Eastern Daly
Geographic
distribution
Daly River region, northern Australia
Linguistic classificationMacro-Gunwinyguan ?
  • Eastern Daly
Subdivisions
Glottologeast2374
Daly languages.png
The Daly languages (color), among the other non-Pama-Nyungan languages (grey)

  Eastern Daly

The Eastern Daly languages are an extinct family of Australian aboriginal languages that are fairly closely related, at 50% cognate. They were:

These languages had elements of verbal structure that suggest they may be related to the Macro-Gunwinyguan languages. All are now extinct.[1]

Vocabulary

The following basic vocabulary items are from Tryon (1968).[2]

no. gloss Kamor Matngala
1 head puǰæ puǰa
2 hair puǰæmaR pučæmænæŋ
3 eyes miyam dun
4 nose činin činin
5 ear piyawuR peyawuR
6 tooth ŋat ŋat
7 tongue ŋaltïretïre ŋænæR
8 shoulder tæwæR tæwæR
9 elbow dændar dandar
10 hand mæmæk mæmæk
11 breasts kuyuŋ mœRmœR
12 back dætœm dætœm
13 belly mæn pak
14 navel čœdur čœdœR
15 heart mændulma mændulma
16 urine wure wœre
17 excrete kœn kœn
18 thigh čære čære
19 leg kærær kaR
20 knee pœŋgaR pœŋgar
21 foot mær mær
22 skin baR karala
23 fat mœdl mœdl
24 blood čœrŋuɲ čœruŋœɲ
25 bone pæč pæč
26 man čiǰe čije
27 woman pamgun kuwarak
28 father baŋɔ baŋgač
29 mother kilaɲŋɔ kidlaŋ
30 grandmother kalaɲŋɔ kawoy
31 policeman čayač čaǰiɲ
32 spear kanbe kanbe
33 woomera lagač lagaɲ
34 boomerang čïmbičïmbič čïmbičïmbič
35 nullanulla magulbɔ yimnalanala
36 hair-belt maR muŋuR
37 canoe wænæ wænæ
38 axe mæŋ mæŋ
39 dilly bag kalan kaRaR
40 fire yim yim
41 smoke wæn wuŋgɔR
42 water wuk wuk
43 cloud wœŋ pær
44 rainbow pululɔy pulɔypulɔy
45 barramundi kœyl kœly
46 sea wuk kučuwoy kærætïl
47 river wukpædæR pædæR
48 stone pawar pawaR
49 ground yurɔ yurɔ
50 track čal mær
51 dust puruŋ puruŋ
52 sun mœRœR mœrœr
53 moon nœdœn nudun
54 star naŋɔ milan
55 night ŋoykdiɲ ŋœyč
56 tomorrow pukunuŋ neganuŋ
57 today neyœnuŋ kamɔ
58 big æluŋɔ kunuwaraŋ
59 possum
60 dog čamar čamaR
61 tail čirin čiriɲ
62 meat piɲæk piɲa
63 snake piɲam ŋuɲbœr
64 red kangaroo čayïR čayɛR
65 porcupine mïdlk mænɛŋɛč
66 emu nœwœt nœwœt
67 crow waŋgaR waŋgaR
68 goanna araɲ aRaɲ
69 blue tongue lizard pïRir pïRïR
70 mosquito wuræŋ wœraŋ
71 sugar-bag wamæR wæmæR
72 camp dak dak
73 black wakpara wakwaRa
74 white puŋma tamaRma
75 red pirpma piRpma
76 one næmbayɔ næmbeyɔ
77 two palpmurɔ kurinǰeyɔ
78 when? anaɲmiye aneɲïmbediɲ
79 what? anǰanuŋ anǰa
80 who? nuwun nuŋuɲ
81 I ŋurɔnuŋ ŋurɔ
82 you nuŋgɔrnuŋ waŋare
83 he kuna kuna
84 grass wæn wæn
85 vegetable food mæye miye
86 tree yim yim
87 leaf wurœr dæmbæl
88 pandanus čaŋača čaŋača
89 ironwood pawič pawit
90 ripe damgane pirpma
91 good kunburiɲ kunburič
92 bad kuwaruk kuwarɔ
93 blind wuɲ wuɲ
94 deaf ɲaba ɲaba
95 saliva tak tak

See also

References

  1. ^ Evans, 2003, The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia
  2. ^ Tryon, Darrell T. "The Daly River Languages: A Survey". In Aguas, E.F. and Tryon, D. editors, Papers in Australian Linguistics No. 3. A-14:21-49. Pacific Linguistics, The Australian National University, 1968. doi:10.15144/PL-A14.21