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The word "Haryanvi" written in Devanagari script
Native toIndia, Pakistan[a]
EthnicityHaryanvi people
Native speakers
10 million (2011)[1]
Devanagari, Nastaliq[a]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bgc
Distribution of native Haryanvi speakers in India

Haryanvi (हरियाणवी hariyāṇvī or हरयाणवी harayāṇvī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Indian state of Haryana and the territory of Delhi.[2][3][4] Haryanvi is considered to be part of the dialect group of Western Hindi, which also includes Khariboli and Braj. It is written in the Devanagari script.[5]

In popular culture

Bollywood films like Dangal,[6] Sultan, and Tanu Weds Manu: Returns have used the Haryanvi culture and language as the backdrop of their films.[7] These movies have received warm appreciation throughout India and abroad.[8][9] As a result, some non-native speakers have shown an interest in learning the language.[10][11]

Haryanvi has successfully made its presence count into Indian cinema,[12][13] TV[14] popular music albums[15][16][17] & academia.[18][19] With the influence of Haryana in the fields of sports, Bollywood, defense,[20][21][22] industrialization[23][24] & politics[25][26][27] the Haryanvi language and culture[28] has also been promoted in significant proportion. Some notable speakers of Haryanvi include the Phogat sisters,[29][30] Vijender Singh,[31] Sushil Kumar,[32] Baba Ramdev,[33][34] Dushyant Chautala, Randeep Hooda,[35] Satish Kaushik.[36]

The character Virendra Pratap Singh of the show Molkki (2020-2022), played by Amar Upadhyay, speaks Haryanvi.[37]

Rangri dialect

Main article: Rangri dialect (Haryanvi)

After Partition, 1.2 million Haryanvi-speaking Muslims migrated from Haryana and Delhi in India to Pakistan. Today in Pakistan, it is a "mother tongue" of millions of Muley Jat and Ranghar Muslims. They live in thousands of villages in Punjab, Pakistan, and hundreds of villages in Sindh and all over Pakistan. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many Uttar Pradesh Ranghars also migrated to Sindh in Pakistan and mostly settling in Karachi.

These people have settled down mainly in the districts of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Bhakkar, Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan District (specially in Khanpur tehsil), Okara, Layyah, Vehari, Sahiwal, Phullarwan in Sargodha District and Multan of Punjab. In districts of Pakpattan, Okara, and Bahawalnagar which have the densest concentrations of Rāngrri Speakers, they consist mostly of small peasants, with many serving in the army, police and Civil Services. They maintain an overarching tribal council (panchayat in the Rānghari language), which deals with a number of issues, such as punishments for petty crime or co-operation over village projects.[38] Haryanvi Speakers are also found in Mirpur Khas and Nawabshah Districts of Sindh. Most Ranghar are now bilingual, speaking Urdu language as National. Punjabi, Saraiki and Sindhi as Regional, as well as still speaking Rāngrri language as "First Language" or "Mother Language" or "Village Language" or "Community language".

A large number of Ranghars are also found in the capital city of Islamabad. They speak Urdu with Rāngrri accent. Muley Jats, in addition, the Odh community in Pakistan also speak Rānghari as their mother tongue.

See also


  1. ^ a b For the Rangri dialect of Haryanvi spoken in Pakistan.


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  2. ^ "The Languages of Delhi – A Microcosm of India's Diversity". The Wire. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
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  4. ^ Grierson, George Abraham (1916). Linguistic Survey of India: Volume IX, Indo-Aryan Family: Central Group, Part 1, Specimens of Western Hindī and Pañjābī. Superintendent of Government Printing. p. 1.
  5. ^ Haryanvi at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
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  29. ^ "Story of six Sisters: 'Dangal' sisters in real world | Free Press Journal". Free Press Journal. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Vinesh Phogat:First female Indian wrestler to win gold at Asian Games". The Indian Express. 9 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Vijender Singh to fight British boxer Lee Markham for 3rd title". Hindustan Times. 6 June 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  32. ^ "Sushil Kumar opts out of World Wrestling Championship; Asiad bronze-medallist Divya Kakran withdraws through injury - Firstpost". Firstpost. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  33. ^ "Baba Ramdev's Patanjali launches dairy products; expects Rs 1,000 crore revenue by 2020". Business Today. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
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  38. ^ Muslim Communities of South Asia Culture, Society and Power edited T N Madan pages 42–43