Lalmonirhat
লালমনিরহাট
Lost Mosque (10).jpg
Entrance of Tin Bigha Corridor (01.03.2019) .jpg
Kakina Zamindar Bari (11).jpg
Angorpota, Dahagram Union, Patgram.jpg
Tista Barrage - panoramio (4).jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Lost Mosque, Tin Bigha Corridor, Field in Dahagram Union, Teesta Barrage, Kakina Zamindar Bari
Location of Lalmonirhat District in Bangladesh
Location of Lalmonirhat District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Lalmonirhat District
Coordinates: 26°00′N 89°15′E / 26.00°N 89.25°E / 26.00; 89.25Coordinates: 26°00′N 89°15′E / 26.00°N 89.25°E / 26.00; 89.25
Country Bangladesh
DivisionRangpur Division
Area
 • Total1,247.371 km2 (481.613 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,256,099
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
5500

Lalmonirhat (Bengali: লালমনিরহাট জেলা, Lalmonirhat Jela also Lalmonirhat Zila) is a district, situated at the northern border of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rangpur Division.[1] Lalmonirhat mahakuma was established as a district on 1 February 1984. It lies north of Kochbihar and Jalpaiguri of West Bengal, south of Ranpur, east of Kurigram and Kochbihar and west of Rangpur and Nilphamari district. The international border line of Lalmonirhat district is 281.6 km long.

Etymology

At the end of 19th century the workers of the Bengal Duras Railway (BDR) while digging the mud for the installation of rail line, found a red color stone and since then, the place was recognized as Lalmoni. Whereas some legendary opinions that the railway which acquire the land owned by a lady named Lalmoni for which people kept the place after her name as the recognition of her contribution of land for the rail line. Others are of the opinion that in 1783 a woman named Lalmoni along with peasant leader, Nuruldin fought against the English soldiers and land lords for the cause to establish the interest of general peasants and laid down her life against the atrocity of the rulers. The place was named as the Lalmoni as the sign of respect. The word "hat" became adhered to her name in the course of time.[2]

History

Lalmonirhat emerged as a district from mahakuma by the inauguration of then gender and social welfare minister of Bangladesh government Dr. Shafia Khatun on 1 February 1984. After that Lalmonirhat sadar thana was established as a upazila in 18 March 1984. As a result, the number of upazilas in Lalmonirhat district becomes 5 which are Patgram, Hatibandha, Kaliganj, Aditmari and Lalmonirhat Sadar. In that time, Sinai, Rajarhat and Gharialdanga union was added to Kurigram District and the number of union of Lalmonirhat district and municipalities becomes 41 and 1 respectively. Alongside the area of Lalmonirhat Sadar becomes 104 sq. miles. After 1985, Dahagram and Angarpota enclaves became a single union of Patgram upazila and then the total number of union becomes 42.[3]

Subdistricts

There are 5 upazilas, 5 thanas, 45 unions, 354 mouzas and 478 villages in Lalmonirhat.[4] The upazilas are:

Geography

Lalmonirhat is in the north of Bangladesh. There are six rivers in Lalmonirhat district. Teesta is one of the main rivers in this district. The total length of Tista river is 315 km, 115 km of which is in Bangladesh. The total arable land is 98,875 hectares.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 628,089—    
1981 766,307+2.88%
1991 953,460+2.21%
2001 1,109,343+1.53%
2011 1,256,099+1.25%
Sources:[6]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Lalmonirhat District had a population of 1,256,099, of which 628,799 were males and 627,300 females. Rural population was 1,117,414 (88.96%) while the urban population was 138,685 (11.04%). Lalmonirhat district had a literacy rate of 46.09% for the population 7 years and above: 49.30% for males and 42.89% for females.[6]

Religions in Lalmonirhat district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Muslims
86.02%
Hindus
13.90%
Other or not stated
0.08%

Muslims make up 86.02% of the population, while Hindus are 13.90% of the population.[6]

The dialect of the region is Rangpuri.

Education

Lalmonirhat has 26 colleges, 212 secondary schools, 754 primary schools, 85 madrasas, 3 polytechnical institutes and 1 technical school and college. Lalmonirhat is one of the seven illiteracy free districts in Bangladesh.[7] The literacy rate of Lalmonirhat is 65%.[5]

Economy

Agriculture is the major income source. 72.78% of people are farmers, 10.49% are businessmen, 3.46% are labourers, and 4.45% are employees.[7]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Tanzimul Nayan (2012). "Lalmonirhat District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ "Stories (লালমনিরহাট জেলার নামকরণ)". BAngladesh national portal.
  3. ^ "District background". Bangladesh national portal.
  4. ^ "Geographical introduction of Lalmonirhat". Bangladesh national portal.
  5. ^ a b "Lalmonirhat at a glance". Bangladesh national portal.
  6. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Lalmonirhat" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  7. ^ a b "BBS".
  8. ^ "Notable residents of Lalmonirhat". Bangladesh national portal.