Infosys Limited
Infosys
FormerlyInfosys Consultants Private Limited (1981–1992)
Infosys Technologies Private Limited (1992–1992)
Infosys Technologies Limited (1992–2011)
Company typePublic
ISININE009A010321
IndustryInformation technology consulting
Outsourcing
Founded2 July 1981; 42 years ago (2 July 1981) Pune, India
Founders
Headquarters,
India
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Nandan Nilekani (Chairman)
Salil Parekh (MD & CEO)[1]
RevenueIncrease 149,468 crore (US$19 billion)[2] (2023)
Increase 33,322 crore (US$4.2 billion)[2] (2023)
Increase 24,108 crore (US$3.0 billion)[2] (2023)
Total assetsIncrease 125,816 crore (US$16 billion)[2] (2023)
Total equityIncrease 75,795 crore (US$9.5 billion)[2] (2023)
Number of employees
336,294 (June 2023)[3]
Divisions
Subsidiaries
RatingCRISIL AAA / Stable / CRISIL A1+
Websitewww.infosys.com
Footnotes / references
[4]

Infosys Limited is an Indian multinational information technology company that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services. The company was founded in Pune and is headquartered in Bangalore.[5] Infosys is the second-largest Indian IT company, after Tata Consultancy Services, by 2020 revenue figures.

On 24 August 2021, Infosys became the fourth Indian company to reach US$100 billion in market capitalization. It is one of the top Big Tech (India) companies.[6][7]

History

Infosys was founded by seven engineers in Pune, Maharashtra, India. Its initial capital was $250.[8] It was registered as Infosys Consultants Private Limited on 2 July 1981.[9] In 1983, it relocated to Bangalore, Karnataka.

The company changed its name to Infosys Technologies Private Limited in April 1992 and to Infosys Technologies Limited when it became a public limited company in June 1992.[10] It was renamed Infosys Limited in June 2011.[11]

An initial public offering (IPO) was floated in February 1993 with an offer price of 95 (equivalent to 690 or US$8.60 in 2023) per share against a book value of 20 (equivalent to 150 or US$1.80 in 2023) per share. The IPO was undersubscribed but it was "bailed out" by US investment bank Morgan Stanley, which picked up a 13% equity stake at the offer price.[12] Its shares were listed in June 1993 with trading opening at 145 (equivalent to 1,100 or US$13 in 2023) per share.[13]

Infosys shares were listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange in 1999 as American depositary receipts (ADR). It became the first Indian company to be listed on Nasdaq.[citation needed] The share price surged to 8,100 (equivalent to 35,000 or US$440 in 2023) by 1999, making it the costliest share on the market at the time. At that time, Infosys was among the 20 biggest companies by market capitalization on the Nasdaq.[12] The ADR listing was shifted from Nasdaq to NYSE Euronext to give European investors better access to the company's shares.[14]

In July 2010, then-British Prime Minister David Cameron visited Infosys HQ in Bangalore and addressed Infosys employees.[15]

Infosys, Bangalore

In 2012, Infosys announced a new office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to serve Harley-Davidson.[16][17] Infosys hired 1,200 United States employees in 2011 and expanded the workforce by 2,000 employees in 2012.[17]

In April 2018, Infosys announced expansion in Indianapolis, Indiana.

In July 2014, Infosys started a product subsidiary called EdgeVerve Systems, focusing on enterprise software products for business operations, customer service, procurement and commerce network domains.[18] In August 2015, assets from Finacle Global Banking Solutions were transferred from Infosys, thus becoming part of the product company EdgeVerve Systems' product portfolio.[19]

Its annual revenue surpassed US$10 million in FY 1995, US$100 million in FY 1999, US$1 billion in FY 2004, and US$10 billion in FY 2017. Its most up to date report, as of Dec 2023, shows US$18 billion.[20]

Products and services

Infosys provides software development, maintenance and independent validation services to companies in finance, insurance, manufacturing and other domains.[21]

Glass building in Pune campus

Its key products and services are:

