|Division||Dera Ghazi Khan|
|• Type||District Administration|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Zeeshan Javaid |
|• District Health Officer||N/A|
|• District Naib Nazim نائب ناظم||N/A|
|• Total||6,289 km2 (2,428 sq mi)|
|• Density||290/km2 (750/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of Tehsils||3|
Layyah District (Urdu: ضلع ليّہ, Punjabi: ضلع ليہ), is a district in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province. Layyah City is the district headquarter of Layyah District. Layyah has hot desert climate.
The main languages spoken in the district include Saraiki (66.67%), Punjabi (27.79%), Urdu (2.78%), and Pashto (2.29%).
It lies between 30–45 to 31–24 deg north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 deg east longitudes. The area consists of a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the Indus River and the Chenab River in Sindh Sagar Doab. The total area covered by the district is 6,291 km2 with a width from east to west of 88 kilometres (55 mi) and a length from north to south of 72 kilometres (45 mi).
The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, who laid foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around 1610, the town was taken from the Rulers, who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but three years later it was included in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to Mankera. In 1794, Humayun Shah, the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near Layyah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzaffargarh District. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three Tehsils: Layyah, Karor and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875.
The district of Layyah is made up of three tehsils:
There are Four main towns of District Layyah are:
According to Pakistan District Education Ranking, a report released by Alif Ailaan, Layyah is ranked at number 38 out of 155 districts nationally with an education score of 66.76. The learning score of Layyah is 70.8. The readiness score of Layyah is 65.13 ranking the district at number 31. Furthermore, the school infrastructure score of Layyah is 94.38, placing it a national rank of 18. The score reflects that most schools in Layyah have all basic facilities e.g. electricity, drinking water and functional toilets. The issues reported in TaleemDo! App by the residents of Layyah suggest that students of government schools have low confidence as compared to private schools, but the students can’t go to private schools because of high fees. Complaints about quality of teachers and a few basic facilities are also the issues reported in the app.
In education Layyah is improving day by day.
There are 20 colleges available for the education of males and females of Layyah.
There are 17 small dams in the district to provide water for irrigation.
There are multiple industries in Layyah.
Land of Layyah is categorized in 6 parts.
Irrigation of layyah is divided in 3 types.
There are 2 main means of transportation used in layyah listed below.
Road Network of the district is linked as:
Layyah toward Kot Addu-Muzaffargarh,
D.G.Khan, Rajanpur and so on to Karachi
Layyah to Bhakhar-Mianwali and so on to Islamabad
Layyah to Multan
Layyah to Jhang-Toba Tek Singh-Faisalabad-Sahiwal and so on to Lahore
Rail Network of the district is linked as:
Rail Network also available for Layyah to Muzaffargarh & Multan and Layyah to Bhakkar - Mianwali to Rawalpindi / Islamabad
Sehar village residents flood-prone Layyah district, had seen their homes repeatedly inundated and they finally took matters into their own hands and rebuilt their homes on raised dirt platforms five to six feet high, shored up with eucalyptus trees planted around the edges.
At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 1,823,995, of which 924,837 were males and 899,016 females. Rural population is 1,502,821 while the urban population is 321,174. The literacy rate was 58.19%. Muslims were the predominant religious community with 99.35% of the population while Christians were 0.53% of the population.
At the time of the 2017 census, 66.67% of the population spoke Saraiki, 27.79% Punjabi, 2.78% Urdu and 2.29% Pashto as their first language.