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Chhattisgarhi
छत्तीसगढ़ी, ଛତିଶଗଡ଼ି,
ଲରିଆ
Native toIndia
RegionChhattisgarh and minor Odisha, Maharashtra
Native speakers
18 million, partial count, including Surgujia (2011 census)[1]
(additional speakers counted under Hindi)
Dialects
Devanagari
Odia
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
hne – Chhattisgarhi
sgj – Surgujia
Glottologchha1249
Linguasphere59-AAF-ta

Chhattisgarhi (छत्तीसगढ़ी / ଛତିଶଗଡ଼ି) is an Indo-Aryan language, spoken by approximately 16 million people from Chhattisgarh & other states.[2] It is mostly spoken in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh & Maharashtra. It is closely related to (and counted by the Indian national census as a dialect of) Hindi.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial Dental/
Alveolar
Retroflex Post-alv./
Palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɳ ɲ ŋ
Stop/
Affricate
voiceless p t ʈ k
aspirated ʈʰ tʃʰ
voiced b d ɖ ɡ
breathy ɖʱ dʒʱ ɡʱ
Fricative s h
Trill/Tap voiced r ɽ
breathy ɽʱ
Lateral voiced l
breathy
Approximant ʋ j

Vowels

Front Central Back
High
ɪ ʊ
Mid ə
ɛ ɔ
Low

See also

Sources

References

  1. ^ 16.3 million for Chhattisgarhi and 1.74 million for Surgujia.
    Chhattisgarhi at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Surgujia at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  2. ^ "Languages of Chhattisgarh". Chhattisgarh Tourism. Archived from the original on 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2021-10-14.

Bibliography