Mizo ṭawng
Native toIndia, Myanmar, Bangladesh
RegionMizoram, Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Chin state, Nagaland, Bangladesh
EthnicityMizo people
Native speakers
1,000,000+ (2020)[1]
Latin script[2]
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-2lus
ISO 639-3lus

The Mizo language, or Mizo ṭawng, is a Kuki-Chin-Mizo language belonging to the Tibeto-Burman family of languages, spoken natively by the Mizo people in the Mizoram state of India and Chin State in Myanmar. The language is also known as Duhlian and Lushai, a colonial term, as the Duhlian people were the first among the Mizos to be encountered by the British in the course of their colonial expansion.[3] The Mizo language is mainly based on Lusei dialect but it has also derived many words from its surrounding Mizo sub-tribes and sub-clan. Now, Mizo language or Mizo ṭawng is the lingua franca of Mizoram and its surrounding areas and to a lesser extent of Myanmar and Bangladesh and in India in some parts of Assam, Tripura and Manipur. Many poetic languages are derived from Pawi, Paite, and Hmar, and most known ancient poems considered to be Mizo are actually in Pawi.[3][clarification needed] Mizo is the official language of Mizoram, along with English, and there have been efforts to have it included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India.[4]


The Mizo language belongs to the Kuki-Chin-Mizo branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The numerous clans of the Mizo had respective dialects, amongst which the Lusei dialect was the most common, and evolved with significant influenced from Hmar, Lai and Paite, etc. to become the Mizo language and the lingua franca of the Mizo peoples due to its extensive and exclusive use by the Christian missionaries and the later young generation.[citation needed]

Cardinal numbers

They are as follows: [5] 1, pa -khat. 2, pa -hnih. 3, pa-thum, 4, pa -li. 5, pa-nga. 6, pa-ruk. 7, pa -sari. 8, pa- riat. 9, pa -kua. 10, sawm.

Writing system

The Mizo alphabet is based on the Roman script and has 25 letters, namely:

Letter a aw b ch d e f g ng h i j k
Name audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten
Letter l m n o p r s t u v z
Name audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten audio speaker iconlisten

In its current form, it was devised by the first Christian missionaries of Mizoram, Rev. J.H.Lorrain and Rev. F.W.Savidge[6] based on Hunterian system of transliteration.

A circumflex ^ was later added to the vowels to indicate long vowels, viz., â, ê, î, ô, û, which were insufficient to fully express Mizo tone. Recently,[when?] a leading newspaper in Mizoram, Vanglaini, the magazine Kristian Ṭhalai, and other publishers began using á, à, ä, é, è, ë, í, ì, ï, ó, ò, ö, ú, ù, ü to indicate the long intonations and tones. However, this does not differentiate the different intonations that short tones can have.[7][8]

Relation with other languages

The Mizo language is related to the other languages of the Sino-Tibetan family.[9] The Kuki-Chin-Mizo languages (which native Mizo speakers call Zohnahthlâk ṭawngho/Mizo ṭawngho) have a substantial number of words in common.[10]

Mizo and Sino-Tibetan languages

The following table illustrates the similarity between Mizo and other members of the Sino-Tibetan family.[11] The words given are cognates, whose origins could be traced back to the proto-language Proto-Sino-Tibetan (given in the first column of the table).

