Native toIndia, Bangladesh
Ethnicity2.5 lakh Kora
Native speakers
47,268 (2011 census)[1]
  • Munda
    • North
      • Kherwarian
        • Mundaric
          • Koda
Language codes
ISO 639-3cdz

Koda, also known as Kora, Kaora, Korali, Korati, Kore, Mudi, or Mudikora,[2] is an endangered Munda language of India and Bangladesh spoken by the Kora. The Kora mainly live in West Bengal, in the districts of Paschim Medinipur and Bankura, with a few in neighbouring Odisha and Jharkhand. In 2005, there were 1,300 speakers in the Rajshahi Division of Bangladesh, though many said that Bengali was their best language. Koda is closely related to the Kol language.

Kim (2010)[3] considers Koda and Kol to be Mundari cluster languages. Koda-speaking villages include Kundang and Krishnupur in Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh, while Kol villages include Babudaing village.

Koda verbs are inflected for tense-aspect-mood and person, number, finite/infinite, subject/object, possessor, animacy and transitivity. In recent times Koda is code-mixing with Bangla: including vocabulary replacement and greater adoption of Bengali syntax. These processes are seen more in younger speakers.[4]

Shamim (2021) [5] presents a description of the phonology and morphology of Koda. It also presents a study of Koda in the context of language contact.


  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Simons, Gary F. and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). (2018). Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twenty-first edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2014-07-30.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Lahiri, Bornini. "Effect of Bangla on Koda verbs". Queries in Structure of Language: 131–137 – via ResearchGate.
  5. ^ Shamim, Ahmed (June 2021). "A Description of the Phonology and Morphology of Koda, An Endangered Language of Bangladesh" – via CUNY Academic Works, City University of New York, NYC.