Shauraseni Prakrit
Śaurasenī Prākṛta
Brahmi: 𑀰𑁅𑀭𑀲𑁂𑀦𑀻
Erac. 3rd to 10th centuries AD
Language codes
ISO 639-3psu

Shauraseni Prakrit (Sanskrit: शौरसेनी प्राकृत, romanizedŚaurasenī Prākṛta) was a Middle Indo-Aryan language and a Dramatic Prakrit. Shauraseni was the chief language used in drama in medieval northern India. Most of the material in this language originates from the 3rd to 10th centuries, and represented a regional language variety with minor modifications to the same linguistic substratum as other Dramatic Prakrit varieties.[1] It may be based on the spoken vernacular around the 2nd century BC in the ancient state of Surasena.

Among the Prakrits, Shauraseni is said to be the one most closely related to Classical Sanskrit in that it "is derived from the Old Indian Indo-Aryan dialect of the Madhyadeśa on which Classical Sanskrit was mainly based."[2]: 3–4  Its descendants include Punjabi, Gujarati, Rajasthani and Western Hindi.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Andrew Ollett (10 October 2017). "5". Figuring Prakrit. pp. 111–140. doi:10.1525/LUMINOS.37.E. ISBN 978-0-520-96881-3. Wikidata Q120550567. ((cite book)): |journal= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Woolner, Alfred C. "Introduction to Prakrit". Calcutta: University of the Punjab. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  3. ^ Joglekar, Satish (10 June 2023). Window to Ancient India : A Tryst with Ancient Science & Philosophy Part II : Languages, Linguistic Systems and Indian Logic System vis-a-vis the Greeks. StoryMirror Infotech Pvt. p. 68. ISBN 978-93-90267-91-0.