Proto-Sino-Tibetan Mizo/Duhlian/Lusei language Khawsak-Hmar language Zote-Hmar language Standard Chinese character (Pīnyīn) Early Middle Chinese Old Chinese Written Tibetan Written Burmese Written Sgaw Karen Bodo Tripuri (Kokborok) Meitei language Trung English meaning
*tujH tui tui tui 水(shuǐ) - - - - htee døi twi/tui ishing water
*sĭj(H) (? / ś-) thi thi/famchang famchang/thi 死 (sǐ) si' sjid shi-ba se thee thøi thwi/thui shi ɕi die
*ghāH khà kha khak 苦 (kǔ) kʰɔ' khag kha khâ khá khá Kwkha/Kha kha Kha(salty) bitter
*sĭŋ thing thing thin - sin sjin shing sac tháe - Buphang/Waphang - wood/tree
*miǝ̆ŋ hming hming hming 名 (míng) mjiajŋ mjing ming mung - Bumung/mung ming muŋ name
*paH pa pa zuopa 爸 (bà) - - - - pa afah Apha/Bupha ipa - father
*ŋāH (pa-)nga panga panga 五 (wǔ) ŋɔ' ngag lnga ŋ̩â yëh ba Ba manga pəŋ-ŋà five
*rŭk (pa-)ruk paruk paruk 六 (liù) luwk ljəkw drug khrok xu doh Dok taruk khlu six
*nă- nang nang nangma 汝 (rǔ) ȵɨʌ naʔ - - na nøng nung/nwng nang thou (you)
*nĭj ni ni/sun/nisa nisa 日 (rì) ȵiɪt njiɡ - - mu ni/mu shan Sal day/sun
*ma em mäw am 吗 (ma) - - - - ma - - bara - ?(final interrogative particle)
*nu- nuhmei nuhmei 女 (nǚ) - - - - - - Bwrwi/ti - female
*- chaw ei bu fak bu bak 吃饭 (chi fan) - - - - - - Cha chak cha - eat rice
*druaŋ lai lailung malai 中(zhōng) (middle) ṭüŋ ṭǜŋ truŋ truŋs gźuŋ ǝtwaŋh khuh tha - Kwchar matai/manak a3-tuŋ1 (middle) middle
*tī̆kʷ tâwk huntawk hunchat 淑 (shú, shū, chù) - - sdug (pretty, nice) thǝuk (be worth, have certain value; be lucky) - - - enough, sufficient
*- hmang zo hmang zo/hmang ral inthām/inral - - - - - - - Leng - - use up, exhaust
*[ph]ra ṭha ṭha ṭha - - - - - ghay - Kaham/Cha pha - good
*chēŋ (green) hring hring hring 青 (qīng) chieŋ shēŋ - - - - Kwkhwrang/Kukhurang - - green
*ch[ē]t sât sat/chan/tan vat/tan/sat 切 (qiē, qiè) chiet shīt zed ćhać - - tan-di/Hra-di('di' is suffix to denote 'to' here) - to cut
References for the above table:[12][13]

Mizo and Burmese

The following few words suggest that Mizo and the Burmese are of the same family: kun ("to bend"), kam ("bank of a river"), kha ("bitter"), sam ("hair"), mei ("fire"), that ("to kill"), ni ("sun"), hnih ("two"), li ("four"), nga ("five") etc.




The Mizo language has eight tones and intonations for each of the vowels a, aw, e, i and u, four of which are reduced tones and the other four long tones. The vowel o has only three tones, all of them of the reduced type; it has almost exactly the same sound as the diphthong /oʊ/ found in American English. However, the vowels can be represented as follows:[14]

Front Central Back
Close i [i], [ɨ], []   u [u], [ʊ], [ʊː]
Mid e [e], [ɛ], [ɛː]   aw [o], [ɔ], [ɔː]
Open a [ʌ], [a], [ɑ], [ɑː], [ä]


Starting with a Starting with e Starting with i Starting with u
ai (/aɪ̯/, /ɑːi/ or /ai/) ei (/eɪ̯/, /ɛi/ or /ɛɪ̯/) ia (/ɪə̯/ /ɪa/, /ja/ or /ɪa̭/) ua (/u̯a/ or /ua̭/)
au (/aʊ̯/, /ɑːʊ̯/) eu (/ɛu/, /eʊ/ or /eʊ̯/) iu (/ɪʊ̯/ or /iw/) ui (/ɥi/ or /ʔwi/)


Mizo has the following triphthongs:


Mizo has the following consonants, with the first symbol being its orthographical form and the second one its representation in the IPA:[14]

Labial Dental Alveolar Velar Glottal
central lateral
Plosive voiceless p [p] t [t] k [k] h [ʔ]1
aspirated ph [pʰ] th [tʰ] kh [kʰ]
voiced b [b] d [d]
Affricate voiceless ch [t͡s] tl [t͡l]
aspirated chh [t͡sʰ], [ʰ] thl [t͡lʰ]
flap ṭ [t͡r]
aspirated flap ṭh [t͡rʰ]
Fricative voiceless f [f] s [s] h [h]
voiced v [v] z [z] l [l]
Nasal plain m [m] n [n] ng [ŋ]
aspirated hm [ʰm] hn [ʰn] ngh [ʰŋ]
Liquid plain r [r] l l
aspirated hr [ʰr] hl [ʰl]
glottalized1 rh [rʔ] lh [lʔ]
  1. The glottal and glottalised consonants appear only in final position.


