The administrative divisions of India are subnational administrative units of India; they are composed of a nested hierarchy of administrative divisions.
Indian states and territories frequently use different local titles for the same level of subdivision (e.g., the mandals of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana correspond to tehsils of Uttar Pradesh and other Hindi-speaking states but to talukas of Gujarat, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu).
The smaller subdivisions (villages and blocks) exist only in rural areas. In urban areas, urban local bodies exist instead of these rural subdivisions.
Main article: Local government in India
The diagram below outlines the six tiers of government:
(e.g. West Bengal State)
(e.g. Presidency Division)
(e.g. North 24 Parganas District)
(e.g. Basirhat Subdivision)
(e.g. Basirhat II Block)
The states of India have been grouped into six zones having an Advisory Council "to develop the habit of cooperative working" among these States. Zonal Councils were set up vide Part-III of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The North Eastern States' special problems are addressed by another statutory body - The North Eastern Council, created by the North Eastern Council Act, 1971. The present composition of each of these Zonal Councils is as under:
Each zone has a zonal headquarters where a zonal cultural center has been established. Several states have membership in multiple zones, but no state subdivisions are utilized in the zonal divisions. In addition to promoting the culture of the zones they are responsible for, each zonal center also works to cross-promote and create exposure to other cultural zones of India by organizing functions and inviting artistes from other zones.
|South Culture Zone||South Zone Cultural Centre, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu||Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana|
|South Central Culture Zone||South-Central Zone Cultural Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra||Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana|
|North Culture Zone||North Zone Cultural Centre, Patiala, Punjab||Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand|
|North Central Culture Zone||North-Central Zone Cultural Centre, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh||Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand|
|East Culture Zone||East Zone Cultural Centre, Kolkata, West Bengal||Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur, Odisha, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal|
|North East Culture Zone||North East Zone Cultural Centre, Dimapur, Nagaland||Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura|
|West Culture Zone||West Zone Cultural Centre, Udaipur, Rajasthan||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan|
Main article: States and union territories of India
India is composed of 28 states and eight union territories (including a national capital territory).
This section is transcluded from States and union territories of India. (edit | history)
See also: List of state and union territory capitals in India
|Andhra Pradesh||IN-AP||AP||Southern||Amaravati||Visakhapatnam||1 November 1956||49,506,799||162,975||Telugu||Urdu|
|Arunachal Pradesh||IN-AR||AR||North-Eastern||Itanagar||20 February 1987||1,383,727||83,743||English||—|
|Assam||IN-AS||AS||North-Eastern||Dispur||Guwahati||26 January 1950||31,205,576||78,550||Assamese||Bengali, Bodo|
|Bihar||IN-BR||BR||Eastern||Patna||26 January 1950||104,099,452||94,163||Hindi||Urdu|
|Chhattisgarh||IN-CT||CG||Central||Raipur[a]||1 November 2000||25,545,198||135,194||Hindi||Chhattisgarhi|
|Goa||IN-GA||GA||Western||Panaji||Vasco da Gama||30 May 1987||1,458,545||3,702||Konkani||Marathi|
|Gujarat||IN-GJ||GJ||Western||Gandhinagar||Ahmedabad||1 May 1960||60,439,692||196,024||Gujarati||—|
|Haryana||IN-HR||HR||Northern||Chandigarh||Faridabad||1 November 1966||25,351,462||44,212||Hindi||Punjabi|
