National Informatics Centre
NIC logo.svg
AbbreviationNIC
Formation1976 (46 years ago) (1976)
TypeDigital Information
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Location
  • Pan India
Region served
India
Official language
English
Director General
Shri Rajesh Gera[1]
Parent organisation
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Budget
11.5 billion (US$150 million) [2]
Staff
4500 (May 2018)[3]
Websitewww.nic.in
Primary ASN4758
Traffic Levels70–80 Gbit/s

The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is an Indian government department under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).[4][5][6] The NIC provides infrastructure, IT Consultancy, IT Services including but not limited to architecting, design, development and implementation of IT Systems to Central Government Departments and State Governments thus enabling delivery of government services to Citizens and pioneering the initiatives of Digital India.[7]

History

The National Informatics Centre (NIC) was established in 1976 by Late N Shesagiri under the Electonics Commission of India and later moved under the then Planning Commission of India before coming under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY - Hindi: इलेक्ट्रॉनिकी और सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय). Additional Secretary Late N Shesagiri was the first to introduce a network system in India called NICNET.[8][9] It is the technology partner of the Government of India and has been credited for helping the Indian government embrace IT in the 1990s[10] and has also helped disseminate e-governance to the masses[weasel words].[11]

It had an annual budget of 11.5 billion (US$150 million) for the year 2018–19.[2] Most of this is spent in free services to various Government Departments.

In May 2019, the government of India set up the Centre for Smart Governance (CSG), and state governments have since been advised to consult the CSG for IT projects they previously would have consulted the NIC and private firms for. Some claim that government sources have said "NIC is said to be unable to scale up", though the fact is that some vested interests want to curtail role of NIC in Indian IT arena and Rajeev Chawla, Additional Chief Secretary (e-Governance), was quoted as saying "CSG will be an analogue to NIC".[12]

Infrastructure

National Informatics Centre Services include:[citation needed]

NIC's Network, "NICNET",[13] facilitates the institutional linkages with the Ministries/Departments of the Central Government, state Governments and District administrations of India.[citation needed] NIC is noted for being the primary constructor of e-Government applications.[14] It also manages the National Knowledge Network.

Data Centers and Offices

In 2018, NIC opened its fourth data center in Bhubaneshwar to complement its existing data centers in New Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune.[3] In addition to the national data centres ,NIC has State Centres in 36 states and Union territories.[15][7] This is supplemented by 708 district offices.[7]

National Portal of India

NIC maintains the National Portal of India. The portal contains the Constitution of India,[16] and has a design objective to a single point to access the information and services of the Government of India.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Shri Rajesh Gera joins as Director General, National Informatics Centre (NIC)". Press Information Bureau. 1 June 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b Government (2019), p. 324.
  3. ^ a b Agarwal, Surabhi (28 May 2018). "NIC launches fourth data centre in Bhubaneswar" – via The Economic Times.
  4. ^ Rituraj (2018), p. 2.
  5. ^ Prabhu (2012), pp. 45–47.
  6. ^ Malwad (1996), pp. 36–39.
  7. ^ a b c "District Offices". National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  8. ^ Staff (29 May 2013). "Padma Bhushan N. Seshagiri, founder director-general of NIC, dies at 73". India Today. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b "About us — National Portal of India". www.india.gov.in. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  10. ^ Sadagopan, Sowmyanarayanan (22 March 2017). "Digital India over the decades". Voice&Data.
  11. ^ Bhattacharya (2006), pp. 250–252.
  12. ^ Akshatha, M (9 May 2019). "State plans own centre for smart governance". Economic Times - India Times. Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  13. ^ Bhagavan (1997), p. 112.
  14. ^ Venkatanarayan, Anand; Sinha, Pratik; Aravind, Anivar (11 August 2017). "Is GOI's National Informatics Centre also culpable for Abhinav Srivastav's Aadhaar data hack incident?". AltNews.in. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  15. ^ Staff (14 January 2019). "Ravi Shankar Prasad inaugurates NIC Command & Control Centre to support cloud, data infra". Express Computer.
  16. ^ "National Informatics Centre portal". Thomson Reuters Practical Law. Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.

Sources