As Mizo is a tonal language, differences in pitch and pitch contour can change the meanings of words. Tone systems have developed independently in many daughter languages, largely by simplifications in the set of possible syllable-final and syllable-initial consonants. Typically, a distinction between voiceless and voiced initial consonants is replaced by a distinction between high and low tone, and falling and rising tones developed from syllable-final h and glottal stop, which themselves often reflect earlier consonants.

The eight tones and intonations that the vowel a (and the vowels aw, e, i, u, and this constitutes all the tones in the Mizo language) can have are shown by the letter sequence p-a-n-g, as follows:[15]

Notation of vowels with intonation
Short tones Long tones
mid rising falling low peaking high dipping low
a (ǎ / ă) / ả (ȧ / ã) / ą â á ä à
o (ǒ / ŏ) / ỏ / (ó)   ọ / (ò)  
aw (ǎw / ăw) / ảw (ȧw / ãw) / ąw ạw âw áw äw àw
u (ǔ / ŭ) / ủ (ů / ũ) / ų û ú ü ù
e (ě / ĕ) / ẻ (ė / ẽ) / ę ê é ë è
i (ǐ / ĭ) / ỉ (ĩ) / į î í ï ì

Note that the exact orthography of tones with diacritics is still not standardised (notably for differentiating the four short tones with confusive or conflicting choices of diacritics) except for the differentiation of long versus short tones using the circumflex. As well, the need of at least 7 diacritics may cause complications to design easy keyboard layouts, even if they use dead keys, and even if not all basic Latin letters are needed for Mizo itself, so publications may represent the short tones using digrams (e.g. by appending some apostrophe or glottal letter) to reduce the number of diacritics needed to only 4 (those used now for the long tones) on only two dead keys.

Sample sentences

The following table illustrates the pronunciations of various consonants, vowels and diphthongs found in the Mizo language:

Sentence Pronunciation
Zạwhtë ka hmù zɒʔ.teː kʌ ʰmuː
Thlàpǔi a ëng tlʰaː.pwi ʔʌ ʔɛːŋ
Tlángah kǎn láwn tlaː.ŋʌʔ kʌn loːn
Phengphehlep chi hrang paruk ṭhu chungin ka en pʰeːŋ.pʰɛ.lʰɛp tsi ʰraŋ pʌ.rʊk trʰʊ tsʊ.ŋin kʌ ɛn
Ṭahbelh chu chhunah kan hruai ve lo vang. trʌʔ.bɛlʔ tsʊ tʃuː.nʌʔ kʌn ʰrwai veː loʊ vʌŋ(or lɔ.vʌŋ)
I va berh ve! ʔɪ vʌ berʔ ve:
Khàuphár thạwvẹn vè êm êm rịngawt mai che u hian. kʰauː.pʰaːr tʰɔ.vɛn veː ʔɛːm ʔɛːm ri.ŋɔt mai/mʌj tsɛ ʔʊ hjaːn
Nghakuai kan chiah ʰŋa.kua̯ːi kan tsjaʔ
I zuan kai ngam ka ring. ʔi zua̯ːn kaːi ŋam ka riŋ
Hläu miah lovin. ʰlaṷ mjʌʔ lɔ.vin
Kuai tliak kwai tljaːk
I tán liau liau i taːn ljaʊ ljaʊ
I uar a ni lo maw? ʔɪ ʔʊar ʔʌ nɪ loʊ ˈmɔː
Sakei sʌ.ˈkeɪ
Paih darh suh pʌɪʔ dʌrʔ sʊʔ
References and further reading for this section.[16][17][18][19]


Main article: Mizo grammar

Mizo contains many analyzable polysyllables, which are polysyllabic units in which the individual syllables have meaning by themselves. In a true monosyllabic language, polysyllables are mostly confined to compound words, such as "lighthouse". The first syllables of compounds tend over time to be de-stressed, and may eventually be reduced to prefixed consonants. The word nuntheihna ("survival") is composed of nung ("to live"), theih ("possible") and na (a nominalising suffix); likewise, theihna means "possibility". Virtually all polysyllabic morphemes in Mizo can be shown to have originated in this way. For example, the disyllabic form bakhwan ("butterfly"), which occurs in one dialect of the Trung (or Dulung) language of Yunnan, is actually a reduced form of the compound blak kwar, found in a closely related dialect. It is reported over 18 of the dialects share about 850 words with the same meaning. For example, ban ("arm"), ke ("leg"), thla ("wing", "month"), lu ("head") and kut ("hand").

