Laghuu
Native toVietnam
Native speakers
300 (2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3lgh
Glottologlagh1245
ELPLaghuu
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Laghuu (Vietnamese: Xá Phó, Phù Lá Lão) is a Loloish language spoken in northwestern Vietnam.[2] In Nậm Sài, Sa Pa Town, the speakers' autonym is la21 ɣɯ44, while in Sơn La Province it is la21 ɔ44 (Edmondson 1999). The people are also called the Phù Lá Lão by the Vietnamese.

Edmondson considers Laghuu to be related to but not part of the Yi language complex of China. Jamin Pelkey (2011) considers Laghuu to be a Southeastern Loloish language.

Distribution

Laghuu is spoken in the following locations by a total of about 1,000 people (Edmondson 1999 & 2002).

The Vietnam, Laghuu speakers are officially classified as part of the Phù Lá ethnic group. Some Laghuu are known as "Black Phu La," and others as "Flowery Phu La."

Phonology

Consonants

Laghuu has the following consonants.[3]

Labial Alveolar Post-
alveolar
Velar Glottal
central lateral central lateral
Plosive and
affricate
aspirated tʃʰ kʟ̝̊ʰ (kʰ)
tenuis p t k kʟ̝̊ (k) ʔ
voiced b d ɡ ɡʟ̝
prenasalized ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ ᵑɡʟ̝
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ x h
voiced v z ʒ ɣ
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant l

Vowels

Laghuu has the following vowels.[3]

front central back
unrounded
back
rounded
High i ɚ ɯ u
Hi-mid ə o
Lo-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a

Tones

Laghu has five tones: high /˥/, high-mid /˦/, low-mid /˧/, low-rising /˨˦/, and low-falling /˨˩/.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Laghuu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Raymond G. Gordon Jr., ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  3. ^ a b c Edmondson & Ziwo 1999.

References