Ambikapur
Ambikapur.png
Roads in Ambikapur CG.png
Raghunath palace Ambikapur.png
Devi ganj road Ambikapur.png
Ambikapur Bus stand.png
Glourious ambikapur.jpg
Jogimara cave of Chhattisgarh.jpg
From top, left to right : Ambikapur Railway station, city Roads in Ambikapur, Raghunath palace, Devi ganj market road, Ambikapur Bus stand, Reservoir in hasdeo, Jogimara and Sitabenga Caves
Nickname: 
Clean City Of Chhattisgarh
Ambikapur is located in Chhattisgarh
Ambikapur
Ambikapur
Location in Chhattisgarh
Ambikapur is located in India
Ambikapur
Ambikapur
Ambikapur (India)
Coordinates: 23°07′N 83°12′E / 23.12°N 83.2°E / 23.12; 83.2Coordinates: 23°07′N 83°12′E / 23.12°N 83.2°E / 23.12; 83.2
Country India
DistrictSurguja
Named forMahamaya Temple
Government
 • BodyNagar nigam
 • MayorAJAY Tirkey (INC)
Area
 • City35.36 km2 (13.65 sq mi)
Elevation
623 m (2,044 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • City214,104
 • Rank8th (In Chhattisgarh) • 192nd (In India)
 • Density6,100/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
 • Metro243,173
DemonymAmbikapurian
Languages
 • OfficialHindi & Chhattisgarhi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
497001
Area code7774
Vehicle registrationCG-15
Websitesurguja.nic.in nagarnigamambikapur.co.in

Ambikapur is a city and headquarters of Surguja district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is one of the oldest cities in the state, in east-central India. Ambikapur is also the divisional headquarters of Surguja Division which consists of the six districts of Surguja, Korea, Manendragarh, Balrampur, Surajpur and Jashpur.

Ambikapur was the capital of the Princely state of Surguja before Indian Independence The name of the city is derived from the Hindu goddess Ambika (Mahamaya) Devi, who is the central figure of worship in the area.[3] The area under Ambikapur Municipal Corporation is 35.360 sq km.[4]

According to Swachh Survekshan 2019, Ambikapur was the second Cleanest cities of India.[5] As of Swachh Survekshan 2020, Ambikapur is the cleanest city of Chhattisgarh as well as the cleanest city in India amongst cities with a population of 1 to 10 lakhs.[6]

Geography

Ambikapur is located at 23°12′N 83°2′E / 23.200°N 83.033°E / 23.200; 83.033.[7] It has an average elevation of 623 metres (2078 feet). The district is spread over a forest-rich area of 22,237 km². Most of the district's terrain is forested and hilly. Natural resources include bauxite, forest products and paddy crops.

Climate

Climate data for Ambikapur, Chhattisgarh (1981–2010, extremes 1951–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
34.8
(94.6)
39.7
(103.5)
43.8
(110.8)
44.8
(112.6)
44.9
(112.8)
38.4
(101.1)
36.1
(97.0)
35.7
(96.3)
34.5
(94.1)
32.4
(90.3)
29.5
(85.1)
44.9
(112.8)
Average high °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90.0)
37.3
(99.1)
39.4
(102.9)
35.5
(95.9)
29.8
(85.6)
29.4
(84.9)
29.8
(85.6)
29.3
(84.7)
26.2
(79.2)
23.5
(74.3)
30.2
(86.4)
Average low °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.1
(61.0)
21.2
(70.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
23.2
(73.8)
23.0
(73.4)
22.2
(72.0)
18.1
(64.6)
12.9
(55.2)
9.0
(48.2)
18.0
(64.4)
Record low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.5
(36.5)
7.8
(46.0)
10.6
(51.1)
16.1
(61.0)
17.2
(63.0)
16.4
(61.5)
19.8
(67.6)
15.7
(60.3)
9.4
(48.9)
4.2
(39.6)
1.7
(35.1)
0.9
(33.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.8
(1.02)
20.1
(0.79)
19.5
(0.77)
13.6
(0.54)
21.3
(0.84)
235.0
(9.25)
411.2
(16.19)
352.2
(13.87)
227.0
(8.94)
48.4
(1.91)
14.0
(0.55)
11.2
(0.44)
1,399.2
(55.09)
Average rainy days 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.3 2.6 10.0 17.5 15.7 11.2 3.4 1.0 0.8 69.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 50 40 29 23 28 55 81 83 79 64 57 54 54
Source: India Meteorological Department[8][9]

Land

The land is classified into six categories. About 41.67% is under agriculture, while about 5.70% remains fallow. A further 11.44% of the land could be brought under cultivation by improvements in farming techniques and reclamation of marginal areas[citation needed]. A further 1.27% is barren and uncultivated while 33.09% is forest cover and 6.83% is covered by buildings, roads and other infrastructure.[citation needed]

This distribution of cultivated land reflects the patterns and intensity of early agricultural practices and the extent of the population, combined with physical factors. Areas with a high concentration of cultivated land are generally those with longer histories of settlement and agricultural use.

