RegionEgypt and Syria
Language codes
ISO 639-3

The Mamluk-Kipchak language was a Kipchak language that was spoken in Egypt and Syria during the Mamluk Sultanate period.


The Mamluk-Kypchak language belong to the Cuman-Kypchak group of Kipchak languages. Other Cuman-Kypchak languages include Kumyk, Karachai-Balkar, Crimean Tatar.[1]


Since most of the Mamluk rulers were monolingual Turkic speakers, several dictionaries were complied to enable communication between Arabic speaking population of the empire and its rulers. The language was also used as literary language and several Arabic and Persian works have been translated to Kipchak by Mamluks.[2] It was written in Arabic script.

Mamluk-Kipchak lost its ground as the dominant Turkic language to Oghuz Turkic among the ruling Burji dynasty.[3]



  1. ^ Баскаков Н. А. Историко-типологическая фонология тюркских языков / Отв. ред. Э. Р. Тенишев. — М.: Наука, 1988.
  2. ^ Eckmann, János (1963). "The Mamluk-Kipchak Literature". Central Asiatic Journal. 8 (4): 304–319. JSTOR 41926593.
  3. ^ Turan, Fikret; Boeschoten, Hendrik; Stein, Heidi (2007). "The Mamluks and Their Acceptance of Oghuz Turkish as Literary Language: Political Maneuver or Cultural Aspiration?". Turcologica. Harrassowitz.