Word order

The declarative word order in Mizo is Object-subject-verb (OSV). For example:







Lehkhabu ka ziak

book I write

I write/am writing a book

However, even if one says Ka ziak lehkhabu, its meaning is not changed, nor does it become incorrect; the word order becomes Subject-verb-object. But this form is used only in particular situations.



The verbs (called thiltih in Mizo)[20] are not conjugated as in languages such as English and French by changing the desinence of words, but the tense (in a sentence) is clarified by the aspect and the addition of some particles, such as[21]


Modification of verbs

Mizo verbs are often used in the Gerund, and most verbs change desinence in the Gerund; this modification is called tihdanglamna. This modified form is also used as the past participle. Some verbs which undergo modification are tabulated below:

Mizo verb Tihdanglam (modified form) English meaning
ziak ziah ziak – to write
ziah – writing (g.), written
tât tah tât – to whet (such as a knife)
tah – whetting (g.), whetted
mâk mà – to divorce (said of a man divorcing his wife)
mâk – divorcing (g.), divorced

However, even if the spelling of a verb is not changed, its tone is sometimes changed. For example, the verbs tum (to aim), hum (to protect) etc. change tones; the tone is lowered in the modified form. There is a third class of verbs – those which neither change tone nor are inflected (modified). Examples include hneh (to conquer), hnek (to strike with one's fist).

Modification of words is not restricted to verbs; adjectives, adverbs etc. are also modified.



There is no gender for nouns, and there are no articles. There are some specific suffixes for forming nouns from verbs and adjectives, the most common of which are -na and -zia. The suffix -na is used for forming nouns from both verbs and adjectives, whereas -zia is used specifically for nominalising adjectives. For example,

Declension of nouns

Mizo nouns undergo declension into cases. The main cases can be classified as follows:[22]

Case Desinence Tone (in pronunciation) Examples
no change -
1. tui
2. nula
3. hmangaihna
Ergative suffix -in for non-proper nouns, 'n for proper nouns short low pitch for -in 1. tuiin
2. nulain
3. hmangaihnain
Instrumental short high pitch on -in
Locative suffix -ah 1. tuiah
2. nulaah
3. hmangaihnaah


Nouns are pluralized by suffixing -te, -ho, -teho or -hote, for example:

Noun Plurals Meaning
mipa mipate
mipa – man
mipate/mipaho – men
naupang naupangte
naupang – child
naupangte/-ho – children



All Mizo pronouns occur in two forms, namely in free form and clitic form:[22]

Free form Clitic form
kei(I) ka (I)
keimah (I)[23]
keini (we) kan (we)
keimahni (we)[23]
nang(you, singular) i (you, singular)
nangmah (you)[23]
nangni (you, plural) in (you, plural)
nangmahni (you, plural)[23]
ani (he, she, it) a (he, she, it)
amah (he, she, it)[23]
anni (they) an (they)
anmahni (they)[23]

The free form is mostly used for emphasis, and has to be used in conjunction with either the clitic form or an appropriate pronominal particle, as shown in the following examples:

  1. Kei (=I free form) ka (=I clitic form)lo tel ve kher a ngai em?. This is a somewhat emphatic way of saying Ka lo tel ve kher a ngai em?
  2. Nangni (=you pl., free form) in (you pl., clitic form) zo tawh em? This is a somewhat emphatic way of saying Nangni in zo tawh em?
  3. Ani (he/she) a (s/he) kal ve chuan a ṭha lo vang.

The clitic form is also used as a genitive form of the pronoun.


