|Formerly||Western India Palm Refined Oil Limited|
|Founded||29 December 1945|
|Revenue||₹61,943 crore (US$8.7 billion) (2021)|
|₹13,900 crore (US$1.9 billion) (2021)|
|₹10,866 crore (US$1.5 billion) (2021)|
|Total assets||₹83,143 crore (US$12 billion) (2021)|
|Total equity||₹55,459 crore (US$7.8 billion) (2021)|
|Owner||Azim Premji (73.85%)|
Number of employees
Wipro Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that provides information technology, consulting and business process services. The Fortune India 500 ranks it the 29th largest Indian company by total revenue. It is also ranked the 9th largest employer in India with nearly 195,000 employees.[better source needed]
It is headquartered in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
The company was incorporated on 29 December 1945 in Amalner, Maharashtra by Mohamed Premji as "Western India Products", later abbreviated to "Wipro". It was initially set up as a manufacturer of vegetable and refined oils in Amalner, Maharashtra, British India, under the trade names of Kisan, Sunflower, and Camel.
In 1966, after Mohamed Premji's death, his son Azim Premji took over Wipro as its chairman at the age of 21.
During the 1970s and 1980s, the company shifted its focus to new opportunities in the IT and computing industry, which was at a nascent stage in India at the time. On 7 June 1977, the name of the company changed from Western India Vegetable Products Limited, to Wipro Products Limited. In 1982, the name was changed again, from Wipro Products Limited to Wipro Limited. Wipro continued to expand in the consumer products domain with the launch of "Ralak" a Tulsi based family soap and "Wipro Jasmine", a toilet soap.
In 1988, Wipro added mobile hydraulic cylinders and heavy-duty industrial cylinders to its line of products. A joint venture company with the United States' General Electric in the name of Wipro GE Medical Systems Pvt. Ltd. was set up in 1989 for the manufacture, sales, and service of diagnostic and imaging products. In 1991, tipping systems and Eaton hydraulic products were launched. The Wipro Fluid Power division, in 1992, developed the capability to offer standard hydraulic cylinders for construction equipment and truck tipping systems. The "Santoor" talcum powder and "Wipro Baby Soft" range of baby toiletries were launched in 1990.
In 1995, Wipro set up an overseas design center, Odyssey 21, for the projects of overseas clients. Wipro Infotech and Wipro Systems were amalgamated with Wipro in April that year. Five of Wipro's manufacturing and development facilities secured the ISO 9001 certification during 1994–95.
In 1999, Wipro acquired Wipro Acer, and released new products such as the Wipro SuperGenius personal computers (PCs). In 1999, it was the one Indian PC range to obtain US-based National Software Testing Laboratory (NSTL) certification for the Year 2000 (Y2K) compliance in hardware for all models.
Wipro joined with KPN (Royal Dutch telecom) to form a joint venture company "Wipro Net Limited" to provide internet services in India. In 2000 Wipro launched Wipro OSS Smart and Wipro WAP Smart. In the same year, Wipro was listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
In February 2002, Wipro became the first software technology and services company in India to be ISO 14001 certified. Wipro Consumer Care and Lighting Group entered the market of compact fluorescent lamps, with the launch of a range of CFL, under the brand name of Wipro Smartlite. As the company grew, a study revealed that Wipro was the fastest wealth creator for 5 years (1997–2002). It set up a wholly owned subsidiary company (Wipro Consumer Care Limited) to manufacture consumer care and lighting products. In 2004 Wipro joined the billion dollar club. It also partnered with Intel for i-shiksha. In 2006, Wipro acquired cMango Inc., a US-based technology infrastructure consulting firm, and a Europe-based retail provider. In 2007, Wipro signed a deal with Lockheed Martin. It also agreed to acquire Oki Techno Centre Singapore Pte Ltd (OTCS) and signed an R&D partnership contract with Nokia Siemens Networks in Germany.