|Himachal Pradesh||IN-HP||HP||Northern||Shimla (Summer)
|Shimla||25 January 1971||6,864,602||55,673||Hindi||Sanskrit|
|Jharkhand||IN-JH||JH||Eastern||Ranchi||Jamshedpur||15 November 2000||32,988,134||79,716||Hindi||Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Bhumij, Ho, Kharia, Khortha, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali, Urdu|
|Karnataka||IN-KA||KA||Southern||Bangalore||1 November 1956||61,095,297||191,791||Kannada||—|
|Kerala||IN-KL||KL||Southern||Thiruvananthapuram||1 November 1956||33,406,061||38,863||Malayalam||English|
|Madhya Pradesh||IN-MP||MP||Central||Bhopal||Indore||26 January 1950||72,626,809||308,252||Hindi||—|
|Mumbai||1 May 1960||112,374,333||307,713||Marathi||—|
|Manipur||IN-MN||MN||North-Eastern||Imphal||21 January 1972||2,855,794||22,347||Meitei||English|
|Meghalaya||IN-ML||ML||North-Eastern||Shillong||21 January 1972||2,966,889||22,720||English||Khasi[b]|
|Mizoram||IN-MZ||MZ||North-Eastern||Aizawl||20 February 1987||1,097,206||21,081||English, Hindi, Mizo||—|
|Nagaland||IN-NL||NL||North-Eastern||Kohima||Dimapur||1 December 1963||1,978,502||16,579||English||—|
|Odisha||IN-OR||OD||Eastern||Bhubaneswar||26 January 1950||41,974,218||155,820||Odia||—|
|Punjab||IN-PB||PB||Northern||Chandigarh||Ludhiana||1 November 1966||27,743,338||50,362||Punjabi||—|
|Rajasthan||IN-RJ||RJ||Northern||Jaipur||26 January 1950||68,548,437||342,269||Hindi||English|
|Sikkim||IN-SK||SK||North-Eastern||Gangtok||16 May 1975||610,577||7,096||English, Nepali||Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang|
|Tamil Nadu||IN-TN||TN||Southern||Chennai||1 November 1956||72,147,030||130,058||Tamil||English|
|Telangana||IN-TG||TS||Southern||Hyderabad[c]||2 June 2014||35,193,978||112,077||Telugu||Urdu|
|Tripura||IN-TR||TR||North-Eastern||Agartala||21 January 1972||3,673,917||10,492||Bengali, English, Kokborok||—|
|Uttar Pradesh||IN-UP||UP||Central||Lucknow||26 January 1950||199,812,341||243,286||Hindi||Urdu|
|Dehradun||9 November 2000||10,086,292||53,483||Hindi||Sanskrit|
|West Bengal||IN-WB||WB||Eastern||Kolkata||26 January 1950||91,276,115||88,752||Bengali, Nepali[d]||Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali, Telugu, Urdu|
|Union territory||ISO 3166-2:IN||Vehicle
|Zone||Capital||Largest city||UT established||Population||Area
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||IN-AN||AN||Southern||Port Blair||1 November 1956||380,581||8,249||Hindi||English|
|Chandigarh||IN-CH||CH||Northern||Chandigarh||1 November 1966||1,055,450||114||English||Punjabi|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||IN-DH||DD||Western||Daman||26 January 2020||586,956||603||Gujarati, Marathi, English||—|
|Delhi||IN-DL||DL||Northern||New Delhi||Delhi||1 November 1956||16,787,941||1,490||Hindi, English||Punjabi|
|Jammu and Kashmir||IN-JK||JK||Northern||Srinagar (Summer)
|Srinagar||31 October 2019||12,258,433||42,241||Urdu, English||Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi|
|Leh||31 October 2019||290,492||59,146||Hindi and English|
|Lakshadweep||IN-LD||LD||Southern||Kavaratti||1 November 1956||64,473||32||Hindi, English||—|
|Puducherry||IN-PY||PY||Southern||Puducherry||16 August 1962||1,247,953||492||Tamil, English||Telugu, Malayalam, French|
Main article: Autonomous administrative divisions of India
The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India allows for the formation of autonomous administrative divisions which have been given autonomy within their respective states.
Presently, 10 Autonomous Councils in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura are formed by virtue of the Sixth Schedule with the rest being formed as a result of other legislation.
This section is transcluded from Autonomous administrative divisions of India. (edit | history)
Autonomous district councils operating under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India are shown in bold.