Mizo pronouns, like Mizo nouns, are declined into cases as follows:

Pronoun (Nominative case) Genitive case Accusative case Ergative case
clitic form
ka ka mi, min keimahin=keima'n
kan kan min keimahni-in=keimahnin
i i che nangmahin=nangma'n
in in che u nangmahni-in=nangmahnin
a a amah amahin=ama'n
an an anmahni anmahni-in=anmahni'n
free form
kei keima keimah, keimah min keimahin=keima'n
keimah keima keimah, keimah min keimahin=keima'n
keini keini keini, keini min keini-in=keini'n
keimahni keimahni keimahni, keimahni min keimahni-in=keimahni'n
anni anni anni anni'n
anmahni anmahni anmahni anmahni-in=anmahni'n


Mizo adjectives (Mizo: hrilhfiahna) follow the nouns they describe, as follows:

1. naupang fel a good child
child good
2. lehkhabu chhiartlâk a readable book
book readable
3. hmasawnna chhenfâkawm sustainable development
development sustainable


For declarative sentences, negation is achieved by adding the particle lo (not) at the end of a sentence. For example,

Sentence Negation
Lala a lo kal
Lala is coming/Lala came
Lala a lo kal lo
Lala did not come
Pathumin paruk a sem thei
Three divides six
Pathumin paruk a sem thei lo
Three does not divide six

Also, for words such as engmah (nothing), tumah (nobody) etc., unlike English we have to add the negation particle lo; for example










Tumah ka hmu lo

nobody I see not






rawn keng




Engmah ka {rawn keng} lo

nothing I bring not

Thus we have to use double negation for such cases.

Unique parts of speech

All kinds of Parts of Speech like noun, pronoun, verbs, etc. can be found in Mizo language with some additional unique kinds – post-positions and double adverbs.

Sample texts

The following is a sample text in Mizo of the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:[24]

Mizo ṭawng English
Mi zawng zawng hi zalèna piang kan ni a, zahawmna leh dikna chanvoah intluk tlâng vek kan ni. Chhia leh ṭha hriatna fîm neia siam kan nih avangin kan mihring puite chungah inunauna thinlung kan pu tlat tur a ni. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience. Therefore, they should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Some Mizo words and phrases

Mizo English Mizo English
Ka läwm e Thank you Ru steal
I dam mâw/I dam em? How are you? Hmin Ripe
Tui Water Thar New
Châw Food Lian Big
Sanghâ Fish Give
Rûl Snake Sakei Tiger
Khúa Village/town/city Lal Chief/Lord/King
Day/the sun Sikeisen Mars
Thlà Moon/month Chawngmawii Venus
Kum Year/age Hrangchhuana Jupiter
Ṭhà mâw? (informal) How are you?/What's up? Tukṭhuan Breakfast
Vàn Sky Chhum Cloud
Boruak Air Khu Smoke
Thlawh(theih)na Aeroplane Arsi Star
Ṭumhmun Airport Mei Fire
Zin to travel Ui Dog
Lei Earth Hmul Feather
Khawvel World
Thlà the moon
Mit Eye
Khabè Chin
Beng Ear
Hnar Nose
Mi People
Zangnadawmna Assurance
Engtin?/Engtiangin? How?
Mangṭha Good night
Dár engzât nge? What time is it now?
Thingpui Tea
Khaw'nge i kal dáwn? Where are you going?
Dam takin [(u) le] Goodbye/Go in peace
Engtikah? When?
Khawiah? Where?
Eng(nge)? What?
Amaherawhchu However

Cardinal numbers

(Pa)khat One
(Pa)hnih Two
(Pa)thum Three
(Pa)li Four
(Pa)ngá Five
(Pa)ruk Six
(Pa)sarih Seven
(Pa)riat Eight
(Pa)kua Nine
Sàwm Ten
Sàwmpakhat Eleven
Sàwmpakua Nineteen
Sawmhnih Twenty
Sawmthum Thirty
Sawmküa Ninety
Zangá Five hundred
Säng(khat) One thousand
Sïng(khat) Ten thousand
Nûai(khat) Hundred thousand/One lakh in Indian English
Maktadûai Million
Vaibelchhia Ten million
Vaibelchhetak Hundred million
Tlûklehdingäwn Billion


Main article: Mizo literature


Mizo has a thriving literature with Mizo departments in Mizoram University and Manipur University . The governing body is the Mizo Academy of Letters, which awards the annual literary prize MAL Book of the Year since 1989. The books awarded so far and their authors are tabulated below along with the years:[25]

