Rajshahi Division
রাজশাহী বিভাগ
Map of Rajshahi Division
Map of Rajshahi Division
Districts of Rajshahi Division
Districts of Rajshahi Division
Coordinates: 25°00′N 89°00′E / 25.000°N 89.000°E / 25.000; 89.000Coordinates: 25°00′N 89°00′E / 25.000°N 89.000°E / 25.000; 89.000
Country Bangladesh
CapitalRajshahi
Largest CityRajshahi
Government
 • Divisional CommissionerG. S. M. Jafarullah[1]
Area
 • Total18,174.4 km2 (7,017.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total18,484,858
 • Density1,017/km2 (2,630/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Rajshahiyo
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
ISO 3166 codeBD-E
HDI (2017)0.602[2]
medium
Notable sport teamsRajshahi Kings, Rajshahi Division
Websiterajshahidiv.gov.bd

Rajshahi Division (Bengali: রাজশাহী বিভাগ) is one of the eight first-level administrative divisions of Bangladesh. It has an area of 18,174.4 square kilometres (7,017.2 sq mi)[3] and a population at the 2011 Census of 18,484,858.[4] Rajshahi Division consists of 8 districts, 70 Upazilas (the next lower administrative tier) and 1,092 Unions (the lowest administrative tier).

The region has historically been dominated by various feudal Rajas, Maharajas and Zamindars.[5] Formerly comprising 16 districts, a new division (Rangpur Division) was formed with the 8 northern districts of the old Rajshahi Division from early 2010.[3]

Etymology and names

The Rajshahi Division is named after Rajshahi District. Dominated by various feudal Rajas, Maharajas and Zamindars of mixed origins throughout history,[5] the name is a compound of the words Raj and Shahi, both of which can be translated into reign or kingdom. Archaic spellings in the English language also included Rajeshae. The capital city of the division was formerly known as Rampur Boalia but was later renamed to Rajshahi too, to match the name of the district.

History

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2021)

Economy

Agriculture

Rajshahi is well known for its fruit, particularly for mango and lichi. Rajshahi also produces a lot of crops and vegetables like potato, carrot, rice, onion, wheat, sugarcane, pulses, spices, banana etc. Naogaon is known as the storehouse of food of Bangladesh.

Geography

Rajshahi lies in the west of Bangladesh. To its south is Khulna division, to its east is Dhaka and Mymensingh divisions, to its north is Rangpur division and to the west is West Bengal state of India.

Chalan Beel as seen from the highway
Chalan Beel
as seen from the highway

The country is entirely flat plains, with several tracts still covered by forest. The division is bordered by the Padma to its west, which forms the international border with India, and the Jamuna to the east. These rivers merge at the southeastern tip of Rajshahi division in Pabna district. Apart from these main rivers, there are numerous tributaries to these rivers such as the Atrai, Karatoya and Mahananda.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2021)

Culture

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2021)

Historically Rajshahi division, being in the north-centre of the historical Bengal region, was a centre for Buddhist learning. In the early-modern period Rajshahi town was well known for silk weaving, and Rajshahi silk is still one of its most popular exports. The Varendra Research Museum in Rajshahi is the first of its kind in Bangladesh and houses numerous cultural artifacts from Bengal's ancient past.

Rajshahi division has produced contributions to Bengali literature. Rassundari Devi, the first modern autobiographer in Bengali literature, was born in Pabna, Rajshahi division in 1809.

All festivals of Bangladesh are widely celebrated here. Pohela Baisakh, Bengali New Year, Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha, Durga Puja, are all celebrated widely.

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 census, Rajshahi division had a population of 18,484,858. Muslims are 17,248,861 which is 93.31% of the population, while Hindus are 1,081,584 which is 5.85% of the population. Other religions (almost entirely Christianity and indigenous faiths) are only 0.24% of the population and are mainly found among the ethnic minorities.[6]

The vast mass of people speak Bengali. The dialect of the region is similar to that in Malda and Murshidabad of West Bengal, called Varendri. It has more influence from Bihari languages. Ethnic population is 206,919 which is 1.12% of the population. This consists mainly of Munda peoples such as Santals and Mundas as well as the Dravidian Kurukh, who still speak their original languages.[7]

Points of interest

Rajshahi is a well known tourist destination within Bangladesh, with there being many interesting landmarks.

Notable places include:

Districts

Major cities and towns

The major cities of Rajshahi division are Rajshahi, Sirajganj, Pabna, Bogra and Chapai Nawabganj.

Education

The major educational institutes in Rajshahi are:

The University of Rajshahi (established 1953) is the second largest university of Bangladesh with around 50 disciplines and 6 institutes. Rajshahi Collegiate School (established in 1828) is one of the oldest school in the country and Indian sub-continent which became again the best school in Bangladesh in 2018.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "List of Divisional Commissioners".
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ a b Sajahan Miah (2012). "Rajshahi Division". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-1: Analytical Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 199. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Bangladesh pp 6
  6. ^ "Population & Housing Census 2011 (Zila Series & Community Series)". http. Retrieved 2021-07-23.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link) See individual Zila files for religion and population information
  7. ^ "Population & Housing Census 2011 (Zila Series & Community Series)". http. Retrieved 2021-07-23.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link) See individual Zila files for religion and population information
  8. ^ http://rgcc.ac.bd
  9. ^ একজন যোদ্ধার গল্প [The story of a warrior]. The Daily Ittefaq (in Bengali). 6 April 2017.
  10. ^ "Oversee mosque construction to check recurrence of N'ganj-like incident: PM". UNB. 6 September 2016.
  11. ^ Akter, Bayazid (2012). "Beg, MA". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.