In 2008, the firm entered the clean energy business with Wipro Eco Energy.
In April 2011, the firm signed an agreement with Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) for the acquisition of their global oil and gas information technology practice. In 2012, Wipro employed more than 70,000 temporary workers in the United States.
In 2012, Wipro demerged its non-IT businesses into a separate company called Wipro Enterprises. Prior to these demerger, these businesses, mainly in the consumer care, lighting, furniture, hydraulics, water treatment, and medical diagnostics, contributed about 10% of Wipro's total revenues.
In the same year, Wipro acquired Australian Trade Promotions Management firm Promax Applications Group (PAG) for $35 million.
In 2014, the firm signed a 10-year $1.2 billion contract with ATCO, a Canadian Energy and Utilities corporation based in Calgary, Alberta. This was the largest deal in Wipro's history. In October 2016, Wipro announced that it was buying Appirio, an Indianapolis-based cloud services company for $500 million. In 2017, the company expanded its operations in London.
In 2017, the firm won a five-year IT infrastructure and applications managed services engagement with Grameenphone (GP), a major telecom operator in Bangladesh and announced it would set up a new delivery centre there.
In 2018, the company began building software to help with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in Europe. In March 2018, Wipro said it would be buying a third of Denim Group. In April 2018, the company sold its stake in the airport IT services company JV.
In August 2018, Wipro paid US$75m to National Grid US as a settlement for a botched SAP implementation that a 2014 audit estimated could cost the company US$1 billion. Wipro had been hired as systems integrator in 2010, but errors in the rollout, intended to replace an Oracle system, caused serious losses and reputational damage.
In 2019, Wipro Consumer Care and the Ang-Hortaleza Corporation signed a share purchase agreement for the sale of 100% of the latter's stake in the personal care business Splash Corporation.
In March 2020, Hedera announced that Wipro would be joining their Governing Council, providing decentralized governance to its hashgraph distributed ledger technology.
In February 2020, Wipro acquired Rational Interaction, a Seattle-based digital customer experience consultancy.
In July 2020, the firm announced the launch of its 5G edge services solutions suite built with IBM software systems.
In March 2021, Wipro acquired Capco, a 22-year-old British tech consultancy firm. The deal was completed in April.
Wipro has signed an agreement to acquire Ampion for a cash consideration of $117 million, according to an exchange filing https://www.bloombergquint.com/markets/wipro-agrees-to-buy-australian-cybersecurity-provider-stock-gains
In March 2021, Wipro appoints Pierre Bruno as CEO of European operations.
See also: Wipro Enterprises § Subsidiaries
Wipro Limited is a provider of IT services, including Systems Integration, Consulting, Information Systems outsourcing, IT-enabled services, and R&D services.
Wipro entered into the technology business in 1981 and has over 160,000 employees and clients across 110 countries. IT revenues were at $7.1 billion for the year ended 31 March 2015, with a repeat business ratio of over 95%.
Wipro GE Medical Systems Limited is Wipro's joint venture with GE Healthcare South Asia. It is engaged in the research and development of healthcare products. This partnership, which began in 1990, today includes gadgets and equipment for diagnostics, healthcare IT and services to help healthcare professionals combat cancer, heart disease, and other ailments. There is complete adherence to Six Sigma quality standards in all products.
Wipro was ranked 1st in the 2010 Asian Sustainability Rating (ASR) of Indian companies and is a member of the NASDAQ Global Sustainability Index as well as the Dow Jones Sustainability Index.
In November 2012 Guide to Greener Electronics, Greenpeace ranked Wipro first with a score of 7.1/10.
On 6 July 2020, Thierry Delaporte took over from Abidali Neemuchwala as the new CEO of Wipro. Abidali Neemuchwala was appointed as Wipro's CEO after T. K. Kurien stepped down in early 2016. Neemuchwala, who had been group president and CEO from April 2015, was appointed CEO with effect from 1 February 2016.