|Assam||Bodoland Territorial Council||Kokrajhar||2003|
|North Cachar Hills (Dima Hasao) Autonomous Council||Haflong||1951|
|Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council||Diphu||1952|
|Tiwa Autonomous Council||Morigaon||1995|
|Mising Autonomous Council||Dhemaji||1995|
|Rabha Hasong Autonomous Council||Dudhnoi||1995|
|Sonowal Kachari Autonomous Council||Dibrugarh||2005|
|Thengal Kachari Autonomous Council||Titabar||2005|
|Deori Autonomous Council||Narayanpur||2005|
|Moran Autonomous Council||**||2020|
|Matak Autonomous Council||**||2020|
|Bodo Kachari Welfare Autonomous Council||Simen Chapori||2020|
|Kamatapur Autonomous Council||Abhayapuri||2020|
|Manipur||Chandel Autonomous District Council||Chandel||1971|
|Churachandpur Autonomous District Council||Churachandpur||1971|
|Sadar Hills Autonomous District Council||Kangpokpi||1971|
|Manipur North Autonomous District Council||Senapati||1971|
|Tamenglong Autonomous District Council||Tamenglong||1971|
|Ukhrul Autonomous District Council||Ukhrul||1971|
|Meghalaya||Garo Hills Autonomous District Council||Tura||1973|
|Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council||Jowai||1973|
|Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council||Shillong||1973|
|Mizoram||Chakma Autonomous District Council||Kamalanagar||1972|
|Lai Autonomous District Council||Lawngtlai||1972|
|Mara Autonomous District Council||Siaha||1972|
|Tripura||Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council||Khumulwng||1982|
|West Bengal||Gorkhaland Territorial Administration||Darjeeling||2012|
Main article: List of divisions in India
Many of the Indian states are subdivided into divisions, which have official administrative governmental status, and each division is headed by a senior IAS officer called Divisional Commissioner.
As of September 2022, divisions exist in 18 of the 28 states and 3 of the 8 union territories. As of September 2022, there are a total of 102 divisions in India.
This section is transcluded from List of divisions in India. (edit | history)
|State/ Union Territory||No. of divisions||Population||Population per division|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||-||380,581||-|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||-||586,956||-|
|Jammu and Kashmir||2||12,258,433||6,129,217|
Some states consist of regions, which have no official administrative governmental status. They are purely geographic regions; some correspond to historic countries, states or provinces. A region may comprise one or more divisions, averaging about three divisions per region. However, the boundaries of the regions and the boundaries of the divisions do not always coincide exactly. So far there has been no movement to give the regions official administrative status. If this was to be done, it would presumably require that the boundaries of the regions be slightly modified so that they correspond exactly with their constituent districts.
Main article: List of districts in India
States and territories (or divisions) are further subdivided into districts (zilla), of which there are 766 (as of Aug 2022). Each District is headed by an IAS officer called District Magistrate.
This section is transcluded from List of districts in India. (edit | history)
|State/Union Territory||No. of districts||Population||Population/ district|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||3||380,581||126,860|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||3||586,956||195,652|
|Jammu and Kashmir||20||12,258,093||612,905|
Main article: List of subdistricts in India
This section is transcluded from List of subdistricts in India. (edit | history)
States use varying names for their sub-districts. Detailed information is as follows (as of 2018):
|State/ Union territory||Subdistrict title||No. of |
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Tehsil||7|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Taluk||3|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Tehsil||55|
Main article: Panchayati Raj
Main article: Community development block
The Community Development Block also known as CD Block or just block, is often the next level of administrative division (for development purposes, whereas tehsil is next to the district for revenue purposes).
This section is transcluded from Community development block. (edit | history)
|State||CD Block||Number of |
|Uttar Pradesh||CD Block||822|
|West Bengal||CD Block||342|
Villages are often the lowest level of subdivisions in India. The governmental bodies at the village level are called Gram Panchayat, of which there were an estimated 256,000 in 2002. Each Gram Panchayat covers a large village or a cluster of smaller villages with a combined population exceeding 500 Gram Sabha. Clusters of villages are also sometimes called Hobli or Patti.
Certain governmental functions and activities - including clean water availability, rural development, and education - are tracked at a sub-village level. These hamlets are termed "habitations". India is composed of 1,714,556 habitations  In some states, most villages have a single habitation; in others (notably Kerala and Tripura) there is a high ratio of habitations to villages.
Main article: Municipal governance in India
A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighbourhoods, townships, cities, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts. As social, economic, and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities, towns, and intervening rural areas that are socio-economically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns The metropolitan cities of India are: Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Vishakhapatnam and Pune.
... North East Zone Cultural Centre – Nagaland – Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland & Meghalaya ...
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