Year Book Author Comments on the book
1989 Ka Lungkham B. Lalthangliana
1990 Hmangaihzuali C. Laizawna Novel
1991 Zoram Khawvel-I Lalthlamuong Keivom Contemporary Mizo history
1992 Ṭhangthar Taitesena Romawia
1993 Mizo Literature B. Lalthangliana
1994 Kum za Kristian Zofate hmabâk Bangalore Mizo Christian Fellowship
1995 Ram leh i tan chauh H. Lallungmuana
1996 Bible leh Science P.C. Biaksiama Creationism
1997 Pasalṭha Khuangchera Laltluangliana Khiangte Drama
1998 Anita C. Laizawna Novel
1999 Tlawm ve lo Lalnu Ropuiliani Lalsangzuali Sailo Mizo history
2000 Chawngmawii leh Hrangchhuana R. Rozika Novel
2001 Ka khualzin kawng Robuanga
2002 Runlum Nuthai L.Z. Sailo Eulogy
2003 Kan Bible hi Zairema Theology
2004 Zorinpari H. Lalngurliana Novel
2005 Damlai thlipui Lalhriata Novel
2006 Pasalṭhate ni hnuhnung C. Lalnunchanga Historical adventure novel
2007 Zofate zinkawngah zalenna mei a mit tur a ni lo R. Zamawia Factual description and idealisation of Mizo uprising
2008 Chun chawi loh Lalhriata Novel
2009 Rintei zùnléng Lalrammawia Ngente Novel
2010 Beiseina Mittui Samson Thanruma Novel
2011 Zodinpuii (posthumously awarded) Lalchhantluanga Novel
2012 Sihlipui Romuanpuii Zadeng Novel
2013 Thinglubul Lalpekkima Novel
2014 Ka Zalenna B. Lalhriattira Essay collection
2015 Kawlkil piah Lamtluang C. Lalnunchanga Fantasy Novel
2016 Aizawl Aizawler Lalhruaitluanga Chawngte Contemporary Social Essays[26]
2017 Savun Kawrfual Lalhmingchhuanga Zongte Collection of Essays
2018 Hringnun Hrualhrui Mafaa Hauhnar Collection of Essays
2019 Falung Lalengzauva Novel

This award is only for books originally written in Mizo, not for translations, and it has been awarded every year since 1989. The award has been given to books on history and religion, but most of its winners are novels. Each year, the academy examines about 100 books (in 2011, 149 books were examined),[27] out of which it selects the top 20, and then shortlisting it further to top 10, and then to top 5, then top 3, finally chooses the winner.

The academy also awards lifetime achievement in Mizo literature.

Some of the best-known Mizo writers include James Dokhuma, Ṭhuamtea Khawlhring, C. Laizawna, C. Lalnunchanga, Vanneihtluanga etc.


The Mizoram Press Information Bureau lists some twenty Mizo daily newspapers just in Aizawl city, as of March 2013.[28] The following list gives some of the most well-known newspapers published in the Mizo language.

Name of newspaper Publication frequency Editor Place
Chhawkhlei Daily Lalhmingliana Champhai
Chhawrpial Daily C.Lalzamlova Aizawl
Chhim Aw Daily Baitha Saiha
Chhinlung Daily Vanhnuna Lunglei
Dumde Daily F. Lalbiakmawia (Fam) Champhai
Harhna Daily C.Vulluaia Aizawl
Hnamdamna Daily Chawngchhuma Lunglei
Hruaitu Arsi Daily Zosangliana Aizawl
Khawpui Aw Daily Zaithankhuma Aizawl
Laisuih Daily C.Lalhminghlua Serchhip
Lengzem chanchinbu Monthly Vanneihtluanga Aizawl
Lenkawl Daily Remmawia Kawlni Serchhip
Lenrual Daily Lalhlupuia Champhai
Pasaltha Daily Lalhmingmawia Pachuau Champhai
Ramlai Arsi Daily Lalremruata Ralte Serchhip
Rihlipui Daily DK Lalhruaitluanga Champhai
Romei Daily Robert Lalchhuana Aizawl
Thu Thar Daily A.Rodingliana Aizawl
Turnipui Daily S.Lalhmachhuana Kolasib
The Zozam Times Daily H.Laldinmawia Aizawl
Vanglaini chanchinbu,[29] Daily K. Sapdanga Aizawl
Zalen Daily Vanlalrema Vantawl Aizawl
Zawlbuk Aw Daily Hranghmingthanga Thenzawl
Zoram Thlirtu Daily Lalrinmawia Sailo Aizawl
Zoram Tlangau Daily L.Pachuau Aizawl
Zorin Daily Lalkunga Aizawl

Most of them are daily newspapers.


