|Region||North Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana, Jharkhand|
|8.04 million (2011 census)(additional speakers counted under Hindi)|
Official language in
Khortha (also romanized as Kortha or Khotta) or alternatively classified as Eastern Magahi is a language which is considered dialect of Magahi language spoken in the Indian state of Jharkhand, mainly in 16 districts of two divisions: North Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana. Khortha is spoken by the Sadaans as native language and used by the tribal as a link language. It is most spoken language of Jharkhand.
Khortha is spoken in North Chota Nagpur division and Santal Pargana division of Jharkhand. The 13 districts are Hazaribagh, Koderma, Giridih, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Chatra, Ramgarh, Deoghar, Dumka, Sahebganj, Pakur, Godda, and Jamtara.
George Grierson classified Khortha as a dialect of Magahi language in his linguist survey. But recent study demonstrate that Khortha is similar to other Bihari languages of Jharkhand called Sadani than Magahi language.
Kings of Ramgarh Raj were patron of literature. During reign of Dalel Singh, his court poet Padma Das had translated Hitopadesha from Sanskrit to Khortha for his son Rudra Singh.
In 1950, Sriniwas Panuri translated Kali Das's Meghadutam in Khortha. In 1956, he composed two works Balkiran and Divyajyoti. Bhubaneswar Dutta Sharma, Sriniwas Panuri, Viswanath Dasaundhi and Viswanath Nagar were among first people who started literature in Khortha. Some prominent writers in Khortha language are A.K Jha, Shivnath Pramanik, B.N Ohdar.
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