Native toChina
Native speakers
15,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3hle
Hlersu is classified as Vulnerable by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

Hlersu (Lesu 勒苏), or Sansu (Shansu 山苏/散苏), is a Loloish language of Yunnan Province, China. It is spoken in Xinping, Jinping, Zhenyuan, Eshan (as Shansu 山苏),[2] and (as Sansu) Yuanjiang County.


Hlersu (autonym: ɬɛɾ55 sɨ55 pʰa21; exonym: ɬɛɾ55 sɨ55 pʰo21; so33 su33 pʰa21) autonym reported in Yunnan (1955)[3]) is spoken by ethnic Hlersu people, who live in 13 townships (50 administrative villages and 143 hamlets). There are 4,040 households and 15,737 individuals in Xinping, Yuanjiang, and Eshan counties (Xu & Bai 2013:1). The ethnic population of each township is as follows.[4]

Speakers refer to their language as ɬɛɾ55 su55 do21 (Xu & Bai 2013:62). The Hlersu dialect documented by Xu & Bai (2013) is that of Pujiehei 普杰黑, Daxi Village 大西村, Tadian Town 塔甸镇, Eshan County.[4]


  1. ^ Hlersu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Eshan County Gazetteer [峨山彝族自治县回族志] (1996). Kunming: Yunnan People's Press [云南民族出版社].
  3. ^ 云南民族识别参考资料 (1955), p.44
  4. ^ a b Xu Xianmin [许鲜明], Bai Bibo [白碧波] (2013). A study of Shansu [山苏彝语研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社]. ISBN 9787105131006