There are around 850,000 speakers of the Mizo language: 830,846 speakers in India (2011 census); 1,041 speakers in Bangladesh (1981 census); 12,500 speakers in Myanmar (1983 census).

See also


  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Mizo". Ethnologue. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b Lalthangliana, B., 'Mizo tihin ṭawng a nei lo' tih kha, see also Matisoff, 'Language names' section
  4. ^ "Requests to include 38 languages in Constitution pending: Govt". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  5. ^ James Herbert Lorrain; Fred W. Savidge (1898). A Grammar and Dictionary of the Lushai Language (Dulien Dialect). Assam Secretariat Print. Office. p. 24.
  6. ^ Lalthangliana, B.: 2001, History and Culture of Mizo in India, Burma and Bangladesh, Aizawl. "Baptist Missionary Conference, 1892", p. 745
  7. ^ The Mizo Wiktionary uses the additional symbols , ǎ, ȧ, and likewise for the other vowels aw, e, i and u, to differentiate these
  8. ^ See the guide here
  9. ^ Mc Kinnon, John and Wanat Bruksasri (Editors): The Higlangders of Thailand, Kuala Lumpur, Oxford University Press, 1983, p. 65.
  10. ^ "Vanglaini". www.vanglaini.org. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  11. ^ STEDT database.See also
  12. ^ "Search for data in: Sino-Tibetan etymology". starling.rinet.ru. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  13. ^ "STEDT Database (Beta)". stedt.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  14. ^ a b Weidert, Alfons, Component Analysis of Lushai Phonology, Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science, Series IV – Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, volume 2, Amsterdam: John Benjamins B.V., 1975.
  15. ^ Zoppen Club, Mizo ṭawng thumal thar
  16. ^ "Sarmah, Priyankoo & Caroline Wiltshire, An acoustic study of Mizo tones and morpho-tonology." (PDF). Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  17. ^ Govind, D., Priyankoo Sarmah, S.R. Mahadeva Prasanna, Role of pitch slope and duration in synthesized Mizo tones.
  18. ^ Khoi Lam Thang, A phonological reconstruction of Proto-chin.
  19. ^ Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, Workshop on Tone and Intonation: Theory, Typology and Computation.
  20. ^ SCERT, Mizo Grammar, class XI & XII textbook (2002–).
  21. ^ SCERT, Mizo Grammar and Composition, 2002.
  22. ^ a b "Chhangte, Lalnunthangi, The Grammar of Simple Clauses in Mizo" (PDF). Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d e f This form is also used as the accusative
  24. ^ UDHR in Mizo (Unicode Website) or OHCHR Website
  25. ^ vanglaini.org
  26. ^ "Mizo Academy of Letters Book of the Year list". dcserchhip.mizoram.gov.in. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  27. ^ "Vanglaini, April 24, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  28. ^ "See the website". Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  29. ^ "Vanglaini – Mizo Daily Since 1978". vanglaini.org. Retrieved 30 June 2010.


  1. The Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor, 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc.
  2. K. S. Singh: 1995, People of India-Mizoram, Volume XXXIII, Anthropological Survey of India, Calcutta.
  3. Grierson, G. A. (Ed.) (1904b). Tibeto-Burman Family: Specimens of the Kuki-Chin and Burma Groups, Volume III Part III of Linguistic Survey of India. Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta.
  4. Grierson, G. A: 1995, Languages of North-Eastern India, Gian Publishing House, New Delhi.
  5. Lunghnema, V., Mizo chanchin (B.C. 300 aṭanga 1929 A.D.), 1993.
  6. Zoramdinthara, Dr., Mizo Fiction: Emergence and Development. Ruby Press & Co.(New Delhi). 2013. ISBN 978-93-82395-16-4