This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Layyah District" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Layyah District
ضلع لیّہ
Layyah
Old layyah city site.jpg
Shrine of Lal esan At Karor Layyah.jpg
Top: Old Layyah City
Shrine in Karor Lal Esan
Map of Layyah District (highlighted in red)
Map of Layyah District (highlighted in red)
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
DivisionDera Ghazi Khan
HeadquartersLayyah city
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerZeeshan Javaid [1]
 • District Health OfficerN/A
 • District Naib Nazim نائب ناظمN/A
Area
 • Total6,289 km2 (2,428 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[2]
 • Total1,823,995
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils3

Layyah District (Urdu: ضلع ليّہ, Punjabi: ضلع ليہ), is a district in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province. Layyah City is the district headquarter of Layyah District. Layyah has hot desert climate.[3]

The main languages spoken in the district include Saraiki (66.67%), Punjabi (27.79%), Urdu (2.78%), and Pashto (2.29%).[2]

Geography

It lies between 30–45 to 31–24 deg north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 deg east longitudes. The area consists of a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the Indus River and the Chenab River in Sindh Sagar Doab. The total area covered by the district is 6,291 km2 with a width from east to west of 88 kilometres (55 mi) and a length from north to south of 72 kilometres (45 mi).

History

The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, who laid foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around 1610, the town was taken from the Rulers, who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but three years later it was included in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to Mankera. In 1794, Humayun Shah, the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near Layyah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzaffargarh District. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three Tehsils: Layyah, Karor and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875.[4]

Administrative divisions

The district of Layyah is made up of three tehsils:[5]

  1. Chaubara Tehsil
  2. Karor Lal Esan Tehsil
  3. Layyah Tehsil

Main Towns

There are Four main towns of District Layyah are:[6]

  1. Chowk Azam
  2. Fatehpur
  3. Kot Sultan
  4. Pahar Pur

Education

According to Pakistan District Education Ranking, a report released by Alif Ailaan, Layyah is ranked at number 38 out of 155 districts nationally with an education score of 66.76. The learning score of Layyah is 70.8.[7] The readiness score of Layyah is 65.13 ranking the district at number 31. Furthermore, the school infrastructure score of Layyah is 94.38, placing it a national rank of 18.[7] The score reflects that most schools in Layyah have all basic facilities e.g. electricity, drinking water and functional toilets. The issues reported in TaleemDo! App by the residents of Layyah suggest that students of government schools have low confidence as compared to private schools, but the students can’t go to private schools because of high fees. Complaints about quality of teachers and a few basic facilities are also the issues reported in the app.

Higher Education

In education Layyah is improving day by day.[8]

Public Sector Colleges

There are 20 colleges available for the education of males and females of Layyah.[9]

  1. Boys 06
  2. Girls 09
  3. Commerce 05
Total 20

Private Sector Colleges

  1. Boys 08
  2. Girls 03
  3. Commerce & Business 03
Total 14

Public Sector Universities

  1. Bahadar Sub-Campus of BZU[10]

Departments

Colleges

Private Sector Universities

  1. Govt. College University Faisalabad (Layyah Campus)
  2. University of Education, Lahore (Layyah Campus)
  3. Govt. College University, Lahore (Layyah Campus)
  4. National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore (Layyah Campus)

Small Dams

There are 17 small dams in the district to provide water for irrigation.[11]

  1. Khokher Zer Dam
  2. Surlah Dam
  3. Dhok Talian Dam
  4. Kot Raja Dam
  5. Dhoke Qutab Din Dam
  6. Nikka Dam
  7. Walana Dam
  8. Khai Gurabh Dam
  9. Pira Fatehal Dam
  10. Bhagtal Dam
  11. Dhurnal Dam
  12. Mial Dam
  13. Kanwal Dam
  14. Dhrabi Dam
  15. Khai Dam
  16. Chowkhandi Dam
  17. Minwal Dam

Industries

There are multiple industries in Layyah.[8]

Total 78

Land Statistics

Land of Layyah is categorized in 6 parts.[8]

Types of irrigation

Irrigation of layyah is divided in 3 types.[8]

Transportation

There are 2 main means of transportation used in layyah listed below.[12]

Road Network

Road Network of the district is linked as:

Layyah toward Kot Addu-Muzaffargarh,
D.G.Khan, Rajanpur and so on to Karachi
Layyah to Bhakhar-Mianwali and so on to Islamabad
Layyah to Multan
Layyah to Jhang-Toba Tek Singh-Faisalabad-Sahiwal and so on to Lahore

Rail Network

Rail Network of the district is linked as:

Rail Network also available for Layyah to Muzaffargarh & Multan and Layyah to Bhakkar - Mianwali to Rawalpindi / Islamabad

Floods

Sehar village residents flood-prone Layyah district, had seen their homes repeatedly inundated and they finally took matters into their own hands and rebuilt their homes on raised dirt platforms five to six feet high, shored up with eucalyptus trees planted around the edges.[13][14][15]

Demography

At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 1,823,995, of which 924,837 were males and 899,016 females. Rural population is 1,502,821 while the urban population is 321,174. The literacy rate was 58.19%. Muslims were the predominant religious community with 99.35% of the population while Christians were 0.53% of the population.[2]

At the time of the 2017 census, 66.67% of the population spoke Saraiki, 27.79% Punjabi, 2.78% Urdu and 2.29% Pashto as their first language.[2]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Our DCOs / DCs | Layyah". layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  2. ^ a b c d "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Climate | Layyah". layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  4. ^ History Layyah Archived 5 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Three Tehsils of Layyah District". punjab.gov.pk. Punjab Portal. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Layyah | Punjab Portal". www.punjab.gov.pk.
  7. ^ a b "Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017" (PDF). elections.alifailaan.pk. Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d "District Profile | Layyah". layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  9. ^ "D.G. Khan list of colleges" (PDF). Higher Education Department, Government of The Punjab.
  10. ^ "BZU Sub-Campus Bahadur, Layyah -Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan". www.bzu.edu.pk.
  11. ^ "Small Dams | Layyah". layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  12. ^ "Transportation | Layyah". layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  13. ^ "In homegrown innovation, Sehar village rises above flood woes". DAWN.COM. 16 November 2015.
  14. ^ Correspondent, The Newspaper's (23 July 2015). "Fight against fury as Layyah's 382 villages inundated". DAWN.COM.
  15. ^ Haider, Dawn com | Irfan (21 July 2015). "Relief operations under way in flood-hit areas". DAWN.COM.

Coordinates: 30°57′37″N 70°56′32″E / 30.9602°N 70.9423°E / 30.9602; 70.9423