Geographical presence

As of 31 March 2018, Infosys had 82 sales and marketing offices and 123 development centres across the world with major presence in India, United States, China, Australia, Japan, Middle East and Europe.[26][27]

In 2019, 60%, 24%, and 3% of its revenues were derived from projects in North America, Europe, and India, respectively. The remaining 13% of revenues were derived from the rest of the world.[28]

Infosys's presence in Russia came under scrutiny after Russia had started the invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022. Infosys issued a clarification stating that they did not have active relationships with Russian firms.[29][30] By November 2022, the only people working there were administrative staff helping with transferring the existing contracts to other contractors.[31]

Acquisitions

Name of the acquired company Based in Acquisition cost Acquisition date The business of an acquired company
Expert Information Services Australia US$23 million Dec 2003[32][33] IT service provider
McCamish Systems USA US$38 million Dec 2009[34] Insurance and financial services
Portland Group Australia AUD 37 million Jan 2012[35][36] Strategic sourcing and category management
Lodestone Holding AG Switzerland US$345 million Sep 2012[37] Management consultancy
Panaya Israel US$200 million Mar 2015[38][39] Automation technology
Skava USA US$120 million Apr 2015[40][41] Digital experience solutions
Noah-Consulting USA US$70 million Nov 2015[42] Information management consulting services
Skytree USA Undisclosed amount Apr 2017[43] Machine learning
Brilliant Basics UK GBP 7.5 million Aug 2017[44] Product design and customer experience
Fluido Oy Finland EUR 65 million Oct 2018[45] Salesforce advisor and consulting partner
WongDoody USA US$75 million Jan 2019[46] Advertising and creative strategy services
Stater N.V. Netherlands EUR 127.5 million Apr 2019[47] Mortgage services
Simplus USA-AU TBD Feb 2020[48] Salesforce Partner
Kaleidoscope USA US$42 million Sep 2020[49] Product design and development
GuideVision Czech Republic EUR 30 million Oct 2020[50] ServiceNow partner
Oddity Germany EUR 50 million Mar 2022[51] Digital marketing, Experience, and Commerce agencies
BASE life science Denmark EUR 110 million Jul 2022[52] Life science consulting and technology
InSemi Bangalore Rs 280 Crore January 2024[53] Leading Semiconductor Design Services Provider

Listing and shareholding pattern

Main block in Chennai campus

In India, shares of Infosys are listed on the BSE where it is a part of the BSE SENSEX and the NSE where it is a NIFTY 50 Constituent.[54] Its shares are listed by way of American depositary receipts (ADRs) at the New York Stock Exchange.[55]

Over a period of time, the shareholding of its promoters has gradually reduced, starting from June 1993 when its shares were first listed. The promoters' holdings reduced further when Infosys became the first Indian-registered company to list Employees Stock Options Schemes and ADRs on NASDAQ on 11 March 1999.[56] As of 29 July 2021, the promoter holding was 12.95%, foreign institutional investors (FIIs) hold 33.39%, and domestic institutional investors (DIIs) hold 21.98%.[57]

A building in Thiruvananthapuram campus
Infosys shareholding and stakeholders pattern (as of 4 September 2023)[58]
Shareholders Shareholding
Promoters group 014.94%
Foreign institutional investors (FII) 033.44%
Domestic institutional investors (DII) 034.86%
Public 016.44%
Others 0 0.32%
Total 100.00%

Operations

Employees

Infosys had a total of 259,619 employees (generally known as "Infoscions") as of 2021, out of which 38.6% were women.[28] Out of its total workforce, 229,658 are software professionals and remaining 13,796 work for support and sales.[28] In 2016, 89% of its employees were based in India.[59]

During the financial year 2019, Infosys received 2,333,420 applications from prospective employees, interviewed 180,225 candidates and had a gross addition of 94,324 employees, a 4% hiring rate. These numbers do not include its subsidiaries.[59]

In its Q3FY22 results in January, Infosys has reported that attrition has risen to 25.5%, from 20.1% in the September quarter. It has announced a profit of Rs 5,809 crore for the third quarter and said it is planning to hire 55,000 freshers for FY22 as part of its global graduate hiring program.