Demographics

See also: List of cities in Chhattisgarh

As per the 2011 census, Ambikapur municipal corporation had a population of 264,575 and the urban agglomeration had a population of 343,173. The municipality had a sex ratio of 920 females per 1,000 males and 11.3% of the population was under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 88.20%; male literacy was 92.73% and female literacy was 83.29%.[1]

Religion in Ambikapur City
Percent
Hinduism
79.07%
Islam
11.46%
Christianity
8.21%
Others
1.27%

Ambikapur is inhabited by people from across India. Moderate weather makes it an attractive place for settlement. Unlike the capital, the district population comprises aboriginal populations including the Pandos and Korwas, who still live in rural areas.

Mainpat near Ambikapur is home to a significant number of Tibetan migrants who took refuge in India after the Chinese annexation of Tibet in 1959.

Government and politics

The city is part of the Sarguja Lok Sabha constituency represented by Member of Parliament Renuka Singh from the BJP,[10] and in the state assembly through the Ambikapur Assembly constituency, represented by MLA T.S. Deo from the Indian National Congress.[11][12]

Civic administration

The city is governed by the Municipal Corporation of Ambikapur or Nagar Nigam Ambikapur, which is administered under the Chhattisgarh Municipal Corporation Act,1956.[13][14] The municipal corporation has two parts, elected body and administrative body. The elected body is headed by the Mayor Ajay Tirkey from the Indian National Congress.[15][16] The last election to Ambikapur Municipal Corporation took place in 2019.[17] The administrative body is headed by the Municipal commissioner Mr. Luvkush Singrol.[16][18] The city is divided into 48 wards and each ward is represented by a councillor[19] directly elected by the people from the ward. The mayor of the city is elected indirectly from amongst the councillors.[20]

Civic utilities

Electricity is supplied by the state's Chhattisgarh State Power Distribution Company Limited.[21] Ambikapur Municipal Corporation supplies 10.6 MLD of water to the city.[22] Drinking water was initially sourced from the Banki Dam, but after pipeline expansion and construction of an automatic filter plant in Katkalo under the AMRUT scheme, in 2020 will also be sourced from the Ghughutta Dam in Nawagarh.[23] The city has a total of 16 tanks for this purpose.[23]

The Municipal Corporation is responsible for the solid waste management of the city.[24] Ambikapur generates 45 metric ton solid waste everyday, 90% of which is segregated through a decentralised waste management model.[25][26] Household waste is collected door-to-door by 447 SHG women of 48 wards.[24] The city has achieved 100% segregation of waste at the household level.[27] It has no landfills and has been declared a zero-waste city since it converted its 15-acre landfill into a park in 2016.[25] Ambikapur has implemented Solid Liquid Resource Management (SLRM) for disposal of municipal solid waste.[28] There is no sewerage system in the city. Toilets are linked to individual septic tanks.[29]

In the Ambikapur block 74.51% of the total geographical area is cultivated. The Ambikapur Development Plan 2021 (Draft) was created by the Chhattisgarh Directorate of Town and Country Planning.[30]

Transport

Ambikapur Railway Station Front
Ambikapur Railway Station Front

Rail

Ambikapur is connected to the Anuppur railway junction, a bordering town in Madhya Pradesh, by a broad gauge railway. Trains reach Ambikapur from Katni, Satna, Jabalpur, Durg, Bhopal and the state capital Raipur. More destinations, such as New Delhi, can be reached from Anuppur railway junction.

Jabalpur - Ambikapur Express, Ambikapur – Shahdol, Ambikapur – Surajpur – Anuppur – Bilaspur – Raipur – Durg Express and Bhopal – Chirmiri Passenger run from major cities Bhopal, Gwalior, Katni, Raipur and Jabalpur.

