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Raigarh
Raigarh
Raigarh Railway Station.jpg
Hemu kalani chowk raigarh - panoramio.jpg
Kelo-River.jpg
Kelo river.jpg
TV-Tower.jpg
Sunrise-in-Raigarh.JPG
From top, left to right : Raigarh Railway Station , Hemu kalani chowk raigarh, Kelo-River, River flows through Raigarh city, TV tower, Sunrise in Raigarh.
Raigarh map
Raigarh map
Raigarh
Location in Chhattisgarh,India
Raigarh map
Raigarh map
Raigarh
Raigarh (India)
Coordinates: 21°48′N 83°18′E / 21.8°N 83.3°E / 21.8; 83.3Coordinates: 21°48′N 83°18′E / 21.8°N 83.3°E / 21.8; 83.3
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictRaigarh
Government
 • BodyRaigarh (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
 • MLAPrakash Naik (Indian National Congress)
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
137,126
 • RankIndia 290th
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
496 001 (Raigarh)[1]
Area code7762
Vehicle registrationCG 13
Sex ratio1000/985 /
Websitewww.raigarh.gov.in

Raigarh is a city in Eastern Chhattisgarh.

History

Main article: Raigarh State

The tradition preserved by the ruling family of the erstwhile state of Raigarh maintains that the Raj Gond family migrated to this region from Bairagarh/Wariagarh of Chanda district of Maharashtra state about the beginning of the eighteenth century and first stayed at Phuljhar in Raipur district. From there Madan Singh, head of the family migrated to Banda of the present-day Raigarh. The successor kings of Raigarh state after Maharaja Madan Singh were Maharaja Takhat Singh, Maharaha Beth Singh, Maharaja Dilip Singh, Maharaja Jujhar Singh, Maharaja Devnath Singh, Maharaja Ghansyam Singh, Maharaja Bhupdev Singh, Maharaja Natwar Singh, and Maharaja Chakradhar Singh. Truly speaking music, dance, and literature got fillip during the reign of Maharaja Bhupdev Singh and developed further during the rule of Maharaja Chakradhar Singh.[2] Prior to Indian Independence, Raigarh was capital of Princely State of Raigarh.[3]

Geography and climate

Raigarh is located at 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4.[4] It has an average elevation of 215 metres (705 feet). The Kelo river flows through the city, which is one of its main water sources.[5]

The minimum-maximum temperature range is 29.5 - 49 °C in summer, and 8 - 25 °C in winter.

Climate data for Raigarh (1981–2010, extremes 1951–2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
39.4
(102.9)
43.0
(109.4)
46.0
(114.8)
48.3
(118.9)
47.2
(117.0)
41.8
(107.2)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
38.6
(101.5)
36.6
(97.9)
34.4
(93.9)
48.3
(118.9)
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
30.8
(87.4)
35.5
(95.9)
39.8
(103.6)
41.4
(106.5)
37.4
(99.3)
32.2
(90.0)
31.2
(88.2)
32.2
(90.0)
32.4
(90.3)
30.3
(86.5)
28.2
(82.8)
33.3
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.5
(68.9)
24.8
(76.6)
27.5
(81.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
21.4
(70.5)
Record low °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.8
(46.0)
12.2
(54.0)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.6
(65.5)
18.4
(65.1)
20.2
(68.4)
13.4
(56.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.7
(0.66)
16.0
(0.63)
14.3
(0.56)
14.7
(0.58)
34.5
(1.36)
202.0
(7.95)
403.5
(15.89)
401.9
(15.82)
230.7
(9.08)
46.6
(1.83)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
1,394.7
(54.91)
Average rainy days 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 2.1 8.5 15.8 16.2 11.0 2.8 0.6 0.2 62.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 49 40 31 26 30 53 75 79 75 62 53 51 52
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Language and demographics

See also: List of cities in Chhattisgarh

Languages spoken are Chhattisgarhi Hindi, and Odia. The demographics of the city consist mainly of people from Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Haryana and Bihar. A sizeable community of Bengali, Telugu and Marathi speaking people also live here.

As of 2001 India census,[8] Raigarh district had a population of 12,69,925,[9] and the city of Raigarh a population of 364,287. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Raigarh has an average literacy rate of 71%, male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 62%. About 80% of the population are Hindus, 15% Christians, and the remaining 5% are other religions. In Raigarh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education

The average literacy rate in Raigarh district as per census 2011 is 85.22 % of which males and females are 92.01 % and 78.09 % literates respectively. As of the 2011 Census of India, Raigarh had 55 primary schools, 37 middle schools, 9 secondary schools and 16 senior-secondary school, along with 2 arts and commerce colleges (including Kirodimal Government Arts and Science College), 1 law college, 1 Medical College(Late Shri Lakhiram Agrawal Medical College), 1 polytechnic college.[10] O.P. Jindal University and Kirodimal Institute of Technology are newer institutions in the city.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Raigarh
  2. ^ Poyam, Akash (18 December 2015). "Story of Gond Raja Chakradhar Singh: Scholar, Musician, Dancer". Adivasi Resurgence. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Raigarh State". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raigarh
  5. ^ "Raigarh · Chhattisgarh 496001, India".
  6. ^ "Station: Raigarh Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 641–642. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ Raigarh District Official Website
  10. ^ "Chhattisgarh Census 2011 - Town Amenities". Retrieved 17 February 2022.