Hm Nai
Native toChina
Ethnicity8,000 (2007)[1]
Native speakers
5,800 (2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bwn
ELPWunai Bunu

Hm Nai (Mandarin: Wunai (唔奈 Wúnài), Cantonese: Ng-nai) is a Hmong-Mien language (Chinese: Miao-Yao 苗瑶) spoken[2] in western Hunan province, China. There are approximately 5800 people speaking this language, and the number is decreasing.[3] Mao & Li (1997) determined it to be closely related to the Pa-Hng language.


  1. ^ a b Hm Nai at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Brenzinger, Matthias, ed. (2007). Language Diversity Endangered. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-017050-4.
  3. ^ "Bunu, Wunai". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2017-02-10.


  • Mao, Zongwu 毛宗武; Li, Yunbing 李云兵 (1997). Bāhēngyǔ yánjiū 巴哼语研究 [A Study of Baheng [Pa-Hng]] (in Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai yuandong chubanshe.
  • Meng, Chaoji 蒙朝吉 (2001). Yáozú Bùnǔyǔ fāngyán yánjiū 瑤族布努语方言研究 [A Study of the Bunu Dialects of the Yao People] (in Chinese). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe.