|Native to||Nepal, India|
|Region||Nepal; significant communities in Bhutan; Sikkim; Assam and Darjeeling district of India|
|Ethnicity||1.9 million Magar people (2011 census of Nepal)|
|Akkha script (official), Devanagari, Latin script|
Official language in
Magar Dhut (Nepali: मगर ढुट, Nepali: [ɖʱuʈ]) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken mainly in Nepal, southern Bhutan, and in Darjeeling and Sikkim, India, by the Magar people. It is divided into two groups (Eastern and Western) and further dialect divisions give distinct tribal identity. In Nepal 788,530 people speak the language.
While the government of Nepal developed Magar language curricula, as provisioned by the constitution, the teaching materials have never successfully reached Magar schools, where most school instruction is in the Nepali language. It is not unusual for groups with their own language to feel that the "mother-tongue" is an essential part of identity.
The Dhut Magar language is sometimes lumped with the Magar Kham language spoken further west in Bheri, Dhaulagiri, and Rapti zones. Although the two languages share many common words, they have major structural differences and are not mutually intelligible.
Western Magar (dialects: Palpa and Syangja) is spoken in the following districts of Nepal (Ethnologue).
Eastern Magar (dialects: Gorkha, Nawalparasi, and Tanahu) is spoken in the following districts of Nepal (Ethnologue).
*-only occur in the Tanahu dialect.
/ʔ/ is only a marginal phoneme.
|/t/||[tʲ], [t̚], [ʈ]|
|/d/||[dʲ], [ɖ], [ɽ]|
|/i/||[i] [ɪ] [i̤] [i̤ː] [ĩ]|
|/e/||[e] [ɛ] [ẽ] [e̤] [e̤ː]|
|/a/||[ä] [æ] [ä̃] [äˑ] [ä̤] [ä̤ː]|
|/u/||[u] [ʊ] [u̟] [ṳ] [ṳː] [ũ]|
|/ʌ/||[ʌ] [ə] [ə̃] [ʌ̤] [ʌ̃]|
|/o/||[o] [o̟] [õ] [oˑ] [o̤] [o̤ː]|