ABKP-NZM AC Special

The train from AMBIKAPUR TO HAZRAT NIZAMUDDIN (NEW DELHI).  Route from Ambikapur-Anuppur-Katni-Damoh-Jhansi-Agra-Harzat Nizamuddin

Road

Ambikapur is well connected by road to other major cities of Chhattisgarh such as Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Bhilai, Korba and Raigarh. Daily bus services also runs for Varanasi, Renukoot in U.P (170 km), Raipur (345 km) and Garhwa in Jharkhand (160 km). Bus services from Anuppur to Ambikapur operate via Manendragarh and Surajpur. The bus journeys from Bilaspur and Anuppur take between five and six hours.

Air

Ambikapur Airport is located at Darima, 12 km (7.5 mi) south of Ambikapur. The air strip is mostly used by small aircraft and helicopters. It is the nearest airport with regular scheduled flights to Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh state.[31]

Nearest operational Airport is Bilasa devi kevat airport just 210km from Ambikapur City.


Education

Media and communications

State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Ambikapur.

Notable people

Royal Palace

Raghunath Palace
Raghunath Palace

Surguja palace also known as Raghunath Palace is a prime palace in Ambikapur. It is a white, two-storey palace. Surguja Palace is one of the most eye-catching tourist places for both urban and rural crowds. This palace is open for public only on the day of Dussehra every year. Its an old tradition that the heir of royal family of Surguja meets and greets the visitors on Dussehra and the festival is celebrated in a pompous manner.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 3 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Surguja". Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  4. ^ "Brickwork Ratings withdraws issuer ratings of Ambikapur Municipal Corporation" (PDF). Brickwork Ratings. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Swacch Ambikapur Executive Summary" (PDF). Raipur Nagar Nigam. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  6. ^ "1 से 10 लाख तक जनसंख्या वाले शहर में अपना अंबिकापुर स्वच्छता सर्वेक्षण में फिर नंबर-1". Patrika News (in Hindi). Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Ambikapur
  8. ^ "Station: Ambikapur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 37–38. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M39. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  10. ^ Pioneer, The. "'Renuka Singh's appointment crucial for BJP in Surguja'". The Pioneer. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Ambikapur Election Result 2018: Ambikapur Assembly Election 2018 Results | Ambikapur Vidhan Sabha MLA Result". www.business-standard.com. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  12. ^ "Constituencies | District Surguja, Government of Chhattisgarh | India". Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  13. ^ "Nagar Nigam Ambikapur". Nagar Nigam Ambikapur. 15 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Chhattisgarh Municipal Corporation Act, 1956". Latest Laws. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Congress gets mayors in 9 of 10 municipal corporations in Chhattisgarh". The Week. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  16. ^ a b "AMRUT Cities Contact Details of Heads" (PDF).
  17. ^ "छत्तीसगढ़ निकाय चुनाव मतगणना रिजल्ट Live Update: : अंबिकापुर नगर निगम के 27 वार्डों में कांग्रेस की जीत, 20 में बीजेपी एक में निर्दल जीता". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Swachh Volunteering" (PDF). Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Official website of Municipal Corporation Ambikapur Surguja, Chhattisgarh". nagarnigamambikapur.co.in. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Chhattisgarh to opt for indirect mayoral elections". Hindustan Times. 15 October 2019. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  21. ^ "Chhattisgarh State Power Distribution Company Limited". Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  22. ^ "Status of water supply, wastewater generation and treatment in class-I cities and class-II towns of India" (PDF). 4 November 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  23. ^ a b "मिशन अमृत से शहर के इस इलाके की 3 हजार आबादी को मिलने लगा पानी, 1 माह में पूरे शहर को होगी सप्लाई". Patrika News (in Hindi). Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  24. ^ a b "Waste away, Ambikapur shows way | India Water Portal". www.indiawaterportal.org. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  25. ^ a b "Smart Cities Council India | This small town in Chhattisgarh leads the way in waste management". india.smartcitiescouncil.com. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  26. ^ "How Chhattisgarh's Ambikapur Is Turning Its Trash Into Treasure | Features". NDTV-Dettol Banega Swasth Swachh India. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  27. ^ "Swachh Survekshan 2020: Chhattisgarh Awarded As India's Cleanest State, Here's What It Did Right | News". NDTV-Dettol Banega Swasth Swachh India. 20 August 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Swachh Bharat Mission: We may be ODF, but not garbage free". www.downtoearth.org.in. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  29. ^ "MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, AMBIKAPUR, SURGUJA (C.G.)". webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  30. ^ "Ambikapur Development Plan 2021 (Draft)" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  31. ^ "NRW ASSESSMENT AND REDUCTION STRATEGY FOR AMBIKAPUR, INCEPTION REPORT" (PDF). Nagar Nigam Ambikapur.