Training centre in Mysore

The Development Centre in Mysore campus

As the world's largest corporate university, the Infosys global education centre in the 337 acre[60] campus has 400 instructors and 200+ classrooms,[61] with international benchmarks at its core. Established in 2002, it had trained around 125,000 engineering graduates by June 2015.[61] It can train 14,000 employees at a given point of time on various technologies.[62][63]

The Infosys Leadership Institute (ILI), based in Mysore, has 196 rooms and trains about 4,000 trainees annually.[63] Its purpose is to prepare and develop the senior leaders in Infosys for current and future executive leadership roles.

The Infosys Training Centre in Mysore also provides a number of extracurricular facilities like tennis, badminton, basketball, swimming pool, gym and bowling alley. It has an international level cricket ground approved by BCCI.

CEOs

Since its establishment in 1981 until 2014 the CEOs of Infosys were its promoters, with N.R. Narayana Murthy leading the company in its initial 21 years. Dr. Vishal Sikka was the first non-promoter CEO; he held the position for around 3 years.[64][65][66] Sikka resigned in August 2017. After his resignation, UB Pravin Rao was appointed as Interim CEO and MD of the company.[67] Infosys appointed Salil Parekh as chief executive officer (CEO) and managing director (MD) with effect from 2 January 2018.[68][69]

List of Infosys CEOs

Portrait Picture Name Period
Narayan Murthy 1981 to March 2002
Nandan Nilekani March 2002 to April 2007
Kris Gopalakrishnan April 2007 to August 2011
S. D. Shibulal August 2011 to July 2014
Vishal Sikka August 2014 to August 2017
UB Pravin Rao (interim) August 2017 to December 2017[67]
Salil S. Parekh January 2018 onwards[70]

Awards and recognition

Controversies

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Settlement of tax fraud in the US

In December 2019, the Attorney General of California, Xavier Becerra announced an $800,000 settlement against Infosys and its BPM (business process management) subsidiary. Close to 500 Infosys employees were working in the state on Infosys-sponsored B-1 visas instead of H-1B visas between 2006 and 2017, as per an official post available on the website of State of California.[86][87]

This misclassification resulted in Infosys avoiding California payroll taxes such as unemployment insurance, disability insurance, and employment training taxes.[88][89]

Accusation of visa fraud in the US

In 2011, Infosys was accused of committing visa fraud by using B-1 (visitor) visas for work requiring H-1B (work) visas. The allegations were initially made by an American employee of Infosys in an internal complaint. He subsequently sued the company, claiming that he was harassed and sidelined after speaking out. Although that case was dismissed it,[90] along with another similar case,[91][92][93] brought the allegations to the notice of the US authorities – and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and a federal grand jury started investigating.[94]

In October 2013, Infosys agreed to settle the civil suit with US authorities by paying US$34 million.[95] Infosys refused to admit guilt and stressed that it only agreed to pay the fine to avoid the nuisance of "prolonged litigation".[96] In its statement, the company said "As reflected in the settlement, Infosys denies and disputes any claims of systemic visa fraud, misuse of visas for competitive advantage, or immigration abuse. Those claims are assertions that remain unproven".[97]

Malfunctioning income tax, GST and MCA portal

From 2016 onwards, after Infosys took over the contract from Tata Consultancy Services stakeholders complained about malfunctioning and low performance of portals multiple times. The Income Tax portal went down on the due date of multiple tax periods and taxpayers ended up paying late fees and penalties, and the government allowed the extension of due dates because of this.[98][99][100][101]

Chartered accountants and Company secretaries raised issues with MCA portal on due dates. Many companies became liable for additional fees and fines due to non-compliance. This issue is turning opposite to Ease of doing business initiatives of Government of India.[102][103][104]

CAs and Tax professionals raised concerns about the flawed GST portal and their inability to rectify these issues.[105][106][107]

Government faced severe criticism from CAs, CSs and other stakeholders for its continuous failure to take action against Infosys and alleged that public fund is being heavily mis-utilised.[108]

See also

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