Northern Mishmi
Arunachal Pradesh
Linguistic classificationpossibly Sino-Tibetan or an independent family

The Digaro (Digarish), Northern Mishmi (Mishmic), or Kera'a–Tawrã[1] languages are a small family of possibly Sino-Tibetan languages spoken by the Mishmi people of southeastern Tibet and Arunachal Pradesh.

The languages are Idu and Taraon (Digaro, Darang).

External relationships

They are not related to the Southern Mishmi Midzu languages, apart from possibly being Sino-Tibetan. However, Blench and Post (2011) suggests that they may not even be Sino-Tibetan, but rather an independent language family of their own.

Blench (2014) classifies the Digaro languages as part of the Greater Siangic group of languages.


Autonyms and exonyms for Digaro-speaking peoples, as well as Miju (Kaman), are given below (Jiang, et al. 2013:2-3).

Names of Mishmi peoples
Taraon name Kaman name Idu name Assamese name
Taraon people da31 raŋ53 tɕi31 moŋ35 tɑ31 rɑŋ35 Digaru;
Digaru Mishmi
Kaman people tɕɑu53 kɯ31 mɑn35 mi31 tɕu55 Midzu
Idu people dju55;
dju55 ta31 rɑŋ53;
min31 dɑu55;
i53 du55 Chulikata Mishmi
Zha people 扎人 tɕɑ31 kʰen55 tɕɑ31 kreŋ35
Tibetan people lɑ31 mɑ55;
mei53 bom55
dɯ31 luŋ35;
hɑi35 hɯl55
ɑ31 mi53;
mi31 si55 pu53


Idu, Tawra, Kman, and Meyor all share a system of multiple language registers, which are (Blench 2016):[2]

  1. ordinary speech
  2. speech of hunters: lexical substitution, the replacement of animal names and others by special lexical forms, and sometimes short poems
  3. speech of priests/shamans: more complex, involving much language which is difficult to understand, and also lengthy descriptions of sacrificial animals
  4. poetic/lyrical register (not in Idu, but appears in Kman)
  5. mediation register (only in Idu?)
  6. babytalk register


  1. ^ DeLancey, Scott (2021). "Classifying Trans-Himalayan (Sino-Tibetan) languages". The Languages and Linguistics of Mainland Southeast Asia. De Gruyter. pp. 207–224. doi:10.1515/9783110558142-012. ISBN 9783110558142. S2CID 238722139.
  2. ^ "(PDF) Mishmi language development | Roger Blench - Academia.edu".