Native toCambodia, Laos, Vietnam
Native speakers
62,000 (2009–2015)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
brb – Brao (was Lave)
krr – Krung
krv – Kavet

Brao is a Mon–Khmer language of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.


Labial Dental-
Palatal Velar Glottal
Obstruent voiceless p t c k ʔ
aspirated ç h
voiced b d ɟ g
glottalized ˀb ˀd ˀɟ ˀg
Nasal plain m n ɲ ŋ
preaspirated ʰm ʰn ʰŋ
Trill r
Approximant w l j


According to Ethnologue, there are four distinct but mutually intelligible varieties, sometimes considered separate languages: Lave (Brao proper), Kru’ng (Kreung), and Kavet (Kravet), the latter spoken by only a couple thousand.

Districts of Ratanakiri Province, Cambodia

Sidwell (2003) also lists four communities of speakers, three of which are in Cambodia.

Lun, spoken in Stung Treng Province, Cambodia, is related to Lave and Kavet (Philip Lambrecht 2012).[3]


Sidwell (2003) suggests the possibility of a total of 50,000 speakers, while Bradley (1994:161) gives an estimate of 35,000. All estimates below are drawn from Sidwell (2003:30).


  1. ^ Brao (was Lave) at Ethnologue (26th ed., 2023) Closed access icon
    Krung at Ethnologue (26th ed., 2023) Closed access icon
    Kavet at Ethnologue (26th ed., 2023) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Keller, Charles E. (April 1999). "Brao-Krung Phonology" (PDF). Mon-Khmer Studies. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-07-19. Retrieved 2015-01-30.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Đặng Nghiêm Vạn, Chu Thái Sơn, Lưu Hùng. 2010. Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam. Hà Nội: Thế Giới Publishers.

Further reading