Mahasamund district
View of the Mahanadi from the temples at Sirpur
Location of Mahasamund district in Chhattisgarh
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DivisionRaipur
HeadquartersMahasamund
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMahasamund
Area
 • Total3,902 km2 (1,507 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,032,754
 • Density260/km2 (690/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy67.64
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitemahasamund.nic.in

Mahasamund district is a district in Chhattisgarh state in central India. The city of Mahasamund is the district headquarters. The district is particularly famous for the historical temple town of Sirpur besides the Mahanadi river.

The present collector of Mahasamund is Shri Himshikhar Gupta, IAS.[1]

Geography

Mahasamund district covers an area of 3902.39 km² in the central eastern part of Chhattisgarh. The district lies between 20°47' to 21°31'30" latitude and 82°00' and 83°15'45" longitude. On the north the district is bounded by Raigarh and Baloda Bazar districts, on the south by Bargarh and Nuapada districts of Odisha, and on the west by Gariaband and Raipur districts.

Granite rocks can be found in the Bagbahra, Basna and Pithora region. Rocks are predominantly limestone of the Chhattisgarh group contemporary to the Cuddapah group of the Upper Pre-Cambrian age, consisting of limestone layers, shale, sandstone, or quartzite. Neo-granite, dolerite, and quartz in intrusive forms are also found in the district. Hence there is a great scope of intense mining activity.

Transportation

Mahasamund district has three National Highways: National Highway 6 National Highway 217 National Highway 216. The construction of four-lane road in National Highway 6 from ArangMahasamund to Saraipali up to Bargarh Sambalpur Odisha has been completed.

Railway

Mahasamund railway station is an important station of the East Coast Railway zone. Mahasamund station is well connected to Raipur, Durg, Nagpur, Mumbai, Delhi, Bhopal, Gwalior, Sambalpur, Titlagarh, Visakhapatnam, Tirupati, Puri, Bilaspur, Korba, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, etc., through the Indian Railways system.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Mahasamund district has a population of 1,032,754,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[3] or the US state of Rhode Island.[4] This gives it a ranking of 438rd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 216 inhabitants per square kilometre (560/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 20%.[2] Mahasamund has a sex ratio of 1018 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 71.54%.[2] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.5% and 27.1% of the population respectively.[2]

The main tribes in the district are the Gond, Binjhwar, Savar and Kawar.[5]

Languages of Mahasamund district (2011)

  Chhattisgarhi (75.08%)
  Odia (18.34%)
  Hindi (5.03%)
  Others (1.55%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 75.08% of the population in the district spoke Chhattisgarhi, 18.34% Odia and 5.03% Hindi as their first language.[6]

Administration

Mahasamund district comprises five tehsils: they are Mahasamund city, Saraipali, Bagbahra, Pithora, Basana, which are further divided between twelve Police Stations and five outposts.

Politics

The district is part of Raipur Lok Sabha constituency. Its MP is Sunil Kumar Soni from the Bharatiya Janata Party. Mahasamund has 4 assembly constituencies:

No. Constituency Elected MLA Party
39 Saraipali (SC) Kismat Lal Nand Indian National Congress
40 Basna Devendra Bahadur Singh Indian National Congress
41 Khallari Dwarikadhish Yadav Indian National Congress
42 Mahasamund Vinod Sevan Lal Chandrakar Indian National Congress

Notes

  1. ^ http://mahasamund.gov.in
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  5. ^ "Demographic Condition". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2006.
  6. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

Coordinates: 21°06′N 82°06′E / 21.100°N 82.100°E / 21.100; 82.100