Common Turkic
Shaz Turkic
Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, North Asia, East Asia
Linguistic classificationTurkic
  • Common Turkic
Map of the distribution of Common Turkic Languages across Eurasia

Common Turkic, or Shaz Turkic, is a taxon in some classifications of the Turkic languages that includes all of them except the Oghuric languages.


Lars Johanson's proposal contains the following subgroups:[1][2]

In that classification scheme, Common Turkic is opposed to Oghur Turkic (Lir-Turkic). The Common Turkic languages are characterized by sound correspondences such as Common Turkic š versus Oghuric l and Common Turkic z versus Oghuric r.

Siberian Turkic is split into a "Central Siberian Turkic" and "North Siberian Turkic" branch within the classification presented in Glottolog v4.8.[3]

In other classification schemes (such as those of Alexander Samoylovich and Nikolay Baskakov), the breakdown is different.


  1. ^ Lars Johanson (1998) The History of Turkic. In Lars Johanson & Éva Ágnes Csató (eds) The Turkic Languages. London, New York: Routledge, 81–125.
  2. ^ "turcologica". Retrieved 2022-03-04.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (2023-07-10). "Glottolog 4.8 - Common Turkic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. doi:10.5281/zenodo.7398962. Archived from the original on 2023-09-22. Retrieved 2023-09-21.