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Tata Communications Limited
FormerlyVidesh Sanchar Nigam Limited (1986–2008)
Company typePrivate
FoundedMarch 1986; 38 years ago (1986-03) as VSNL
FounderGovernment of India
HeadquartersMumbai, Maharashtra, India
Area served
Key people
Amur Swaminathan Lakshminarayanan (MD & CEO)
RevenueIncrease 21,251.29 crore (US$2.7 billion) (2024)[2]
Increase 1,163.09 crore (US$150 million) (2024)[2]
Increase 969.58 crore (US$120 million) (2024)[2]
Total assetsIncrease 24,561.34 crore (US$3.1 billion) (2024)[2]
Total equityIncrease 1,790.30 crore (US$220 million) (2024)[2]
Number of employees
Increase~13,426+ (2023)
  • 6453

Tata Communications Limited (previously known as Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited) is an Indian telecommunications company. Before its acquisition by Tata Group it was a government-owned telecommunications service provider and under the ownership of Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications, and the Government of India. It was then sold to Tata Group in 2008 under first Manmohan Singh ministry government.[3]

Tata's communications provides network services and software-defined network platforms, such as Ethernet, SD-WAN, content delivery networks (CDNs), the internet, Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), and private lines.[4][better source needed]

It is listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India.


VSNL manhole cover in Delhi

The business was founded as Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) in 1986.[5][6] Under the chairmanship of B. K. Syngal (1991-1998),[7] VSNL launched the first publicly-available Internet plans in India in 1995.[8][9] The international arm of VSNL (VSNL International) was launched in 2004. After the Government of India launched Disinvestment of Public Sector Units in India, VSNL was completely acquired by the Tata Group and renamed Tata Communications on 13 February 2008. [10][11]

Tata communications global network

In 2009, Tata Communications and Tyco Telecommunications completed the TGN-Intra Asia cable system.[citation needed]

In 2012, the company completed its network across Egypt linking Europe to India, and created a subsea fibre network that circumnavigates the world. The 9,280-kilometre (5,770 mi) Eurasian section of the Tata Global Network runs across the Mediterranean Sea and the Middle East, connecting Mumbai with Marseilles.[12]

In January 2016, Windstream Communications announced it was extending its 100 Gigabit Ethernet (100G) network from New Jersey data center operator NJFX's presence at Tata's Cable Landing Station (CLS) in Wall Township, New Jersey, to Ashburn, Virginia's internet hub.[13]

Product and Services

Tata Communications offers ethernet and private line services via a content delivery network and other support services, like security, satellite teleports, fibre-based video network and transcoding.[14][better source needed]

Tata Communications has a data centre network located in 44 locations worldwide.[15]

Tata Communications has completed its acquisition of Kaleyra The deal, worth approximately $100 million, will combine Tata's customer base and other enterprise solutions[16]

It offers cloud services[17] and managed security services.[18]


  1. ^ "TIER IV Data Centre". Retrieved 28 March 2023.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Tata Communications Ltd. Financials | 500483" (PDF). Tata Communications. Retrieved 17 April 2024.
  3. ^ "Tata Communications gets nod to demerge surplus land". 8 August 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  4. ^ "About us | Tata Communications". Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  5. ^ Block, Daniel (1 February 2019). "How Reliance Jio is monopolising the telecom sector". The Caravan. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  6. ^ Sridhar, V. (9 January 1998). "Challenges of change". Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  7. ^ Mookerji, Nivedita (16 May 2020). "What Telecom Man reveals about India's business-politics links". Rediff. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  8. ^ "VSNL starts India's first Internet service today". 14 August 1995. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  9. ^ "'Father of Indian Internet' BK Syngal passes away". 10 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Form 20-F". Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  11. ^ "VSNL to be named Tata Communications". The Economic Times. 31 October 2007. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  12. ^ "Tata Communications completes world's first wholly owned cable network ring around the world". 22 March 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  13. ^ "Windstream establishes 100G express route in red-hot Ashburn, Va. market via NJFX". 19 January 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  14. ^ Communications, Tata. "Content Delivery Network > Tata Communications". Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  15. ^ Balakrishnan, Reghu (11 February 2016). "ST Telemedia set to buy Tata Communications Data Centre". Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Tata Communications completes acquisition of US-based company Kaleyra". The Times of India. 8 October 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 5 March 2024.
  17. ^ "Tata Communications launches IZO". Totaltelecom. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Tata Communications Helps Customers Proactively Mitigate IT Risk | Qualys, Inc". Retrieved 10 May 2017.