Ushoji
Ushojo.svg
Native toPakistan
RegionSwat, Kohistan
Native speakers
(2,000 cited 1992)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ush
Glottologusho1238
ELPUshojo

Ushoji (natively known as Ushojo) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Kohistan and Swat districts of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Status

Ushoji may be incredibly endangered due to the dominance of the Pashto language in the region, especially in Swat.[2]

Numerals

English gloss Ushoji[3]
1 one ɪk (اِیۡک)
2 two du (دُو)
3 three t͡ʃe (ۡچِے)
4 four t͡ʃar (چَر)
5 five pʰʊʃ (پھُش)
6 six ʃɑ (شَا)
7 seven sɑʈ (سَاٹ)
8 eight ɑʈ (آٹ)
9 nine nəo (نِیُو)
10 ten de (ۡدِے)
10 twenty bɪey (ۡبِئے)
10 hundred sao (سَئو)
10 thousand zʌr (زَرۡ)

Orthography

Ushojo is written in a variety of the Torwali and Shina alphabets in the Perso-Arabic script in the Nastaliq style.[4]

Letter Romanization IPA
آ ā /aː/
أ a /a/
ا ʿ /ʔ/
ب b /b/
پ p /p/
ت t /t/
ٹ /ʈ/
ث (s) /s/
ج ǰ /d͡ʒ/
چ č /t͡ʃ/
ڇ ċ /ʈ͡ʂ/
څ c /t͡s/
ح (h) /h/
خ ǩ /x/
د d /d/
ڈ /ɖ/
ذ (z) /z/
ر r /r/
ڑ /ɽ/
ز z /z/
ڙ ż /ʐ/
ژ ž /ʒ/
س s /s/
ش š /ʃ/
ݜ /ʂ/
ص (s) /s/
ض (d) /d/
ط (t) /t/
ظ (z) /z/
ع ʿ /ʔ/
غ ǧ /ɣ/
ف f /f/
ق (k) /k/
ک k /k/
گ g /ɡ/
ل l /l/
م m /m/
ن n /n/
و w /ʊ~w/
ہ h, x /h/ɦ/
ھ _h /ʰ/
ء ʿ /ʔ/
ی y /j/
ے e /e/

References

  1. ^ Ushoji at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Did you know Ushojo is threatened?".
  3. ^ mpi-lingweb.shh.mpg.de/numeral/Ushojo.htm
  4. ^ https://fli-online.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Ushojo-Alifbe-.pdf[bare URL PDF]

Decker 1992 Ushojo