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RegionCentral Europe, Eastern Europe
Era7th-12th century[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3xpc

Pecheneg is an extinct Turkic language spoken by the Pechenegs in Eastern Europe (parts of Southern Ukraine, Southern Russia, Moldova, Romania and Hungary) in the 7th–12th centuries. However, names in this language (Beke, Wochun, Lechk, etc.) are reported from Hatvan until 1290.[2]


Due to poor documentation and the absence of any descendant languages have prevented linguists from making an accurate classification. It is placed in the Kipchak language family in Glottolog and in the Kipchak–Cuman language family in Linguist List.

Byzantine princess Anna Komnene asserts that the Pechenegs and Cumans spoke the same language,[3] while Mahmud al-Kashgari considered their language to be a corrupted form of Turkic. Though most contemporary researchers also conclude that they spoke a Common Turkic language[4]


  1. ^ "Pecheneg". LINGUIST List. Archived from the original on 13 March 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2024. 7th - 12th centuries AD.
  2. ^ Wenzel, Gusztáv (1860). "Codex diplomaticus Arpadianus continuatus =: Árpádkori új okmánytár" (in Latin). Harvard University: Eggenberger Ferdinánd Akademiai. p. 108.
  3. ^ Howorth, Henry Hoyle (1880). "History of the Mongols". Burt Franklin. ISBN 9780343146429. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  4. ^ Paroń, Aleksander (2021). "The Pechenegs : nomads in the political and cultural landscape of Medieval Europe". Thomas Anessi. Leiden. ISBN 978-90-04-44109-5. OCLC 1245959323.