40 points (8.76%) Positive news that infection numbers were peaking in some of the worst affected areas around the world.[59]
9 1 Feb 2021 646.60 points (4.74%) Union budget day by Nirmala Sitharaman.
10 2 Feb 2021 366.65 (2.57%) Union budget reaction.
11 15 Feb 2022 509.65 points (3.03%) Russia withdraws troops from Ukraine border.[60]

Annual returns

The following table shows the annual development of the NIFTY 50 since 2000.[61] The historical daily returns data can be accessed from the NSE website.[62]

Year Closing level Change in Index
in Points
Change in Index
in %
2000 1,263.55 −216.90 −14.65
2001 1,059.05 −204.50 −13.94
2002 1,093.50 34.45 3.25
2003 1,879.75 786.25 71.90
2004 2,080.50 200.75 10.68
2005 2,836.55 756.05 36.34
2006 3,966.40 1,129.85 39.83
2007 6,138.60 2,172.20 54.77
2008 2,959.15 −3,179.45 −51.79
2009 5,201.05 2,241.90 75.76
2010 6,134.50 933.45 17.95
2011 4,624.30 −1,510.20 −24.62
2012 5,905.10 1,280.80 27.70
2013 6,304.00 398.90 6.76
2014 8,282.70 1,978.70 31.39
2015 7,964.35 −318.35 −3.84
2016 8,185.80 239.45 3.01
2017 10,530.70 2,344.90 28.65
2018 10,862.55 331.85 3.15
2019 12,168.45 1,305.90 12.02
2020 13,981.75 1,813.30 14.90
2021 17,354.05 3,372.30 24.12

Derivatives

Trading in call and put options on the Nifty 50 are offered by the NSE.[63] The exchange offers weekly as well as monthly expiry.

NIFTY Next 50

Main article: NIFTY Next 50

NIFTY Next 50, also called NIFTY Junior, is an index of 50 companies whose free float market capitalisation comes after that of the companies in NIFTY 50. NIFTY Next 50 constituents are thus potential candidates for future inclusion in NIFTY 50.[64]

NIFTY sectoral indices

Index[65][66] Constituents
NIFTY Auto Ashok Leyland, Bajaj Auto, Balkrishna Industries, Bharat Forge, Bosch India, Eicher Motors, Escorts, Hero Motocorp, Mahindra & Mahindra, Maruti Suzuki, MRF, Sona BLW Precision, Tata Motors, Tube Investments, TVS Motors
NIFTY Bank Axis Bank, AU Small Finance Bank, Bandhan Bank, Bank of Baroda, Federal Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, IDFC First Bank, IndusInd Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India
NIFTY Consumer Durables Amber Enterprises, Bata India, Blue Star, Crompton Greaves, Dixon Technologies, Havells, Kajaria Ceramics, Orient Electric, Rajesh Exports, Relaxo, Titan Company, TTK Prestige, V-Guard, Voltas, Whirlpool India
NIFTY Financial Services Axis Bank, Bajaj Finance, Bajaj Finserv, Cholamandalam, HDFC, HDFC AMC, HDFC Bank, HDFC Life, ICICI Bank, ICICI Lombard, ICICI Prudential, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Muthoot Finance, Piramal Enterprises, Power Finance Corporation, REC, SBI Card, SBI Life Insurance Company, Shriram Transport Finance, State Bank of India
NIFTY FMCG Britannia, Colgate-Palmolive India, Dabur, Emami, Godrej Consumer Products, Hindustan Unilever, ITC, Marico, Nestlé India, Procter & Gamble Hygiene and Health Care, Radico Khaitan, Tata Consumer Products, United Breweries, United Spirits, Varun Beverages
NIFTY Healthcare Abbott India, Alkem Laboratories, Apollo Hospitals, Aurobindo Pharma, Biocon, Cipla, Divi's Laboratories, Dr Lal PathLabs, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Granules, Ipca Laboratories, Laurus Labs, Lupin, Metropolis Healthcare, Pfizer India, Sun Pharmaceutical, Syngene, Torrent Pharmaceuticals, Zydus Lifesciences
NIFTY IT Coforge, HCL Technologies, Infosys, L&T Infotech, L&T Technology Services, Mindtree, Mphasis, Tata Consultancy Services, Tech Mahindra, Wipro
NIFTY Media Dish TV, Hathway, INOX Leisure, Nazara Technologies, Network18, PVR Cinemas, Saregama, Sun TV Network, TV18, Zee Entertainment Enterprises
NIFTY Metal Adani Enterprises, APL Apollo Tubes, Hindalco, Hindustan Copper, Hindustan Zinc, Jindal Stainless, Jindal Steel, JSW Steel, National Aluminium Company, NMDC, Ratnamani Metals & Tubes, Steel Authority of India, Tata Steel, Vedanta, Welspun Corp
NIFTY Oil & Gas Adani Total Gas, Aegis Logistics, BPCL, Castrol, GAIL, Gujarat Gas, Gujarat State Petronet, HPCL, Indraprastha Gas, IOC, Mahanagar Gas, Oil India, ONGC, Petronet LNG, Reliance Industries
NIFTY Pharma Abbott India, Alembic Pharmaceuticals, Alkem Laboratories, Aurobindo Pharma, Biocon, Cipla, Divi's Laboratories, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Gland Pharma, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Granules, Ipca Laboratories, Laurus Labs, Lupin, Natco Pharma, Pfizer India, Strides Pharma, Sun Pharmaceutical, Torrent Pharmaceuticals, Zydus Lifesciences
NIFTY Private Bank Axis Bank, Bandhan Bank, City Union Bank, Federal Bank, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, IDFC First Bank, IndusInd Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, RBL Bank
NIFTY PSU Bank Bank of Baroda, Bank of Maharashtra, Bank of India, Canara Bank, Central Bank of India, Indian Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, Punjab & Sind Bank, Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India, UCO Bank, Union Bank of India
NIFTY Realty Brigade Enterprises, Brookfield India REIT, DLF, Embassy Office Parks REIT, Godrej Properties, Indiabulls Real Estate, Macrotech Developers, Mindspace Business Parks REIT, Oberoi Realty, Phoenix Mills, Prestige Estates

See also

References

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