Native toChina
RegionGansu, Sichuan
Native speakers
150,000 (2004)[1]
  • Thewo
  • Hbrugchu
Language codes
ISO 639-3cda

Choni (Jonê) and Thewo are dialects of a Tibetic language spoken in western China in the vicinity of Jonê County.

Choni has four contrastive aspirated fricatives: /sʰ/ /ɕʰ/, /ʂʰ/, /xʰ/.[2]


Consonant phonemes of Nyinpa Choni
Bilabial Alveolar Retroflex (Alveolo-)
Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive tenuis p t k
voiced b d ɡ
prenasalized ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ
Affricate tenuis t͡s t͡ʂ t͡ɕ
aspirated t͡sʰ t͡ʂʰ t͡ɕʰ
voiced d͡z d͡ʐ d͡ʑ
prenasalized ⁿd͡z ⁿd͡ʐ ⁿd͡ʑ
Fricative tenuis s ʂ ɕ x h
aspirated ʂʰ ɕʰ
voiced z (ʐ) ʑ ɣ (ʁ)
Sonorant r j w
Lateral fricative ɬ
approximant l
Vowel phonemes
Front Central Back
short long short long short long
Close i ʉ ʉː u
ɪ ɪː
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open æ ɑ ɑː
Nasal vowels
Front Central Back
Close ĩː (ũː)
Close-mid ẽː õː
Open ã ãː


  1. ^ Choni at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Guillaume Jacques 2011. A panchronic study of aspirated fricatives, with new evidence from Pumi, Lingua 121.9:1518–1538
  3. ^ Jacques, Guillaume (April 2012). "A phonological profile of Cone" (PDF). HAL. Retrieved 20 August 2021.