|Region||Northern China and Mongolia|
Tuoba (Tabγač or Tabghach; also Taγbač or Taghbach; Chinese: 拓跋) is an extinct language spoken by the Tuoba people in northern China around the 5th century AD during the Northern Wei dynasty.
Alexander Vovin (2007) identifies the Tuoba language as a Mongolic language.
On the other hand, Juha Janhunen proposed that the Tuoba might have spoken an Oghur Turkic language. According to Peter Boodberg, the Tuoba language was essentially Turkic with Mongolic admixture. Chen Sanping noted that the Tuoba language "had both" Turkic and Mongolic elements.
Liu Xueyao stated that Tuoba may have had their own language, which should not be assumed to be identical with any other known languages.
Andrew Shimunek (2017) classifies Tuoba (Tabghach) as a "Serbi" (i.e., para-Mongolic) language. Shimunek's Serbi branch also consists of the Tuyuhun and Khitan languages.
Some functional suffixes are:
Further information: Wiktionary:Appendix:Taghbach word list
Selected basic Taghbach words from Shimunek (2017) are listed below. Forms reconstructed using the comparative method are marked with one asterisk (*), while forms reconstructed according to the Chinese fanqie spellings and/or rhymes of the traditional Chinese philological tradition are marked with two asterisks (**) (originally marked as ✩ by Shimunek 2017).
|Taghbach (reconstructed form)||Taghbach (original Chinese transcription)||English meaning||Original Chinese gloss|
|*agyɪl ~ *agɪl||屋引||house||房|
|**dɪʁa||地何||writing, book, document||書|
|**kʰɪr-||契||to kill someone||殺人|
|**tʰaʁ||托||dirt, soil, earth||土|
|*žirpəŋ||是賁||raised earth, embankment||封|
|Wiktionary has a word list at Appendix:Taghbach word list|
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