India is a country in South Asia and is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, home to nearly 17.5 percent of the world's population.[1] India consists of twenty-eight states and eight union territories.[2]

The first official population census of India was conducted in 1872 and every ten years since 1951 by the office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs.[3][4] The latest official census was conducted in 2011.[5]

As per Government of India, an urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs), or two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without outgrowths of such towns. An Urban Agglomeration must consist of at least a statutory town and its total population should not be less than 20,000 as per the 2001 Census. In varying local conditions, there were similar other combinations that have been treated as urban agglomerations satisfying the basic condition of contiguity.[6] As per the 2011 census, there were 53 urban agglomerations or cities with population of 1 million and above.[7]

List

Following is the list of urban agglomerations in India. The cities/urban agglomerations which are listed in bold are either the capital of the respective state or union territory or the capital is part of the respective urban agglomeration.

Rank Town/UA State/UT Pop. (2023)[8] Area (km)2 (2011)[9] Pop. (2011)[7] Pop. (2001)[9] Pop. (1991)[9]
1 Delhi Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh 31,190,000 1,139.48 16,314,838 12,877,470 8,419,084
2 Mumbai Maharashtra 25,189,000 1,063.49 18,394,912 16,434,386 12,596,243
3 Kolkata West Bengal 21,747,000 1,056.13 14,112,536 13,205,697 11,021,918
4 Bangalore Karnataka 15,257,000 748.42 8,499,399 5,701,446 4,130,288
5 Chennai Tamil Nadu 11,570,000 932.47 8,696,010 6,560,242 5,421,985
6 Hyderabad Telengana 9,797,000 1,225.59 7,749,334 5,742,036 4,344,437
7 Ahmedabad Gujarat 8,006,000 1,060.95 6,352,254 4,525,013 3,312,216
8 Pune Maharashtra 6,819,000 502.78 5,049,968 3,760,636 2,493,987
9 Surat Gujarat 6,601,000 431.01 4,585,367 2,811,614 1,518,950
10 Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 4,661,000 393.6 2,901,474 2,245,509 1,669,204
11 Jaipur Rajasthan 4,360,000 484.16 3,073,350 2,322,575 1,518,235
12 Kanpur Uttar Pradesh 4,350,000 301.16 2,920,067 2,715,555 2,257,200
13 Indore Madhya Pradesh 3,765,000 233.6 2,167,447 1,506,062 1,109,056
14 Nagpur Maharashtra 3,493,000 229.2 2,497,777 2,129,500 1,664,006
15 Patna Bihar 3,331,000 142.46 2,046,652 1,697,976 1,099,647
16 Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 3,229,000 118.68 1,435,113 1,203,961 1,030,863
17 Kozhikode Kerala 3,049,000 909.79 2,030,519 880,247 801,190
18 Thiruvananthapuram Kerala 2,851,000 542.57 1,687,406 889,635 826,225
19 Agra Uttar Pradesh 2,737,000 166.21 1,746,467 1,331,339 948,063
20 Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2,562,000 336.06 1,883,381 1,458,416 1,062,771
21 Coimbatore Tamil Nadu 2,551,000 696.25 2,151,466 1,461,139 1,100,746
22 Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh 2,438,000 115.46 1,216,719 1,042,229 844,546
23 Kochi Kerala 2,381,000 843.84 2,117,990 1,355,972 1,140,605
24 Ludhiana Punjab 2,205,000 159.37 1,613,878 1,398,467 1,042,740
25 Vadodara Gujarat 2,182,000 420.2 1,817,191 1,692,000 1,100,000
26 Chandigarh Chandigarh, Punjab, Haryana 2,168,000 105.68 1,025,682 808,515 575,829
27 Madurai Tamil Nadu 2,048,000 151.34 1,462,420 1,203,095 1,085,914
28 Meerut Uttar Pradesh 2,011,000 186.61 1,424,908 1,161,716 849,799
