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Haryanvi
हरयाणवी
Native toIndia
RegionHaryana and Delhi
EthnicityHaryanvi people
Native speakers
9,810,900 (2011)[1]
Devanagari
Language codes
ISO 639-3bgc
Glottologhary1238
Haryanvi map.png
Distribution of Haryanvi speakers

Haryanvi (हरियाणवी hariyāṇvī or हरयाणवी harayāṇvī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the state of Haryana in India, and to a lesser extent in Delhi.[2] Haryanvi is considered to be part of the dialect group of Western Hindi, which also includes Khariboli and Braj. It is written in the Devanagari script.[3]

In popular culture

Bollywood films like Dangal,[4] Sultan, and Tanu Weds Manu: Returns have used the Haryanvi culture and language as the backdrop of their films.[5] These movies have received warm appreciation throughout India and abroad.[6][7] As a result, some non-native speakers have shown an interest in learning the language.[8][9]

Haryanvi has successfully made its presence count into Indian cinema,[10][11] TV[12] popular music albums[13][14][15] & academia.[16][17] With the influence of Haryana in the fields of sports, Bollywood, defense,[18][19][20] industrialization[21][22] & politics[23][24][25] the Haryanvi language and culture[26] has also been promoted in significant proportion. Some notable speakers of Haryanvi include the Phogat sisters,[27][28] Vijender Singh,[29] Sushil Kumar,[30] Baba Ramdev,[31][32] Dushyant Chautala, Randeep Hooda,[33] Satish Kaushik.[34]

The character Virendra Pratap Singh of the show Molkki (2020-present), played by Amar Upadhyay speaks Haryanvi.[35]

In Pakistan

After Partition, 1.2 million Haryanvi-speaking Muslims migrated from Haryana and Delhi in India to Pakistan. Today in Pakistan, it is a "mother tongue" of millions of Muley Jat and Ranghar Muslims. They live in thousands of villages in Punjab, Pakistan, and hundreds of villages in Sindh and all over Pakistan. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many Uttar Pradesh Ranghars also migrated to Sindh in Pakistan and mostly settling in Karachi.

These people have settled down mainly in the districts of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Bhakkar, Bahawalnagar, Rahim yar Khan District (specially in Khanpur tehsil), Okara, Layyah, Vehari, Sahiwal, Phullarwan District Sargodha and Multan of Punjab. In districts of Pakpattan, Okara, and Bahawalnagar which have the densest concentrations of Rāngrri Speakers, they consist mostly of small peasants, with many serving in the army, police and Civil Services. They maintain an overarching tribal council (panchayat in the Rānghari language), which deals with a number of issues, such as punishments for petty crime or co-operation over village projects.[36] Haryanvi Speakers are also found in Mirpur Khas and Nawabshah Districts of Sindh. Most Ranghar are now bilingual, speaking Urdu language as National. Punjabi, Saraiki and Sindhi as Regional, as well as still speaking Rāngrri language as "First Language" or "Mother Language" or "Village Language" or "Community language". A large number of Ranghars are also found in the capital city of Islamabad. They speak Urdu with Rāngrri accent. Muley Jats, in addition, the Odh community in Pakistan also speak Rānghari as their mother tongue.

See also

References

  1. ^ Haryanvi at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
  2. ^ "The Languages of Delhi – A Microcosm of India's Diversity". The Wire. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Haryanvi". Multitree. Retrieved 8 October 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Aamir Khan's Dangal Declared Tax Free in Haryana". NDTV.com. 25 December 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Haryanvi cinema booms". HT. 23 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  6. ^ "South Korean First Lady, a Fan of Dangal, Invites Phogat Sisters For Tea". News18. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  7. ^ "As audiences embrace local stories, should Bollywood tap into 'Make in India'?". Moneycontrol. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Foreigner speaks with locals in Haryanvi, leaves big smiles on their faces". Hindustan Times. 8 February 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Cabbies Confess: 'I Want Google Maps to Talk in Haryanvi'". The Quint. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Haryanvi cinema vies to create its own space". Hindustan Times. 23 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Reel good news: Filmmaking accorded status of industry in Haryana". Hindustan Times. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  12. ^ Labhde, Bhagyashree. "Had to undergo rigorous training to learn Haryanvi for Super Sisters: Muskan Bamne". Mumbai Live. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  13. ^ "'Hat Ja Tau' a typical small-town wedding song". Friday Moviez. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Latest Haryanvi Song Ek Chhori Ne Sabki Leni Kar Rakhi Sung By Masoom Sharma Haryanvi". The Times of India. 29 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Latest Haryanvi Song Mohtarma Bawal Sung By Masoom Sharma". The Times of India. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  16. ^ "Poet Hali: A Haryanvi to the 'red-ripe'". The Tribune. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Need to respect Haryanvi dialect and create culturally linked transitional courses for Haryana's rural kids". www.merinews.com. 3 June 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  18. ^ "Veer Ahirs of Rewari fought valiently at Rezangla, Ladakh in 1962 war". The Print. 18 November 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Nobody believed we had killed so many Chinese at Rezang La in 1962, 13 Kumaon Regiment". Indian Express. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Rewari to get Army recruitment centre: FM rajnath Singh in Haryana". The Times of India. 17 November 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Economic Development in Haryana, GSDP of Haryana, HSIIDC". www.ibef.org. August 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  22. ^ "BJP seeks Harayana votes on the promise of delivering Skill enhancement & growth". www.tribuneindia.com. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  23. ^ "Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar gives NOC for dam's construction - Times of India". The Times of India. 22 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Various political leaders from Haryana including Bhupinder Singh Hooda, AIJASS chief Yashpal Malik invited by PM Modi for inauguration of 64-foot tall statue of peasant leader Chhotu Ram". The Times of India. No. 6 October 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  25. ^ "Haryana Govt: Babus to Pay 1 Re/KM for use of swanky SUVs". Economic Times. No. 4 October 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  26. ^ Pioneer, The (7 September 2018). "Haryana Govt okays film policy for growth of Haryanvi, non-Haryanvi cinema". The Pioneer. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  27. ^ "Story of six Sisters: 'Dangal' sisters in real world | Free Press Journal". Free Press Journal. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  28. ^ "Vinesh Phogat:First female Indian wrestler to win gold at Asian Games". The Indian Express. 9 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  29. ^ "Vijender Singh to fight British boxer Lee Markham for 3rd title". Hindustan Times. 6 June 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  30. ^ "Sushil Kumar opts out of World Wrestling Championship; Asiad bronze-medallist Divya Kakran withdraws through injury - Firstpost". Firstpost. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  31. ^ "Baba Ramdev's Patanjali launches dairy products; expects Rs 1,000 crore revenue by 2020". Business Today. 14 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  32. ^ "The universe is governed by laws of Vedas: Yog guru Baba Ramdev". The Times of India. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  33. ^ Patra, Pratyush (13 April 2016). "Haryanvi boys Randeep Hooda and Fazilpuria shoot in Gurgaon". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  34. ^ Batra, Ankur (13 April 2018). "Satish Kaushik enters Haryanvi cinema". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  35. ^ "'You have to be true to your character'". The Pioneer. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  36. ^ Muslim Communities of South Asia Culture, Society and Power edited T N Madan pages 42–43