Panchmail Khichari
RegionNorth India
EraMediaeval period
  • Indo-Iranian
    • Indo-Aryan
      • Sadhukkadi
SourcesHindustani, Haryanvi, Braj Bhasha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Marwari, and Punjabi
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Sadhukkadi (Devanagari: सधुक्कड़ी) was a vernacular dialect of the Hindi Belt of medieval North India, and a mix of Hindustani, Haryanvi, Braj Bhasha, Awadhi, Marwari, Bhojpuri and Punjabi, hence it is also commonly called a Panchmail Khichari.[1][2] Since it is simpler, it is used in adult literacy books or early literacy books.[3][4][2]

It is common variant of Hindi and finds place in the oral tradition and the writings of medieval poets and saints in Hindi Literature like Kabir and Guru Nanak.[5] Other poets like Mirabai, Baba Farid, and Shah Latif used it in addition to local variations of Rajasthani, Punjabi and Sindhi languages.[2]

The term "Sadhukkadi" was coined by Ramchandra Shukla (1884-1941), and not all scholars agree with the use of this term, or the identity of the languages which it covers.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Hindi Literature
  2. ^ a b c Amiya Dev; Sisir Kumar Das (1989). Comparative literature: theory and practice. Indian Institute of Advanced Study in association with Allied Publishers. p. 110. ISBN 8170230179.
  3. ^ Sushama Merh-Ashraf (2004). Adult education in India: search for a paradigm. Sunrise Publications. p. 186. ISBN 8187365129.
  4. ^ Hindi Literature
  5. ^ Robert W. Stevenson (1994). Hermeneutical paths to the sacred worlds of India: essays in honour of Robert W. Stevenson. Scholars Press. p. 232. ISBN 1555409520.
  6. ^ David N. Lorenzen (1991). Kabir Legends and Ananta-Das's Kabir Parachai. SUNY Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-7914-0461-4.