29 Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh 2,005,000 513.61 1,730,320 1,345,938 1,057,118
30 Jamshedpur Jharkhand 1,925,000 184.07 1,337,131 1,104,713 829,171
31 Malappuram Kerala 1,868,000 819.39 1,698,645 170,409 142,204
32 Nashik Maharashtra 1,810,000 321.98 1,562,769 1,152,326 725,341
33 Asansol West Bengal 1,720,000 369.34 1,243,008 1,067,369 763,939
34 Aligarh Uttar Pradesh 1,660,000 44.93 911,223 669,087 480,520
35 Ranchi Jharkhand 1,638,000 197.36 1,126,741 863,495 614,795
36 Thrissur Kerala 1,578,000 990.91 1,854,783 330,122 0
37 Kollam Kerala 1,576,000 364.51 1,110,005 380,091 362,572
38 Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh 1,533,000 237.16 1,267,564 1,098,000 888,916
39 Dhanbad Jharkhand 1,503,000 240.66 1,195,298 1,065,327 815,005
40 Jodhpur Rajasthan 1,497,000 132.97 1,137,815 860,818 666,279
41 Aurangabad Maharashtra 1,490,000 148.12 1,189,376 892,483 592,709
42 Rajkot Gujarat 1,487,000 185.38 1,390,933 1,003,015 654,490
43 Gwalior Madhya Pradesh 1,477,000 183.71 1,101,981 865,548 717,780
44 Raipur Chhattisgarh 1,429,000 192.55 1,122,555 700,113 462,694
45 Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh 1,410,000 155.23 694,889 632,293 505,566
46 Kannur Kerala 1,360,000 1,003.66 1,642,892 498,207 463,962
47 Bareilly Uttar Pradesh 1,355,000 132.05 985,752 757,979 617,350
48 Guwahati Assam 1,355,000 219.06 962,334 818,809 584,342
49 Moradabad Uttar Pradesh 1,345,000 75 887,871 641,583 443,701
50 Amritsar Punjab 1,313,000 136 1,183,705 1,003,919 708,835
51 Mysore Karnataka 1,296,000 131.9 990,900 797,701 653,345
52 Durg-Bhilainagar Chhattisgarh 1,293,000 335.63 1,064,222 927,864 705,076
53 Vijayawada Andhra Pradesh 1,232,000 283.58 1,491,202 1,039,518 845,756
54 Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir 1,212,000 304.27 1,273,312 988,210 NA
55 Salem Tamil Nadu 1,189,000 126.09 917,414 751,438 577,260
56 Kota Rajasthan 1,172,000 527.03 1,001,365 703,150 537,371
57 Jalandhar Punjab 1,165,000 101.43 874,412 714,077 509,510
58 Saharanpur Uttar Pradesh 1,152,000 46.74 705,478 455,754 374,945
59 Dehradun Uttarakhand 1,136,000 125.22 706,124 530,263 368,053
60 Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 1,131,000 211.51 1,021,717 866,354 711,862
61 Bhubaneswar Odisha 1,112,000 92.91 219,211 105,491 38,211
62 Jammu Jammu and Kashmir 1,103,000 198.28 657,314 612,163 NA
63 Solapur Maharashtra 1,082,000 178.57 951,558 872,478 620,846
64 Hubli-Dharwad Karnataka 1,062,000 213.42 943,788 786,195 648,298
65 Puducherry Puducherry 1,024,000 77.26 401,437 505,959 657,209

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Area and population". Census of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  2. ^ "States and union territories". Census of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 27 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Census 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). The Hindu. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 November 2013.
  6. ^ Circular, census catalog (PDF) (Report). Government of India. Retrieved 1 November 2023.
  7. ^ a b Urban Agglomerations and Cities having population 1 lakh and above (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 (Report). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. ^ World Urban Areas 13th Annual Edition (PDF) (Report). Demographia. August 2023. Retrieved 16 November 2023.
  9. ^ a b c INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011 (Report). Government of India (NIC). Archived from the original on 19 October 2023. Retrieved 7 February 2012.