Native toIndia
RegionNorth Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana, Jharkhand
Native speakers
8.04 million (2011 census)[1][2](additional speakers counted under Hindi)
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Khortha (also romanized as Kortha or Khotta) or alternatively classified as Eastern Magahi[4] is a language which is considered dialect of Magahi language spoken in the Indian state of Jharkhand, mainly in 16 districts of two divisions: North Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana.[3] Khortha is spoken by the Sadaans as native language and used by the tribal as a link language.[5][4] It is most spoken language of Jharkhand.[6][7][8]

Geographical Distribution

Khortha is spoken in North Chota Nagpur division and Santal Pargana division of Jharkhand. The 13 districts are Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Chatra, Ramgarh, Deoghar, Dumka, Sahebganj, Pakur, Godda, and Jamtara.[2]


George Grierson classified Khortha as a dialect of Magahi language in his linguist survey.[5] But recent study demonstrate that Khortha is similar to other Bihari languages of Jharkhand called Sadani than Magahi language.[9]


Kings of Ramgarh Raj were patron of literature. During reign of Dalel Singh, his court poet Padma Das had translated Hitopadesha from Sanskrit to Khortha for his son Rudra Singh.[10]

In 1950, Sriniwas Panuri translated Kali Das's Meghadutam in Khortha. In 1956, he composed two works Balkiran and Divyajyoti. Bhubaneswar Dutta Sharma, Sriniwas Panuri, Viswanath Dasaundhi and Viswanath Nagar were among first people who started literature in Khortha. Some prominent writers in Khortha language are A.K Jha, Shivnath Pramanik, B.N Ohdar.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ a b "Magahi". ethnologue.
  3. ^ a b "Jharkhand gives second language status to Magahi, Angika, Bhojpuri and Maithili". Avenue Mail. 2018-03-21. Retrieved 2020-05-27.
  4. ^ a b "LSI Vol-5 part-2". dsal. p. 145. Eastern Magahi
  5. ^ a b c Atul Aman, Niladri Sekhar Dash, Jayashree Chakraborty (January 2020). "DESIGNING A LINGUISTIC PROFILE OF KHORTHA: A LESS RESOURCED LANGUAGE SPOKEN IN THE STATE OF JHARKHAND, INDIA". ResearchGate. Retrieved 11 August 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Pattanayak, Binay. Language Diversity in Jharkhand.
  7. ^ "Magahi". Ethnologue. 2014-01-17. Retrieved 2022-08-14.
  8. ^ "Khortha a Dying Language and Urgency to Retain its Pure Variety". ResearchGate.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Paudyal, Netra P.; Peterson, John (2020-09-01). "How one language became four: the impact of different contact-scenarios between "Sadani" and the tribal languages of Jharkhand". Journal of South Asian Languages and Linguistics. 7 (2): 275–306. doi:10.1515/jsall-2021-2028. ISSN 2196-078X.
  10. ^ "Raja dalel singh". anandlink. Retrieved 7 November 2022.