Khotta Bhasha
  • খোট্টা ভাষা
  • کھوٹّا بھاشا
Native toIndia
RegionWest Bengal
EthnicityKhotta people
Native speakers
1 million (2020)
None
Language codes
ISO 639-3kyw

Khotta Bhasha is the language of the Khotta people, a small group of people who inhabit in the state of West Bengal and Jharkhand borders in India.[1] Khotta speakers are of entirely Muslim origin & reside in West Bengal.

There is a language in Jharkhand and in western borders of West Bengal, called Khortha (sometimes it is also called Khotta) is a well established language with its own literature. But Khotta Bhasha which is spoken in West Bengal is very much different from Khortha language and has no written form.[1][2]

Geographic distribution

The Khotta speaking people mainly inhabit in Kaliachak I & II, Harishandrapur, Ratua and Manikchak block in the district of Malda and Farakka, Samserganj, Raghunathganj and Suti I & II blocks in the district of Murshidabad.[1][3] They are also found scattered in West Bengal in parts of Birbhum, Medinipur & Hooghly and in some places of Anwara upazila of Chittagong district in Bangladesh.[1][4][5]

Present circumstances

The total speakers of Khotta Bhasha is about 10 lakhs in the state of West Bengal.[1] But they all are bilingual and speak and learn Bengali, as Khotta Bhasha has no written form. At present the language has only an intra community conversational status. Bengali is the only medium of education of Khotta People.[1][4][2][3]

Comparison

Comparison of Khotta Bhasha with standard Hindi and Standard Bengali
Khotta Bhasha Hindi (Standard) Bengali (Standard) English
মেরে/হমসব Mere/Hamsab हम Ham আমরা Amra We
মেঙ্কা/হমসবকা Menka/Hamsabka हमारा Hamara আমাদের Amader Our
তুমকো Tumko तुम्हे Tumhe তোমাকে Tomake You
তুমরা Tumra तुम्हारा Tumhara তোমার Tomar Your
উস্কিঙ্কা/উনসবকা Uskinka/Unsabka उनलोगो का Unlogo ka ওদের Oder Their
ম্যায়/হম তুরুনি আমে হেঁ। May/Ham turuni ame he. में जल्दी आ रहा हूं। Mein jaldi a raha hun. আমি জলদি আসছি। Ami joldi aschi. I am coming fast.
উসকে/উনসব সবকে আবে গা। Uske/Unsab sabke abe ga. वो सब आएंगे। Vo sab aenge. ওরা সবাই আসবে। Ora sobai asbe. They will all come.
তুম কুচ্ছু কহে/কহনে সকো নি! Tum kucchu kahe/kahne Sako ni! तुम कुछ कह नहीं सके! Tum kuch kah nahi sake! তুমি কিছু বলতে পারলে না! Tumi kichu bolte parle na! You couldn't say anything
খেলা মে কিস্কে জিতিস? Khela me kiske jitis? खेल में कोन जीता? Khel mein kon jeeta? খেলায় কারা জিতল? Khelay kara jitlo? Who won in the game?
ত্যায় কা করে হে? Tay ka kare he? तू क्या कर रहे है? Tu kya kar rahe hai? তুই কী করছিস? Tui ki korchis? What are you doing?
তুম কি ভাত খালিয়ো হো? Tum ki bhat khaliyo ho? क्या तुमने चावल खा लिया? Kya tumne chaval kha liya? তুমি কি ভাত খেয়ে নিয়েছ? Tumi ki bhat kheye niyecho? Have you eaten rice?
তুমরে/তুমসব কাহলে যাগো নি? Tumre/Tumsab kahle jago ni? तुमलोग कियूं नहीं जाओगे? Tumlog kiyun nahin jaoge? তোমরা কেন যাবে না? Tomra keno jabe na? Why will you not go?
মেরে/হমসব অভ্ভি খেলে/খেলনে যাঙে নি। Mere/Hamsab abhbhi khele/khelne jange ni. हम अभी खेलने नहीं जाऊंगा। Ham abhi khelne nahin jaunga. আমরা এখন খেলতে যাব না। Amra ekhon khelte jabo na. We will not go to play now.
ম্যায়/হম আজ আর লেচু খাঙে নি। May/Ham aj ar lecu khange ni. में आज और लीची नहीं खाऊंगा। Mein aj aur lici nahin khaunga. আমি আজ আর লিচু খাব না। Ami ar licu khabo na. I will no longer eat litchis today.
মিঝকো/মিঝে/হমকো আম খায়মে/খানেমে খুব অচ্ছা লগেই। Mijhko/Mijhe/Hamko am khayme/khaneme khub accha lagei. मुझे आम खाना बहुत पसंद है। Mujhe am khana bahut pasand hai. আমার আম খেতে খুব ভালো লাগে। Amar am khete khub bhalo lage. I like to eat mangoes.
উ লদ্দিকা কাঁধিমে ঘুরে/ঘুরনে গিয়া হা। U laddika kandhime ghure/ghurne giya ha. वह नदी के किनारे घूमने गया है। Vah nadi ke kinare ghumne gaya hai. সে নদীর পাড়ে ঘুরতে গেছে। Se nodir pare ghurte geche. He has gone for a walk along the river.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "West Bengal Commission for Backward Classes Report on Khotta Muslim" (PDF). wbcdc.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-05-27.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b "Khotta Language: Linguistic and Grammatical Identification". academia.edu. Retrieved 2020-05-27.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b Chowdhury, Patit Paban (2013). Maldah jelar khottabhasa bhasa tattwik parjabekhan(মালদহ জেলার খোট্টাভাষা : ভাষাতাত্ত্বিক পর্যবেক্ষণ) (Thesis) (in Bengali). University of North Bengal.
  4. ^ a b "মাতৃভাষা 'খোট্টা'কে আগলে রেখেছেন ওঁরা". anandabazar.com (in Bengali). Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  5. ^ "তাঁরা আছেন আনোয়ারায় | কালের কণ্ঠ". Kalerkantho (in Bengali). 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2022-03-31.