Sargodha District
ضلع سرگودها
M-2 Motorway entering Sargodha District
M-2 Motorway entering Sargodha District
Flag of Sargodha District
Official seal of Sargodha District
Location of Sargodha District in Punjab
Location of Sargodha District in Punjab
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionSargodha
HeadquartersSargodha
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerMuhammad Asghar Joiya
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • District of Punjab5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • District of Punjab3,696,212
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,144,535
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal Code
40100
ConstituenciesNA-88, NA-89, NA-90, NA-91, NA-92
Number of Tehsils7
National Assembly Seats (2018)Total (5)


  •   PML(N) (4)
  •   PTI (1)
Punjab Assembly Seats (2018)Total (10)


Websitehttps://sargodha.punjab.gov.pk/

Sargodha District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضلع سرگودها), is a district of Punjab, Pakistan. The capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane along with Kinno being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region is also famous for citrus fruit including Kinnow, orange and lemon. The district has an area of 5,864 km2.[2]

Etymology

It is believed that there was an old pond in the middle of the town where an old Hindu monk or sadhu (godha) used to live. The Sanskrit word for pond is "ser".[3] Since the town had a modest population, people would refer the place as 'ser godha', the place where that famous Sadhu resided next to the pond.[4]

Administration and tehsils

Sargodha city is the administrative headquarter of Sargodha Division and handles the population of about 8.1 million.[5] Sargodha District is administratively divided into Seven Tehsils, which contain a total of 161 Union Councils.[6] Following are the seven tehsils of Sargodha district:[7]

Demographics

The population of Sargodha grew rapidly with the arrival of Muslim refugees from East Punjab, fleeing from the religious violence that followed the partition of India and the independence of Pakistan in 1947.

At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 3,696,212, of which 1,867,724 were males and 1,828,074 females. Rural population is 2,608,007 while the urban population is 1,144,535. The literacy rate was 65.54%.

Sargodha District is among the world's best Citrus-producing region. Sargodha District is well known for its kinnow, a citrus variety.[8]

The below list shows the population of each of the seven tehsils of Sargodha district according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan along with area:

Tehsil Population[1]
(2017 Census)
Area
km2 (sqmi)
Sargodha 1,535,152 1,455 (561.8)
Kot Momin 451,978 891 (344.0)
Bhalwal 456,206 557 (215.1)
Shahpur 353,325 787 (303.9)
Silanwali 344,487 610 (235.5)
Sahiwal 340,695 759 (293.1)
Bhera 314,369 722 (278.8)

Religion

As per the 2017 census Muslims were the predominant religious community with 98.08% of the population while Christians were 1.76% of the population.[1]

Religion in Sargodha District[a][b]
Religion Population (1941)[9]: 42  Percentage (1941)
Islam
Star and Crescent.svg
835,918 83.68%
Hinduism
Om.svg
[c]
102,233 10.23%
Sikhism
Khanda.svg
48,046 4.81%
Christianity
Christian cross.svg
12,620 1.26%
Others [d] 104 0.01%
Total Population 998,921 100%

Language

At the time of the 2017 census, 94.07% of the population spoke Punjabi, 4.31% Urdu and 1.23% Pashto as their first language.[1]

Villages


See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ District Wise – Sargodha Archived 2008-01-04 at archive.today
  3. ^ Portrait of Pakistan. Ferozsons. 1994. ISBN 9789690101051. Retrieved 31 December 2007. The district derives its name for the headquarters town of Sargodha, which is a combination of "Sar" and "Godha". "Sar" is a Hindi word which denotes a water...
  4. ^ Pakistan tourism directory. Holiday Weekly. 1997. Retrieved 31 December 2007. Sargodha is a colony town established in 1903, but its origins are older. Sargodha is a combination of the words "Sar" meaning a pond and "Godha"...
  5. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017.
  6. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha – Government of Pakistan Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Mahmood, Amjad (21 December 2020). "Sarghoda's citrus claim to fame". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  9. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  1. ^ Formerly known as Shahpur District, prior to district headquarters relocated to Sarghoda in 1960
  2. ^ Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.
  3. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  4. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated

Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°30′E / 32.167°N 72.500°E / 32.167; 72.500