Ľor télé / Льор теълеъ
Native toChina
RegionXinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Native speakers
(undated figure of 25,000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologlopn1238  Lopnor
ELPLopnor Uighur

Lop, also known as Lopnor or Lopnur is a Turkic dialect spoken in the Lopnor region of Xinjiang, China. Its speakers are included as part of the "Uyghur" nationality in the census.


Lop belongs to the Karluk branch of Turkic languages, along with Uyghur and Uzbek. Its status as a distinct language from Uyghur is disputed. Although it has some features that differentiate it from standard Uyghur, it is considered by some linguists to be one of its dialects.[2]


Lopnor Uyghur has the following consonants:[3]

Labial Alveolar Palato-
Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive Unvoiced p t k q
Voiced b d g
Fricative Unvoiced s ʃ ç x~χ h
Voiced v z ʒ ʝ ɣ~ʁ
Approximant l j
Tap ɾ

Lopnor Uyghur has the following vowels:[4]

Front Back
Unrounded Rounded
High i y u
Mid e ø o
Low æ a


  1. ^ Uighur at Ethnologue (12th ed., 1992).
  2. ^ Abdurehim (2014).
  3. ^ Abdurehim (2014), p. 28.
  4. ^ Abdurehim (2014), p. 45.
  • Abdurehim, Esmael (2014). The Lopnor Dialect of Uyghur: A Descriptive Analysis (PDF) (Doctoral thesis). Publications of the Institute for Asian and African Studies 17. Helsinki: Unigrafia. hdl:10138/136392. ISBN 978-951-51-0384-0.