Dzao Min
Ba Pai
Native toChina
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bpn

Dzao Min (Chinese: 藻敏, Zao Min) is a Hmong–Mien language of China. Mao (2004:306) reports a total of more than 60,000 speakers in Liannan County and Yangshan County of Guangdong, and in Yizhang County of Hunan. The speakers from Bapai, Guangdong are also called Bapai Yao (八排瑶族).

The earliest published study of Dzao Min is that of Wong (1939).[2]


The Chenzhou Prefecture Gazetteer (1996) reports that there are 1,200 "Bapai Yao" (八排瑶) or "Zao Min" (藻敏) in Huangjiapan Village 黄家畔村, Mangshan Township 莽山乡, Yizhang County, Hunan. They are reported to have migrated from Taipingdong 太平洞, Chengjia District 称架区, Yangshan County, Guangdong in the 16th century.

Long Guoyi (2011) covers the six Zao Min dialects of Daping 大坪, Junliao 军寮, Mangshan 莽山, Nan'gang 南岗, Panshi 盘石, and Youling 油岭.[3] All of the aforementioned locations are in Liannan County, Guangdong, except for Mangshan, which is in Yizhang County, Hunan. Long reports that other than in Liannan County, small pockets of Zao Min speakers are located in:


  1. ^ Dzao Min at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Wong, Sik-Ling. 1939. Phonetics and phonology of the Yao language: description of the Yau-ling dialect. Lingnan Science Journal 18.4:425–455.
  3. ^ Long, Guoyi 龙国贻 (2011). Zǎomǐn Yáo yǔ yǔyīn yánjiū 藻敏瑶语语音研究 (Ph.D. thesis) (in Chinese). Zhōngyāng mínzú dàxué. Archived from the original on 2013-04-13.
  4. ^ a b c Hsiu, Andrew (2023). The Pai Yao language of Yangchun: Final remnants of a Mienic language. 32nd Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (SEALS 2023), May 16, 2023. Chiang Mai University.
  5. ^ a b "Yángchūn Yáo yǔ" 阳春瑶语. Yángjiāng shì zhèngfǔ wǎng 阳江市政府网 (in Chinese). 2015-04-15. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01.

Works cited

  • Mao, Zongwu 毛宗武 (2004). Yáozú Miǎn yǔ fāngyán yánjiū 瑤族勉语方言研究 [A Study of Mien Dialects] (in Chinese). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe.